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Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry 1984

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Mastocarpus

Pictures

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Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Robin Hood's Bay, Yorkshire, England; plants at low water. 02 Jul 2002. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 19 Jun 2020. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
middle intertidal, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Mastocarpus stellatus, lower intertidal, South of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Igancio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
Mastocarpus stellatus, lower intertidal, South of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Igancio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
middle intertidal, Beach of Razo, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
middle intertidal, Beach of Razo, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
to be dried, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 201. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
South of Portugal, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry
North of Spain 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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48 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Leathesia sadoensis Inagaki

Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry Muigh Inis, Co. Galway, Ireland;
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry in Guiry & al. 1984: 53

Published in: Guiry, M.D., West, J.A., Kim, D.-H. & Masuda, M. (1984). Reinstatement of the genus Mastocarpus Kützing (Rhodophyta). Taxon 33: 53-63.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Mastocarpus is Mastocarpus mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus stellatus Stackhouse

Type information
Type locality: western shores of England (Stackhouse 1797: 53, pl. 12). Type: Stackhouse; Notes: The name has been typified with Stackhouse’s description in Withering (1797: 99); the original specimens have not been found. The figure in pl. 12 of Stackhouse (1797) could serve as a lectotype.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), stellate, with narrow divisions radiating from the center like the rays of a star (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus stellatus Stackhouse 1796
Chondrus stellatus (Stackhouse) Stackhhouse 1797
Polymorpha stellata (Stackhouse) Stacxkhouse 1809
Sphaerococcus crispus var. stellatus (Stackhouse) C.Agardh 1817
Chondrus crispus var. stellatus (Stackhouse) Lyngbye 1819
Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters 1902

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus coronopifolius Zoëga 1772
Fucus mammillosus Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Chondrus mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse 1797
Fucus echinatus Stackhouse 1797
Chondrus echinatus (Stackhouse) Stackhouse 1797
Fucus alveolatus Esper 1799
Fucus mammillosus var. acutus Turner 1802
Fucus mammillosus var. incurvus Turner 1802
Fucus degener Esper 1804
Mammillaria expansa Stackhouse 1809
Mammillaria echinata Stackhouse 1809
Fucus crispus var. mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse 1816
Sphaerococcus mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) C.Agardh 1817
Fucus mammillosus var. prolifer Turner 1819
Mastocarpus mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Kützing 1843
Phyllophora mammillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) Fries 1845
Rhodymenia mammillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) Areschoug 1847
Gigartina mammillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) J.Agardh 1851
Petrocelis cruenta J.Agardh 1851
Gigartina mammillosa var. vulgaris Harvey 1862
Gigartina stellata f. acuta (Turner) Batters 1902
Gigartina stellata f. prolifera (Turner) Batters 1902
Gigartina stellata f. incurvata (Turner) Batters 1902
Gigartina cornopifolia (Zoega) P.C.Silva 1952
Gigartina coronopifolia (Zoëga) P.C.Silva 1952

Taxonomic notes
Sporophytic crust formerly Petrocelis cruenta (Guiry & West 1983)

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters)
English: Irish moss (Dickinson 1963), Carrageen (Anonymous 1978).

Finnish: Punalevä-suku (European Communities 1998).

Gaeilge: Carraigín fiadháin (Brennan 1950), Clúimhín cait (Anonymous 1978).

Portuguese: Musgos, Botelhas (European Communities 1998).

(as Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry)
Danish: Vortetang (European Communities 1998).

English: Grape Pip Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Portuguese: Corninho, Crespo, Folhinha (Oliveira, 1990), Alface miúda, Botelha (Pateira, 1993).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
nadeltang {Ger}; Irish Moss {Eng}; carraigin

Description
Cartilaginous, purplish brown fronds, often in dense tufts, arising from a discoid holdfast, to 200 mm high. Narrow compressed stipe expands into strap-like blade, usually inrolled to form a channel, with thickened margins. Repeatedly dichotomously branched, axils acute. Upper part of frond with papillae to 10 mm or more long on surfaces and margins on female plants. Male plants lack papillae and are generally rare. Tetrasporophyte a purplish-black crust (Petrocelis-phase).

Habitat
On rocks in lower intertidal, often in large continuous mats, widespread and abundant.

Key characteristics
Inrolled margins, cystocarps in papillae.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus coronopifolius Zoëga)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Hooker 1811).

(as Fucus mammillosus Goodenough & Woodward)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

(as Chondrus mammillosus (Goodenough & Woodward) Stackhouse)
Europe: Ireland (McMillan & Morton 1979).

(as Fucus mammillosus var. acutus Turner)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

(as Chondrus crispus var. stellatus (Stackhouse) Lyngbye)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Gigartina mammillosa (Goodenough & Woodward) J.Agardh)
Europe: Ireland (Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913), Spain (Miranda 1931).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

Middle East: Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

Asia: Japan (Mikami 1965, Segawa 1981).

(as Petrocelis cruenta J.Agardh)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931, Dixon & Irvine 1977), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Guiry 1977, De Valéra & al. 1979), Italy (Cinelli & al. 1976), Netherlands (Stegenga & al. 1997), Norway (Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo & al. 2009), Spain (Miranda 1931, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Bárbara et al. 1995, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2008).

North America: Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986).

South America: Argentina (Pujals 1963 ).

Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

Subantarctic Islands: South Orkney Islands (Holmes 1905, Papenfuss 1964).

(as Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Britain (Newton 1931, Dixon & Irvine 1977), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974 ), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cullinane 1969, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Anadón 1983, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Silva & Fernández 1988).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986).

(as Gigartina stellata f. acuta (Turner) Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

(as Gigartina stellata f. prolifera (Turner) Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

(as Gigartina stellata f. incurvata (Turner) Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

(as Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Mikhaylova 2021), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999, Fredriksen & al. 2019).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994 ), Canary Islands (Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Iceland (Zuccarello & al. 2006).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Holmes and Brodie 2005, Zuccarello & al. 2006, Marconi et al. 2011, Brodie & al. 2015, Bunker & al. 2017), Channel Islands (Trowbridge, Farnham & White 2004), Denmark (Zuccarello & al. 2006, Lundsteen & Nielsen 2015, Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Zuccarello & al. 2006, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Helgoland (Kornmann & Sahling 1994, Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000, Lam & Harder 2007), Ireland (Morton 1994, Zuccarello & al. 2006, Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Italy (Furnari & al. 2003), Netherlands (Stegenga & al. 1997, Zuccarello & al. 2006), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Pereira & Mesquita 2003, Araujo & al. 2005, Zuccarello & al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo & al. 2009, Bárbara et al. 2012), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Pérez-Cirera 1989, Barbara, Cremades & López Rodriguez 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde & al. 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Veiga Villar 1999, Gallardo & Casado 2000, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Zuccarello & al. 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Lobón et al. 2008, Viejo et al. 2008, Esteban et al. 2009, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001, Schneider et al. 2011, Harris & Logan 2018), New Brunswick (Bates & al. 2005, Bringloe et al. 2018), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Dawes 2002, Field et al. 2018), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991), Nova Scotia (Schmidt & Scheibling 2006).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Africa: Mauritania (John & al. 2004), Western Sahara (John & al. 2004).

Middle East: Turkey (Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bates, C.R., Saunders, G.W. & Chopin, T. (2005). An assessment of two taxonomic distinctness indices for detecting seaweed assemblage responses to environmental stress. Botanica Marina 48: 231-243.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dudgeon, S., Kubler, J.E., West, J.A., Kamiya, M. & Krueger-Hadfield, S.A. (2017). Asexuality and the cryptic species problem. Perspectives in Phycology 4(1): 47-59, 4 figs.

Guiry, M.D. & West, J.A. (1983). Life history and hybridization studies on Gigartina stellata and Petrocelis cruenta (Rhodophyta) in the North Atlantic. Journal of Phycology 19: 474-494.

Kornmann, P. & Sahling, P.-H. (1994). Meeresalgen von Helgoland: Zweite Ergänzung. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 48: 365-406.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Lundsteen, S. & Nielsen, R. (2015). Coccotylus brodiei, C. truncatus and other Phyllophoraceae (Rhodophyta) in Danish waters. Forum om Marin Bundfauna og –Flora 2: 1-20.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Schories, D., Selig, U. & Schubert, H. (2009). Species and synonym list of the German marine macroalgae based on historical and recent records. Rostocker Meeresbiologische Beiträge 21: 7-135.

Silva, P.C. (1952). A review of nomenclatural conservation in the algae from the point of view of the type method. University of California Publications in Botany 25: 241-323.

Zuccarello, G.C., Schidlo, A., McIvor, L. & Guiry, M.D. (2006). A molecular re-examination of speciation in the intertidal red alga Mastocarpus stellatus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 40: 337-344, 3 figs, 7 tables.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 41295 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alemán, A., Blanco-Pascual, N., Montero, M.P. & Gómez-Guillén, M.C. (2016). Simple and efficient hydrolysis procedure for full utilization of the seaweed Mastocarpus stellatus to produce antioxidants films. Food Hydrocolloids 56: 277-284.
Barwell, C.J., Canham, C.A. & Guiry, M.D. (1989). Hordenine content of the marine alga Mastocarpus stellatus and the algal food product carrageen. Phytotherapy Research 3: 67-69.
Bird, C.J., Sosa, P.A. & MacKay, R.M. (1994). Molecular evidence confirms the relationship of Petrocelis in the western Atlantic to Mastocarpus stellatus (Rhodophyta, Petrocelidaceae). Phycologia 33: 134-137.
Dudgeon, S.R., Davison, I.R. & Vadas, R.L. (1990). Freezing tolerance in the intertidal red algae Chondrus crispus and Mastocarpus stellatus: relative importance of acclimation and adaptation. Marine Biology, Berlin 106(3): 427-436. [in English]
Gallardo, T. & Casado, M. (2000). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XIII. Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackh.) Guiry (Petrocelidaceae, Rhodophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 24: 107-111.
Harris, J.P. & Logan, B.A. (2018). Seasonal acclimatization of thallus proline contents of Mastocarpus stellatus and Chondrus crispus: intertidal rhodphytes that differ in freezing tolerance (Note). Journal of Phycology 54(3): 419-422.
Kerjean, V., Morel, B., Stiger, V., Bessières, M.-A., Simon-Colin, C., Magné, C. & Deslandes, E. (2007). Optimization of floridoside production in the red alga Mastocarpus stellatus: pre-conditioning, extraction and seasonal variations. Botanica Marina 50(1): 59-64.
Lazzo, G. & Gallardo, T. (2004). Estudio de la morfología de las estructuras reproductoras de Mastocarpus stellatus (Stackhouse) Guiry (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) en las costas de la Península Ibérica. Bot. Complutensis 28: 21-26.
Zuccarello, G.C., Schidlo, A., McIvor, L. & Guiry, M.D. (2006). A molecular re-examination of speciation in the intertidal red alga Mastocarpus stellatus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 40: 337-344, 3 figs, 7 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 September 2021.

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