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Lithophyllum laeve Strömfelt, nom. illeg. 1886

Publication details
Lithophyllum laeve Strömfelt 1886: 21, pl. 1, figs. 11-12, nom. illeg.

Published in: Strömfelt, H.F.G. (1886). Om Algvegetationen vid Islands Kuster Akademisk Afhandling [About the Algae vegetation on the Icelandic coast. Academic Dissertation]. pp. 1-89. Göteborg: D.F. Bonniers Boktryckeri. [in Swedish]
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Publication date: "December 1886"

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) W.H.Adey

Type information
Type locality: Eyrarbakki, Iceland (Düwel & Wegeberg 1996: 473). Holotype : Epitype (C): figs 5-21 (slides of material collected by Dowel and Wegeberg at Eyrarbakki, 4 June 1992); table 2 (epitype) S (Düwel & Wegeberg 1996: 473, 474, fig. 1). Notes: According to Düwel and Wegeberg (1996: 473), the holotype material is a slide. They note that because this slide does not show any taxonomic characteristics except sporangia size, it is possible to select an epitype according to Art. 9.7. in the ICBN (Greuter 1994). According to Athanasiadis and Adey (2003), the [above] epitypification has resulted in the name Lithophyllum laeve Strömfelt being typified by two heterogeneous elements, i.e., the holotype and the epitype [Phymatolithon lenormandii (Areschoug) Adey]. Specimen proposed as conserved type (Athanasisdis & Adey, 2003): Reydarfjordur, East Iceland, collected by Adey, 29 July 1966; type: WHA-66-24-J2-070-090 in US.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), smooth, free from uneveness, hairs or roughness (Stearn 1985).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Illegitimate: priority for Lithophyllum laeve Kützing, 1847. A formal proposal (Athanasiadis & Adey 2003) to conserve the name Lithophyllum laeve Strömfelt based on a conserved type was rejected by the Committee for Algae (Compère 2004: 1066), and the rejection has been approved by the General Committee and the Nomenclatural Section of the Internation Botanical Congress in Vienna in July 2005]. - (22 Mar 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Holotype on intertidal rocks and pebbles (Irvine & Chamberlain, 1994); cobbles to pebbles, interstitial sand/mud (Athanasiadis & Adey, 2003). - (13 Apr 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

Key references
Adey, W.H., Athanasiadis, A. & Lebednik, P.A. (2001). Re-instatement of Leptophytum and its type Leptophytum laeve: taxonomy and biogeography of the genera Leptophytum and Phymatolithon (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 36(2): 191-203.

Athanasiadis, A. & Adey, W.H. (2003). Proposal to conserve the name Lithophyllum laeve Stromfelt against L. laeve Kützing (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) with a conserved type. Taxon 52: 342-350, 26 figs, 1 table.

Düwel, L. & Wegeberg, S. (1996). The typification and status of Leptophytum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 35: 470-483.

Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. (1994). Seaweeds of the British Isles, 1 (2B). Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. pp. vii + 276. London: HMSO.

Created: 28 December 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 13 April 2015 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 507 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Athanasiadis, A. & Adey, W.H. (2003). Proposal to conserve the name Lithophyllum laeve Stromfelt against L. laeve Kützing (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) with a conserved type. Taxon 52: 342-350, 26 figs, 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=21754

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 July 2021.

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