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Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder 1871

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria


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Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder
Ashmore Reef, Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder
KwaZulu-Natal. Heroen Verbruggen. © Heroen Verbruggen (heroen.verbruggen@gmail.com).

Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder
Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Caulerpa cupressoides var. plumarioides Børgesen

Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder KwaZulu-Natal
© Heroen Verbruggen (heroen.verbruggen@gmail.com)

Publication details
Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder 1871: 56

Published in: Sonder, O.G. (1871). Die Algen des tropischen Australiens. Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften herausgegeben von dem Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein in Hamburg 5(2): 33-74, pls I-VI.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Wagap, New Caledonia (Sphaerococcus canaliculatus Kützing) (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 17). Type: Vieillard; (Lipkin & Silva 2002: 17).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Corallopsis Gurgel, J.N. Norris et Fredericq

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), canaliculate, with a longitudinal channel or groove (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sphaerococcus canaliculatus Kützing 1868
Gracilaria crassa Harvey ex J.Agardh 1876
Ceramianthemum crassum (Harvey ex J.Agardh) Kuntze 1891

Nomenclatural notes
Abbott (1985) cites this species as Gracilaria canaliculata (Kützing) Sonder.

Treated as a new name for Sphaerococcus canaliculatus Kützing 1868 (not S. canaliculatus C. Agardh 1822) (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (31 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
According to Abbott (1995: 187, 193), Gracilaria canaliculata (Kützing) Sonder is a synonym of Gracilaria salicornia (C. Agardh) Dawson.

Distributional notes
Philippines record based on illustrations of specimens brought to Guam workshop by Doty (Abbott, 1985).

Habitat notes
At 3 m depth; in shaded cavelet in fossil reef limestone, ca. 50 cm depth (with parasitic Gracilariophila sibogae (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (31 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gracilaria crassa Harvey ex J.Agardh)
Japanese: Taiwan-ogonori (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Sphaerococcus canaliculatus Kützing)
Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia (Millar & Prud'homme van Reine 2005).

(as Gracilaria canaliculata Sonder)
Africa: Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996, Vieira & al. 2021), Mauritius (Silva & al. 1996), Mozambique (Silva & al. 1996, Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996, De Clerck, Tronchin & Schils 2005, Iyer et al 2005), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Réunion (Silva & al. 1996, Zubia & al.), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968 ), Iran (Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999, Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Oman (Silva & al. 1996, Wynne 2018), Red Sea (Einav & al. 2021), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968, Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Pakistan (Silva & al. 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996, Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva & al. 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Silva & al. 1996), Myanmar (Burma) (Silva & al. 1996, Hlaing Hlaing Htoon & Soe-Htun, Myo Min Tun & Soe-Htun 2014), Philippines (Abbott 1985, Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Gurgel & Fredericq 2004, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014, Lastimoso & Santiañez 2021), Singapore (Silva & al. 1996, Pham & al. 2011), Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2016), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva & al. 1996, Huisman 2019), Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Queensland (Lewis 1984), Western Australia (Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman 2018).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Fiji (South & Skelton 2003), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

(as Gracilaria crassa Harvey ex J.Agardh)
Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1952).

South-west Asia: India (Suryanarayanan et al. 2010), Sri Lanka (Børgesen 1936).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Bangmei 1985), Japan (Yamamoto 1985), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Bangmei 1985, Chiang 1985, Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1984).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Federated States of Micronesia (Tsuda 2006), Guam (Tsuda 1985).

(as Ceramianthemum crassum (Harvey ex J.Agardh) Kuntze)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Abbott, I.A. (1985). Gracilaria from the Philippines: list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with Reference to Some Pacific and Caribbean Species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 89-90.

Abbott, I.A. (1995). A decade of species of Gracilaria (sensu lato). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 185-195. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Gurgel, C.F.D., Norris, J.N., Schmidt, W.E., Le, H.N. & Fredericq, S. (2018). Systematics of the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta) including new subfamilies, tribes, subgenera, and two new genera, Agarophyton gen. nov. and Crassa gen. nov. Phytotaxa 374(1): 1-23.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Iyer, R., Tronchin, E.M., Bolton, J.J. & Coyne, V.E. (2005). Molecular systematics of the Gracilariaceae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) with emphasis on Southern Africa. Journal of Phycology 41: 672-684.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Meneses, I. & Abbott, I.A. (1987). Gracilaria and Polycavernosa (Rhodophyta) from Micronesia. Micronesica 20: 187-200, 13 figs.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Created: 30 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4056 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Soe Pa Pa Kyaw, Mya Kyawt Wai, Thida Nyunt, Mu Mu Aye & Soe-Htun, U. (2009). Some observations on the daily growth rate of the agarophytes, Gracilaria gracilis, G. canaliculata and Hydropuntia edulis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), from Kyaikkhami and Setse, Mon State. Journal of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science 7(5): 333-346.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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