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Ceramium virgatum Roth 1797

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Ceramioideae
Tribe Ceramieae
Genus Ceramium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Ceramium virgatum Roth
cross-section, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ceramium virgatum Roth
cross-section, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ceramium virgatum Roth
cross-section, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ceramium virgatum Roth
habit, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ceramium virgatum Roth
cross-section, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ceramium virgatum Roth
habit, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

 

Ceramium virgatum Roth cross-section, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Ceramium virgatum Roth 1797: 148, pl. VIII [8]: fig. 1

Published in: Roth, A.W. (1797). Catalecta botanica quibus plantae novae et minus cognitae describuntur atque illustrantur. Fasc. 1. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-244 [1-2, index, pls], 8 pls. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: in Bibliopolo I.G. Mülleriano.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Ceramium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Neotype locality: South Harbour, Helgoland, North Sea (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002: 413). Epitype: Fig. 2 (epitype) 7 January 1999; very sheltered; ELWST, on wall, epiphytic on various algae. BM (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002: 412, 413, 410). Notes: One of the Helgoland specimens (fig. 2) of sample number 496 is designated by Maggs et al. (2002: 412) as epitype. They note that Roth's (1797) figure (pl. 8, fig.1) is based on a specimen collected at Eckwarden but as there is no naturally occurring solid substratum at this site, it is likely that Roth's material was obtained from drift. Samples from the lower intertidal zone of the nearby rocky island of Helgoland resemble Roth's (1797) illustration of C. virgatum (Fig. 1).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), twiggy, long and slender or streaked, rod-like (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva polymorpha Linnaeus 1753
Ulva confervoides Linnaeus 1753
Conferva rubra Hudson 1762
Conferva nodulosa Lightfoot 1777
Ceramium polymorphum (Linnaeus) De Candolle 1805
Ceramium nodulosum (Lightfoot) Ducluzeau 1806
Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh 1811
Ceramium rubrum var. pallens C.Agardh 1811
Ceramium rubrum var. proliferum C.Agardh 1824
Polysiphonia polymorpha (Linnaeus) Duby 1830
Ceramium rubrum var. liebetruthii Grunow 1844
Ceramium repens Zanardini 1847
Ceramium rubrum var. pygmaeum Sonder 1848
Ceramium villosum Kützing 1849
Boryna nodulosa (Lightfoot) Ruprecht 1850
Ceramium rubrum f. proliferum (C.Agardh) Kjellman 1883
Ceramium nobile J.Agardh 1894
Ceramium rubrum f. balticum Petersen 1908
Ceramium rubrum f. divaricatum Petersen 1908
Ceramium rubrum f. irregularis-subcorticatum Petersen 1908
Ceramium rubrum f. modificatum Petersen 1908
Ceramium rubrum f. subtypicum Petersen 1908

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Ceramium virgatum Roth)
Swedish: Grovsläke (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Conferva polymorpha Linnaeus)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Hooker 1811).

Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

(as Conferva rubra Hudson)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803), Spain (Roxas Clemente y Rubio 1807).

(as Conferva nodulosa Lightfoot)
Europe: Britain (Lightfoot 1777, Dixon 1983).

(as Ceramium virgatum Roth)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Vinogradova 2005, Vinogradova 2011), Barents Sea (Mikhaylova 2021), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Fredriksen & al. 2019), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013, Mikhaylova 2017).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Parente, Neto & al. 2020), Canary Islands (John & al. 2004, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (John & al. 2004), Salvage Islands (John & al. 2004).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Curiel et al. 2012), Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Milchakova 2011), Britain (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2015), Bulgaria (Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008, Berov & al. 2012), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), Denmark (Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002, Skage et al. 2005), France (Anon. 2017), Germany (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002, Skage et al. 2005, Weinberger et al. 2020), Greece (Tsiamis & Panoytidis 2016), Ireland (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002, Guiry 2012), Italy (Serio et al 2006), Netherlands (Stegenga, Kaaremans & Simons 2007), Norway (Skage et al. 2005), Poland (Michalak 2020 ), Portugal (Araújo & al. 2009), Romania (Caraus 2017), Spain (Peña & Bárbara 2002, Bárbara & al. 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Pinedo et al. 2013), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Sweden (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

North America: Connecticut (Kraemer et al. 2017), Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (García & al. 2020), New Brunswick (Bates & al. 2005), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Dawes 2002), Newfoundland (Maggs, Ward, McIvor, Evans, Rueness & Stanhope 2002), Virginia (Nyberg et al. 2009).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014, Cabrera & al. 2020), Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Argentina (Carvalho et al. 2017), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Peru (Ávila-Peltroche & Padilla-Vallejos 2020).

Africa: Morocco (Hassoun & al., Moussa & al. 2018), Western Sahara (John & al. 2004).

Middle East: Egypt (Shabaka 2018), Red Sea (Einav & al. 2021), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Rao & Gupta 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Tasmania (Scott 2017).

Subantarctic Islands: Îles Kerguelen (Féral & al. 2021), South Georgia (Wells, Brewin & Brickle 2011).

(as Ceramium nodulosum (Lightfoot) Ducluzeau)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995), Britain (Maggs & Hommersand 1993), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Ireland (Maggs & Hommersand 1993), Italy (Cecere & al. 1996), Netherlands (Stegenga & al. 1997), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Poland (Andrulewicz et al. 2004 ), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde & al. 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998).

(as Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003 ), Canary Islands (Børgesen 1930, Gil-Rodriguez et al. 1985, Price, John & Lawson 1986, Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Moro & al. 2011), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Lanzarote (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Madeira (Levring 1974), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984, Price, John & Lawson 1986).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Bellón 1921, Navarro & Bellón 1945), Black Sea (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Britain (Marconi et al. 2011), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Athanasiadis 1987, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000, Lam & Harder 2007), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913, Cullinane 1969, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Whelan & Cullinane 1985, Morton 1994), Italy (Funk 1961, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Cinelli & al. 1976, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003), Malta (Cormaci & al. 1997), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Veen & al. 2015), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Sardinia (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Furnari & al. 2003), Spain (Lázaro Ibiza 1889, Sauvageau 1897, Bellón 1921, Hamel 1928, Miranda 1931, Bas 1949, Seoane-Camba 1957, Ardré 1957, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Barcelo & Seoane 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Sierra & Fernández 1984, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo & al. 1985, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Silva & Fernández 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Fernández & Miyares 1989, Conde, Flores-Moya & Vera 1990, Fernández, Gutiérrez & Rico 1990, Fernández & Menéndez 1991, Barbara, Cremades & López Rodriguez 1992, Guillermes, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1994, Rodríguez-Prieto & Polo, L. 1996, Rodriguez-Prieto & Polo Albertí 1998, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Gorostiaga & al., 2004), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901, Lindstrom 1977, Scagel & al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel & al. 1989), Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Florida (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), North Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Nova Scotia (Schmidt & Scheibling 2006), South Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Virginia (Humm 1979), Washington (Scagel & al. 1989).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

South America: Argentina (Pujals 1963, Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013, Croce & al. 2015), Brazil (Taylor 1931 , Taylor 1960), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Hoffmann & Santelices 1997, Leonardi et al 2006), Peru (Dawson, Acleto & Foldvik 1964, Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Tierra del Fuego (Kylin & Skottsberg 1919).

Africa: Algeria (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002 ), Libya (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Mauritius (Børgesen 1945, Silva & al. 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Gil-Rodriguez & Socorro Hernández 1986), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Western Sahara (Price, John & Lawson 1986).

Middle East: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001), Israel (Einav & Israel 2008), Turkey (Güven & Öztig 1971, Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Gómez Garreta & al. 2001, Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin & al. 2008 ).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Levant states (Gómez Garreta & al. 2001).

Asia: Japan (Holmes 1896), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001), Kuril Islands (Nagai 1941).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson 2012), South Australia (Womersley 1998), Tasmania (Womersley 1998, Scott 2017), Victoria (Womersley 1998), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990, Womersley 1998).

Subantarctic Islands: Campbell Island (Levring 1945), Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas (Kylin & Skottsberg 1919).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Papenfuss 1964).

(as Ceramium rubrum var. proliferum C.Agardh)
North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Hassoun, M., Wynne, J.W., Moussa, H., Salhi, G., Zbakh, H., Riadi, H. & Kazzaz, M. (2018). An investigation of members of the tribe Ceramieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) occurring on both the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores of Morocco. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 33(3): 243-267.

Maggs, C.A., Ward, B.A., McIvor, L.M., Evans, C.M., Rueness, J. & Stanhope, M.J. (2002). Molecular analyses elucidate the taxonomy of fully corticated, nonspiny species of Ceramium (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) in the British Isles. Phycologia 41: 409-420.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Skage, M., Gabrielsen, T.M. & Rueness, J. (2005). A molecular approach to investigate the phylogenetic basis of three widely used species groups in the red algal genus Ceramium (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 44: 353-360.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Vinogradova K.L. (2005). Ceramium species (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) in the Russian northern seas. Botanicheskii Zhurnal 90(6): 884-890, 2 pls.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2011). The order Ceramiales (Rhodophyta) in the flora of the Arctic Ocean. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 96(6): 681-695.

Wolf, M.A., Sciuto, K., Maggs, C.A., de Barros-Barreto, M.B.B., Andreoli, C. & Moro, I. (2011). Ceramium Roth (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from Venice lagoon (Adriatic Sea, Italy): Comparative study of Mediterranean and Atlantic taxa. Taxon 60(6): 1584-1595.

Created: 07 June 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 13 February 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 9662 times since it was created.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2021.

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