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Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson 1867

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Tracheophyta
Subphylum Euphyllophytina
Infraphylum Spermatophytae
Superclass Angiospermae
Class Monocots
Subclass Alismatidae
Order Alismatales
Family Hydrocharitaceae
Genus Halophila


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Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).


Baillouviana keutzingii Kuntze

Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson Tanzania
© Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se)

Publication details
Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson in Anon. 1867: 3

Published in: Anon. (1868). Sitzungs-Bericht der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin am 15. Januar 1867. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1867: 1-4.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Halophila is Halophila madagascarensis Doty & B.C.Stone.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Zostera stipulacea Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: Massaua [Eritrea] (Ferrer-Gallego & Boisset 2015: 1035). Neotype: G. Schweinfurth no. 8; G barcode G00408029 (Ferrer-Gallego & Boisset 2015: 1035). Notes: Isoneotype: P barcode P02089202.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Zostera stipulacea Forsskål 1775
Thalassia stipulacea (Forsskål) K.D.König 1805

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Zostera bullata Delile 1813
Halophila balfourii Solereder 1913

Distributional notes
Warm waters of the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea (Lipkin & Silva 2002). This species migrated about 130 years ago into the Mediterranean via the Suez Canal, where it presently occurs mostly in the eastern basin (see Lipkin 1975a, b), although there have since been reports from Sicily, mainland Italy and Tunisia. - (25 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Marine euryhaline seagrass with a wide ecological range and tropical to subtropical affinity (Sghaier et al. 2011, citing Lipkin et al. 1975a). - (31 Jan 2012) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson)
Arabic: A'shab bahriya (F.A.O. 1997).

English: Broadleaf seagrass (F.A.O. 1997).

Rhizome 0.5-2 mm wide. Leaf blades 3-6 cm long, 2.5-8 mm wide; margin serrulate; apex obtuse; base cuneate or gradually decurrent-petiolate; cross veins ascending at 45-60 degrees. Petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long, sheathing lopsidedly at base. Dioecious

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson)
Europe: Albania (Sghaier et al. 2011 ), Greece (Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Sghaier et al. 2011 , Gerakaris & Tsiamis 2015), Italy (Rindi & al. 1999), Malta (Sghaier et al. 2011 ), Mediterranean Sea (Phillips & Meñez 1988).

Caribbean Islands: Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015, van der Loos & al. 2017).

South America: Venezuela (Vera & al. 2014 ).

Africa: Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Kenya (Phillips & Meñez 1988), Libya (Sghaier et al. 2011), Madagascar (Phillips & Meñez 1988), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Phillips & Meñez 1988), Tunisia (Sghaier et al. 2011).

Middle East: Cyprus (Sghaier et al. 2011 , Nguyen et al. 2018), Egypt (Sghaier et al. 2011 , Githaiga et al. 2016 ), Israel (Nguyen et al. 2018), Syria (Sghaier et al. 2011 ), Turkey (Taskin & al. 2008 ).

South-west Asia: India (Phillips & Meñez 1988), Lebanon (Sghaier et al. 2011 , Lakkis 2013, Bitar & al. 2017 ).

Key references
Ferrer-Gallego, P.P. & Boisset, F. (2015). Neotypification of the widely distributed seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Hydrocharitaceae). Taxon 64(6): 1031-1037, 3 figs.

Hartog, C. den (1970). The sea-grasses of the world. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Reeks 59(1): [1-]6-275, 63 figs, 31 plates.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 03 December 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10355 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alongi, G. (1993). La macroflora epifita delle foglie di Halophila stipulacea (Forssk.) Aschers. del Porto di Catania. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 1: 287-288.
Becking, L.E., Van Bussel, T.C.J.M., Debrot, A.O. & Christianen, M.J.A. (2014). First record of a Caribbean green turtle (Chelonia mydas) grazing on invasive seagrass (Halophila stipulacea). Caribbean Journal of Science 48: 162-163.
Doddema, H. & Howari, M. (1983). In vivo nitrate reductase activity in the seagrass Halophila stipulacea from the Gulf of Aqaba (Jordan). Botanica Marina 26: 307-312.
Ferrer-Gallego, P.P. & Boisset, F. (2015). Neotypification of the widely distributed seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Hydrocharitaceae). Taxon 64(6): 1031-1037, 3 figs.
Gerakaris, V. & Tsiamsis, K. (2015). Sexual reproduction of the Lessepsian seagrass Halophila stipulacea in the Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 58(1): 51-53.
Lipkin, Y. (1975). Halophila stipulacea in Cyprus and Rhodes, 1967-1970. Aquatic Botany 1: 309-320.
Lipkin, Y. (1979). Quantitative aspects of seagrass communities, particularly of those dominated by Halophila stipulacea, in Sinai (Northern Red Sea). Aquatic Botany 7: 119-128.
Malea, P. (1994). Uptake of cadmium and the effect on viability of leaf cells in the seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Forsk.) Aschers. Botanica Marina 37: 67-73, 2 figs, 3 tables.
Nguyen, H.M., Kleitou, P., Kletou, D., Sapir, Y. & Winters, G. (2018). Differences in flowering sex ratios between native and invasive populations of the seagrass Halophila stipulacea. Botanica Marina 61(4): 337-342.
Rindi, F., Maltagliati, F., Rossi, F., Acunto, S. & Cinelli, F. (1999). Algal flora associated with a Halophila stipulacea (Forsskål) Ascherson (Hydrocharitaceae, Helobiae) stand in the western Mediterranean. Oceanologica Acta 22: 421-429, 2 figs, 3 tables.
Ruiz, H. & Ballantine, D.L. (2004). Occurence of the seagrass Halophila stipulacea in the tropical west Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science 75(1): 131-135.
Sghaier, Y.R., Zakhama-Sraieb, R., Benamer, I. & Charfi-Cheikhrouha, F. (2011). Occurrence of the seagrass Halophila stipulacea (Hydocharitaceae) in the southern Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 54(6): 575-582.
Van Tussenbroek, B.I., Van Katwijk, M.M., Bouma, T.J., Van der Heide, T., Govers, L.L. & Leuven, R.S.E.W (2016). Non-native seagrass Halophila stipulacea forms dense mats under eutrophic conditions in the Caribbean. Caribbean Journal of Sea Research 115: 1-5.
Vera, B., Collado-Vides, L., Moreno, C. & Tussenbroek, B.I. van (2014). Halophila stipulacea (Hydrocharitaceae): A recent introduction to the continental waters of Venezuela. Caribbean Journal of Science 48(1): 66-70, 3 figs.
Wahbeh, M.I. & Mahasneh, A. (1984). Levels of Zn, Mn, Cu, Fe and Mg in decomposing leaf litter of Halophila stipulacea (Forssk.) Aschers. from Aqaba (Jordan). Botanica Marina 27: 377-379.
Willette, D.A., Chalifour, J., Debrot, A.O.D., Engel, M.S., Miller, J., Oxenford, H.A., Short, F.T., Steiner, S.C.C. & Védie, F. (2014). Continued expansion of the trans-Atlantic invasive marine angiosperm Halophila stipulacea in the Eastern Caribbean. Aquatic Botany 112: 98-102.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 September 2020.

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