163,902 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,101 bibliographic items, 483,547 distributional records.

Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder 1845

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa


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Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder
Mosman, Western Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder

Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder
Rottnest Island, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Fucus polyschides Lightfoot

Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque Mosman, Western Australia
© John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au)

Publication details
Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder 1845: 50

Published in: Sonder, G. (1845). Nova algarum genera et species, quas in itinere ad oras occidentales Novae Hollandiae, collegit L. Priess, Ph. Dr. Botanische Zeitung 3: 49-57.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Western Australia (Silva & al. 1996: 830). Holotype: Preiss; MEL 516014 (Womersley 1984: 270).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), cylindrical.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ahnfeldtia cylindracea (Sonder) Trevisan 1849
Chauvinia cylindracea (Sonder) Kützing 1849
Caulerpa racemosa f. cylindracea (Sonder) Weber Bosse 1898
Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque 2003

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Caulerpa cylindracea var. macra Harvey 1858
Caulerpa complanata J.Agardh 1873
Caulerpa racemosa f. complanata (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse 1898
Caulerpa corynephora f. complanata (J.Agardh) Svedelius 1906

Distributional notes
This species was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 251) by means unknown: perhaps by shipping (ballast waters), an accidental escape from an aquarium or intentionally. It is now widspread and frequent throught both basins. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Italy (Petrocelli & Cecere 2019), Sicily (Costanzo & al. 2021), Spain (Altamirano & al. 2014, Altamirano & al. 2019), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020).

Africa: Algeria (Ould-Ahmed & al. 2019), Tunisia (Verlaque et al. 2017).

Middle East: Cyprus (Tsiamis & al. 2014 ), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Rao & Gupta 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Western Australia (Belton, Huisman & Gurgel 2015).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia (Belton & al. 2019).

(as Caulerpa racemosa f. cylindracea (Sonder) Weber Bosse)
North America: Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930).

Central America: Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche & al. 2005).

Africa: Kenya (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Gupta 2012), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1987), South Australia (Womersley 2003), Western Australia (Womersley 1984, Huisman & Walker 1990, Huisman 2000, Verlque, Durand ,Huisman, Boudouresque & Le Parco 2003).

(as Caulerpa racemosa f. complanata (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse)
South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001).

(as Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Moreira-Reyes et al 2003, Hernández-González et al. 2004a, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Moreira-Reyes, Soler-Onís & Gil-Rodríguez 2005, Moreira-Reyes & al. 2005, Moreira-Reyes et al. 2006, Gil-Rodríguez & al. 2007).

Europe: Albania (Piazzi & al. 2005), Balearic Islands (Piazzi & al. 2005, Box et al. 2010, Joher et al. 2012), Corsica (Piazzi & al. 2005), Crete (Piazzi & al. 2005), Croatia (Piazzi & al. 2005, Zuljevic et al. 2012), France (Piazzi & al. 2005, Capiomont & al. 2005, Anon. 2017), Greece (Piazzi & al. 2005, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis & al. ), Italy (Piazzi & al. 2005, Flagella et al.2008, Jongma et al. 2013), Malta (Piazzi & al. 2005), Pelagean Islands (Alongi et al. 2012), Sardinia (Piazzi & al. 2005), Sicily (Jongma et al. 2013), Spain (Piazzi & al. 2005, Guillén et al. 2010, Ruiz et al. 2011, Enguix et al. 2013).

Africa: Algeria (Hussein, K.B & Bensahla Talet, L. 2019 ), Libya (Piazzi & al. 2005), Tunisia (Piazzi & al. 2005).

Middle East: Cyprus (Piazzi & al. 2005, Taskin & al. 2013), Turkey (Piazzi & al. 2005, Jongma et al. 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Savage et al. 2013), South Australia (Savage et al. 2013 ), Western Australia (Verlque, Durand ,Huisman, Boudouresque & Le Parco 2003, Savage et al. 2013).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia (Savage et al. 2013).

Key references
Belton, G.S., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2015). Caulerpaceae. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 75-102. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Costanzo, L.G., Marletta, G. & Alongi, G. (2021). Non-indigenous macroalgal species in coralligenous habitats of the Marine Protected Area Isole Ciclopi (Sicily, Italy). Italian Botanist 11: 31-44, 3 figs.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Verlaque, M., Durand, C., Huisman, J.M., Boudouresque, C-F., & Le Parco, Y. (2003). On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 38: 325-339.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1984). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part I. pp. [1]-329, 102 figs, 16 pls. Adelaide: D.J. Woolman, Government Printer, South Australia.

Created: 26 November 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2966 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alomar, C., Deudero, S., Andaloro, F., Castriota, L. Consoli, P., Falautano, M. & Sinopoli, M. (2016). Caulerpa cylindracea Sonder invasion modifies trophic niche in infralittoral rocky benthic community. Marine Environmental Research 120: 86-92.
Altamirano, M., Andreakis, N., Souza-Egipsy, V., Zanolla, M. & de la Rosa, J. (2014). First record of Caulerpa cylindracea (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta) in Andalusia (Southern Spain). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 71: 1-9.
Bernardeau Esteller, J. & Martínez Garrido, J. (2010). Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea en el Mediterraneo: Estudios en la Región de Murcia. ALGAS. Boletín de Sociedad Española de Ficología 43: 19-26, 6 Fig.
Bernardeau-Esteller, J., Marín-Guirao, L., Sandoval-Gil, J.-M. & Ruiz, J.M. (2011). Photosynthesis and daily metabolic carbon balance of the invasive Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Chlorophyta, Caulerpales) along a depth gradient. Scientia Marina 75: 803-810.
Capiomont, A., Breugnot, E., den Haan, M. & Meinesz, A. (2005). Phenology of a deep-water population of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 48: 80-83.
Capiomont, A., Breunot, E., den Hanne, M. & Meinesz, A. (2005). Phenology of a deepwater population of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the northwestern Mediterranean See. Botanica Marina 48: 80-83.
Ceccherelli, G. & Piazzi, L. (2005). Exploring the success of manual eradication of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta): the effect of habitat. Cryptogamie Algologie 26: 319-328.
Enguix, A.M., Argente, J., Chicharro, J., Ferrer, Z. & Castañer, V. (2013). Seguimento de la dispersión de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea en espacios naturales protegidos marinos de la Comunidad Valenciana. Algas. Boletín de Sociedad Española de Ficología 47: 8-13.
Flagella, M.M., Lorenti, M. & Buia, M.C. (2008). Temperature response in a shallow-water Mediterranean population of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta), and a possible strategy of season anticipation. Botanica Marina 51(4): 278-277.
Gennaro, P., Piazzi, L., Persia, E. & Porrello, S. (2015). Nutrient exploitation and competition strategies of the invasive seaweed Caulerpa cylindracea. European Journal of Phycology 50(4): 384-394.
Guillén, J.E., Jiménez, S., Martínez, J., Triviño, A., Múgica, J., Argilés, J. & Bueno, M. (2010). Expansion of the invasive algae Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque 2003 on the region of Valencia seabed. Thalassas 26: 135-149.
Hussein, K.B & Bensahla Talet, L. (2019). First record of invasive green algae Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in Oran Bay (Western Algeria). Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences 48(3): 335-342, 9 figs.
Klein, J. (2007). Impact de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) sur les communautés macrophytiques en Méditerranée nord-occidentale. : Thèse de Doctorat, Université Aix-Marseille II, France. 315 pp.
Moreira Reyes, A., Cruz-Reyes, A., Gil-Rodríguez, M.C., Hernández-Diaz, R., Morales-Arbelo, T., Acuña-Marrero, D. (2005). Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea. Variaciones espaciales en el L.I.C. Sebalales de San Andrés (ES 7020120) Tenerife. Algas 34 25.
Moreira-Reyes, A. & Gil-Rodríguez, M.C. (2008). Variaciones espaciales y temporales de Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Chlorophycota) en Los Cristianos e Igueste de San Andrés, Tenerife, Islas Canarias. Vieraea 36: 91-102.
Piazzi, L. & Ceccherelli, G. (2006). Persistence of biological invasion effects: Recovery of macroalgal assemblages after removal of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 68: 455-461.
Piazzi, L., Meinesz, A., Verlaque, M., Açali, B., Antolic, B., Argyrou, M., Baltana, D., Ballesteros, E., Calvo, S., Cinelli, F., Cirik, S., Cossu, A., d'Archino, R., Djellouli, A.S., Javel, F., Lanfranco, E., Mifsud, C., Pala, D., Panayotidis, P., Peirano, A., Pergent, G., Petrocelli, A., Ruitton, S., Zuljevic, A. & Ceccherelli, G. (2005). Invasion of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea: an assessment of the spread. Cryptogamie, Algologie 26: 189-202.
Ruíz, J.M., Martín-Guirao, L., Bernardeau-Esteller, J., Ramos-Segura, A., García-Muñoz, R. & Sandoval-Gil, J.M. (2011). Spread of the invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) along the Mediterranean coast of the Murcia Region (SE Spain). Animal. Biodiv. & Conserv. 34: 73-82.
Sauvage, T., Payri, C., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Verbruggen, H., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, F.D., Gabriel, D., Sherwood, A.R. & Fredericq, S. (2013). Molecular diversity of the Caulerpa racemosa-Caulerpa peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in New Caledonia, with new Australasian records for C. racemosa var. cylindracea. Phycologia 52(1): 6-13.
Vázquez-Luís, M.; Sánchez-Jerez, P. & Bayle-Sempere, J.T. (2010). Effects of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea on prey availability: an experimental approach to predation of amphipods by Thalassoma pavo (Labridae). Hydrobiologia 654: 147-154.
Verlaque, M., Afonso-Carrillo, J., Gil-Rodríguez, M.C., Durand, C., Boudouresque, C.F. & Le Parco, Y. 2004 (2004). Blitzkrieg in a marine invasion: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reaches the Canary Islands (north-east Atlantic). Biological Invasions 6: 269-281.
Zuljevic, A., Antolic, B., Nikolic, V., Despalatovic, M. & Cvitkovic, I. (2012). Absence of successful sexual reproduction of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea in the Adriatic Sea. Phycologia 51(3): 283-286.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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