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Ulva australis Areschoug 1854

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Ulva

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Ulva australis Areschoug
subtidal with Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2015. 24 Dec 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva australis Areschoug
subtidal, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. 24 Dec 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Ulva australis Areschoug
Ría de Arosa, Galicia, Spain, 2011. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
Ría de Arosa, Galicia, Spain, 2011. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
North of Portugal, 2012. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
North of Portugal, 2012. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
North of Portugal, 2012. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
North of Portugal, 2012. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
North of Portugal, 2012. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Ulva australis Areschoug
Ría of Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2001. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

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14 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Gymnogongrus ligulatus Harvey ex Kützing

Ulva australis Areschoug North of Portugal, 2012
© Ignacio Barbara

Publication details
Ulva australis Areschoug 1854: 370

Published in: Areschoug, J.E. (1854). Phyceae novae et minus cognitae in maribus extraeuropaeis collectae. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, series 3 1: 329-372.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "In caulibus Cauliniae antarcticae parasitica, ad oram Novae Hollandiae australem in sinu Port Adelaide." [Port Adelaide, South Australia, on the stems of Amphibolis antarctica] (Areschoug 1854: 370). Lectotype: S (Womersley 1984: 141). Notes: Womersley (1984: 141) notes that the type sheet consists of four specimens.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), south, southern (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva laetevirens Areschoug 1854
Ulva pertusa Kjellman 1897
Ulva spathulata Papenfuss 1960

Taxonomic notes
According to Kirkendale et al. (2013: table 1), New South Wales collections field identified as U. ranunculata Kraft & A. Miller fall in this group. - (15 May 2013) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
This species was introduced accidentally, probably via oysters from Japan or elsewhere in the NW Pacific, into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 281), being first found in the Etang de Thau (France) in 1984. Other introduced populations are likely worldwide. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Epilithic mainly, but some older individual floating (Lee et al., 2019). - (5 Feb 2020) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Ulva pertusa Kjellman)
English: Lacy Sea Lettuce (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Japanese: Ana-awosa, Awosa (Tokida 1954).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulva laetevirens Areschoug)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Curiel et al. 2012), Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), France (Fort et al. 2021), Greece (Christia et al. 2011, Tsiamis & al. ), Ireland (Fort et al. 2021), Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Sfriso 2010, Miladi et al. 2008), Netherlands (Fort et al. 2021), Portugal (Fort et al. 2021), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Slovenia (Rindi & Battelli 2005), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

North America: North America (Kirkendale & al. 2013 ).

Africa: Tunisia (Miladi et al. 2008).

Middle East: Israel (Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008, Israel & Einav 2017).

Asia: Korea (Lee & al. 2019 ).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Millar & Kraft 1994, Kirkendale & al. 2013), South Australia (Kraft, Kraft & Waller), Tasmania (Kirkendale & al. 2013), Victoria (Kraft, Kraft & Waller, Kirkendale & al. 2013), Western Australia (Silva & al. 1996, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Kirkendale & al. 2013).

(as Ulva australis Areschoug)
Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), France (Anon. 2017, Fort et al. 2021), Germany (Steinhagen et al.), Italy (Miladi et al. 2008), Netherlands (Fort, Guiry & Suplice 2018, Fort et al. 2021), Portugal (Fort et al. 2021), Slovenia (Battelli & Catra 2021), Spain (Couceiro et al. 2011, Bárbara & al. 2015, García-Redondo & al. 2019), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Venice Lagoon (Sfriso & al. 2019 ).

North America: Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), North America (Kirkendale & al. 2013), Oregon and Washington (Hansen et al. 2018).

South America: Chile (Oróstica & al. 2017).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014, Dumilag et al. 2020).

Asia: China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanov & al. 2015), Japan (Titlyanov & al. 2019, Kawai et al. 2020), Korea (Choi et al. 2015), South Korea (Kirkendale & al. 2013), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Womersley 1984, Kirkendale & al. 2013), Queensland (Cribb 1996), South Australia (Womersley 1984, Kirkendale & al. 2013), Tasmania (Womersley 1984, Kirkendale & al. 2013, Scott 2017), Victoria (Womersley 1984, Shepherd et al. 2009, Kraft, Kraft & Waller, Kirkendale & al. 2013), Western Australia (Womersley 1984, Kirkendale & al. 2013).

(as Ulva pertusa Kjellman)
Europe: France (Verlaque 2001, Hanyuda & al. 2016, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Hanyuda & al. 2016), Italy (Wolf et al. 2012), Netherlands (Stegenga, Kaaremans & Simons 2007, Gittenberger & al. 2010 , Hanyuda & al. 2016), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Spain (Baamonde López et al. 2007, Hanyuda & al. 2016).

North America: British Columbia (Saunders & Kucera 2010, Hanyuda & al. 2016), California (Hayden & Waaland 2004, Miller 2012, Hanyuda & al. 2016), New Hampshire (Hofman et al. 2010).

South America: Chile (Hanyuda & al. 2016).

Africa: Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Mauritius (Silva & al. 1996), Mozambique (Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996).

Indian Ocean Islands: Rodrigues Island (De Clerck & al. 2004).

Middle East: Yemen (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Sri Lanka (Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva & al. 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Trono 1997), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983, Silva & al. 1996, Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Jin & al. 2005, Liu 2008, Tseng 2009, Titlyanov et al. 2011 , Wang 2012, Ding & Luan 2013, Liu et al. 2017), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014), Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Shimada et al. 2003, Hayden & Waaland 2004, Titlyanov et al 2006, Titlyanov & Titlyanova 2012, Matsumoto & Shimada 2015, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Hanyuda & al. 2016), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Jeong, & al. 2002, Kim & al. 2004, Han & Han 2005, Lee 2008, Bae 2010, Lee et al. 2011, Park et al. 2014, Kang & Kim 2016, Kim et al. 2017), Kuril Islands (Nagai 1940), Russia (Hanyuda & al. 2016), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), South Korea (Hanyuda & al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Chatham Islands (Nelson 2013), New South Wales (Hanyuda & al. 2016), New Zealand (Heesch et al. 2009, Broady & al. 2012, Hanyuda & al. 2016), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Stewart Island/Rakiura (Nelson 2013), Tasmania (Hanyuda & al. 2016), Victoria (Hanyuda & al. 2016).

(as Ulva spathulata Papenfuss)
Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Womersley 1984), New Zealand (Womersley 1984, Adams 1994), South Australia (Womersley 1984), Victoria (Womersley 1984), Western Australia (Papenfuss 1960, Womersley 1984).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Papenfuss 1964).

Key references
Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Couceiro, L., Cremades, J. & Barreiro, R. (2011). Evidence for multiple introductions of the Pacific green alga Ulva australis Areschoug (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) to the Iberian Peninsula. Botanica Marina 54(4): 391-402.

Fort, A., McHale, M., Cascella, K., Potin, P., Usadel, B., Guiry, M.D. & Sulpice, R. (2021). Foliose Ulva species show considerable inter-specific genetic diversity, low intra-specific genetic variation, and the rare occurrence of inter-specific hybrids in the wild. Journal of Phycology 57(1): 219-233.

Kirkendale, L., Saunders, G.W. & Winberg, P. (2013). A molecular survey of Ulva (Chlorophyta) in temperate Australia reveals enhanced levels of cosmopolitanism. Journal of Phycology 49(1): 69-81.

Kraft, L.G., Kraft, G.T. & Waller, R.F. (2010). Investigations into southern Australian Ulva (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) taxonomy and molecular phylogeny indicate both cosmopolitanism and endemic cryptic species. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1257-1277, 10 figs, 1 table.

Lee, H.W., Kang, J.C. & Kim, M.S. (2019). Taxonomy of Ulva causing blooms from Jeju Island, Korea with new species, Ulva pseud-ohnoi sp. nov. (Ulvales, Chlorophyta). Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 34(4): 253-266.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Miladi, R., Manghisi, A., Armeli Minicante, S.. Genovese, G., Abdelfkafi, S. & Morabito, M. (2018). A DNA barcoding survey of Ulva (Chlorophyta) in Tunisia and Italy reveals the presence of the overlooked alien U. ohnoi. Cryptogamie Algologie 39(1): 85-107.

Oróstica, M., Calderon, M.S., Boo, S.M., Sandoval, C. & Edding, M. (2017). Nuevo registro de Ulva australis (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) en el norte de Chile. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 52: 621-630, 3 figs.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Sfriso, A., Buosi, A., Wolf, M.A. & Sfriso, A.A. (2019). Invasion of alien macroalgae in the Venice Lagoon, a pest or a resource?. Aquatic Invasions 15(2): 245-270, 29 figs.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 30 April 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 June 2021 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5161 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Choi, H.G., Kim, B.Y., Park, S.K., Heo, J.S., Kim, C., Kim, Y.S. & Nam, K.W. (2015). Effects of wave action and grazers on frond perforation of the genus Ulva australis. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(1): 59-66.
Couceiro, L., Cremades, J. & Barreiro, R. (2011). Evidence for multiple introductions of the Pacific green alga Ulva australis Areschoug (Ulvales, Chlorophyta) to the Iberian Peninsula. Botanica Marina 54(4): 391-402.
Oróstica, M., Calderón, M., Boo, S.M., Sandoval, C. & Edding, M. (2017). Nuevo registro de Ulva australis (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) en el norte de Chile. Revista de Biologia Marina y Oceanografia 52(3): 621-630.
Oróstica, M., Calderon, M.S., Boo, S.M., Sandoval, C. & Edding, M. (2017). Nuevo registro de Ulva australis (Ulvaceae, Chlorophyta) en el norte de Chile. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 52: 621-630, 3 figs.

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G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2021.

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