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Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret 1863

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulotrichales
Family Ulotrichaceae
Genus Ulothrix

Pictures

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Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret
Point Lepreau, New Brunswick, Canada; upper intertidal. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret
Muigh Inis, Co. Galway, Ireland; on rock. 13 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret Point Lepreau, New Brunswick, Canada; upper intertidal
© Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca)

Publication details
Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret in Le Jolis 1863: 56

Published in: Le Jolis, A. (1863). Liste des algues marines de Cherbourg. Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg 10: 5-168, pls I-IV.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulothrix is Ulothrix tenuissima Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Conferva flacca Dillwyn

Type information
Type locality: Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales (Lokhorst 1979: 213). Lectotype: BM-K (Lokhorst 1979: 213).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), drooping (Neal 1993).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva flacca Dillwyn 1805
Lyngbya flacca (Dillwyn) Harvey 1849

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Hormotrichum fasciculare Kützing
Lyngbya carmichaelii Harvey 1833
Ulothrix consociata Wille 1901
Ulothrix pseudoflacca Wille 1901
Ulothrix consociata var. islandica Jónsson 1903
Ulothrix scutata H.Jónsson 1904
Ulothrix islandica (H.Jónsson) Printz 1926

Habitat notes
Intertidal zone (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009). - (10 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Ulothrix pseudoflacca Wille)
Japanese: Hoso-hibimidoro (Tokida 1954).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018), Canada (Arctic) (Taylor 1957, Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999, Fredriksen & Kile 2012, Hop et al. 2012 , Fredriksen et al. 2014, Fredriksen & al. 2019), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 2005, Parente), Canary Islands (Haroun & al. 2002, Herrera-López et al 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Gil-Rodríguez & al. 2007, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), E. Greenland (Lund 1959), Greenland (Pedersen 2011), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Gallardo & al. 1993), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Belgium (Coppejans & Kling 1995), Black Sea (Gallardo & al. 1993), Britain (Newton 1931, Burrows 1991, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Whitton & al. 2003, Brodie & al. 2007, Wilkinson & al. 2007, Brodie & al. 2015, Bunker & al. 2017), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981, Berov & al. 2012), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), Denmark (Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Feldmann 1937, Gallardo & al. 1993, Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Athanasiadis 1987, Gallardo & al. 1993, Tsiamis & al. ), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1977, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Burrows 1991, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Gallardo & al. 1993, Gallardo & al. 1993, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga & al. 1997), Norway (Jaasund 1965, Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Poland (Andrulewicz et al. 2004 ), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo & al. 2009), Romania (Caraus 2017), Sardinia (Gallardo & al. 1993), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Slovenia (Rindi & Battelli 2005), Spain (Miranda 1931, Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Aboal 1988b, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Gallardo & al. 1993, Guillermes, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1994, Flores-Moya et al. 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Rodriguez-Prieto et al. 1997, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Calvo & Bárbara 2002, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Invernón et al. 2009, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1949), Ukraine (Burova & al. 2011), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901, Lindstrom 1977, Scagel & al. 1989, Mondragon & Mondragon 2003, Lindeberg & Lindstrom 2010), British Columbia (Scagel & al. 1989), California (Silva 1979, Scagel & al. 1989, Miller 2012, Miller 2012, Miller 2012, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014 ), Channel Islands, California (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003), Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979, Van Patten 2009), Florida (Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Georgia (Schneider & Searles 1991), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), Manitoba (Saunders & McDevit 2013), Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), New Jersey (Taylor 1957), North Carolina (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Québec (Taylor 1957), South Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991), Texas (Wynne 2009), Virginia (Humm 1979), Washington (Scagel 1957, Scagel & al. 1989).

Central America: El Salvador (Fernández-García & al. 2011), Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche & al. 2005).

Caribbean Islands: Curaçao (Fricke & al. 2018).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985, Boraso de Zaixso 2004, Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013), Brazil (Moura 2010), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991, Hoffmann & Santelices 1997, Leonardi et al 2006), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Algeria (Gallardo & al. 1993, Ould-Ahmed & al. 2019), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Gallardo & al. 1993, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001, Moussa & al. 2018), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996, Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997 ), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tunisia (Gallardo & al. 1993).

Middle East: Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Tien 2007, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008, Tseng 2009, Ding & Luan 2013), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015), Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 1997, Klochkova & al. 2020), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Kamchatka (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Bae 2010), Kuril Islands (Nagai 1940), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Kloczcova 1996, Selivanova 2002, Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Russia (Sea of Japan) (Kozhenkova 2020), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Huang 2000), Tajikistan (Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Ling & Tyler 2000), New Zealand (Chapman 1956).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Guam (Lobban & N'Yeurt 2006 ).

Subantarctic Islands: Îles Kerguelen (Féral & al. 2021).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Papenfuss 1964).

(as Ulothrix consociata Wille)
Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Lund 1959, Pedersen 1976), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: France (Feldmann & Magne 1964), Ireland (Cotton 1912, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979), Spain (Miranda 1931).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2004).

(as Ulothrix pseudoflacca Wille)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Lund 1959, Pedersen 1976), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Tristan da Cunha (Baardseth 1941).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978), Britain (Whitton & al. 2003), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Feldmann 1937), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Ireland (Cotton 1912, Guiry 1978), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Edwards et al. 1975), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Aboal 1988b), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1949).

North America: California (Silva 1979).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2004).

Africa: Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Middle East: Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

Asia: Commander Islands (Klochkova & al. 2020), Kamchatka (Vozzhinskaja 1965, Klochkova & al. 2009), Kuril Islands (Nagai 1940), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980, Kloczcova 1996).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Papenfuss 1964).

(as Ulothrix scutata H.Jónsson)
Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Pedersen 1976), Greenland (Pedersen 2011).

(as Ulothrix islandica (H.Jónsson) Printz)
Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Pedersen 1976), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Key references
Bae, H.B. (2010). Ulotrichales, Ulvales. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 1, Number 1. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae: Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Cladophorales, Bryopsidales. Marine green algae. (Bae, E.H., Kim, H.-S., Kwon, C.-J., Hwang, I.-K., Kiim, G.H. & Klochkova, T.A. Eds), pp. 7-52. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Burrows, E.M. (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-238, 60 figs, 9 pls. London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Ding, L. & Luan, R. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus IV Chlorophyta No. I Ulotrichales Chaetophorales, Phaeophilales, Ulvales, Acrosiphoniales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-173, pls I-VI. Beijing: Science Press.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Common marine algae from Alaska to Baja California. pp. [i]iv, [1]-97. Monterey, California: Sea Challengers.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Vinogradova, K.L. (1979). Opredelitel' vodorosley dal'nevostochnykh morey SSSR. Zelenyye Vodorosli [Manual for identification of the algae of the far-eastern seas of the USSR. Green algae]. pp. 147, 67 figures, 18 plates. Leningrad: Botanicheskii Institut imeni V.L. Komarova. [in Russian]

Wille, N. (1901). Studien über Chlorophyceen. I-VII. Skrifter Udgivne af Videnskabs-selskabet i Kristiania. Mathematisk-naturvidenskabelig Klasse 1900(6): 1-46, pls I-IV [168 figs].

Created: 06 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6394 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Berger-Perrot, Y. (1980). Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret (Chlorophycée, Ulotrichale) des côtes de Bretagne et son polymorphisme. Cryptogamie, Algologie 1: 229-248.
Berger-Perrot, Y. (1980). Recherches sur l'Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret (Chlorophycée, Ulotrichale) des côtes de Bretagne. I - Morphologie, cytologie, caryologie et réproduction de la variété geniculata (Jónsson) Berger-Perrot. Cryptogamie, Algologie 1: 327-354.
Berger-Perrot, Y., Thomas, J.-Cl. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. (1993). Gametangia, gametes, fertilization and zygote development in Ulothrix flacca var. roscoffensis (Chlorophyta). Phycologia 32: 356-366, 27 figs.
Berger-Perrot, Y., Thomas, J.C. & L'Hardy-Halos, M.-T. (1986). Fine structure of the flagellar apparatus of gametes in situ and motile zygotes of the green alga Ulothrix flacca var. roscoffensis (Ulotrichales) (Chlorophyta). Protoplasma 134: 17-29.
Palmer, B.L. & Sideman, E.J. (1988). A field investigation into the effects of interspecific competition on the distribution and cover of Ulothrix flacca. Hydrobiologia 157: 97-104.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2021.

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