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Euglena viridis (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg 1830

Publication details
Euglena viridis (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg 1830: 39

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1830). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung, besonders in Sibirien. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1830: 1-88, pls I-VIII.
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Publication date: 1830 (see note)

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Euglena.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Cercaria viridis O.F.Müller

Type information
Epitype locality: Rutgers University campus, New Jersey (40º27'36" N, 74º27'58" W) [type locality of lectotype not known] (Shin & Triemer: 770). Epitype: isolated by Woongghi Shin; small freshwater pond. MSH Shin NJ001 (Shin & Triemer: 770, fig. 3). Notes: Lectotype: Fig. 10 in Animalcula infusoria fluviatilia et marina; pl. XIX, 1786. Epitype: Lyophilized sample of E. viridis NJ001 isolated by Woongghi Shin, deposited at MSC (Shin NJ001). Kosmala et al. (2009: fig. 1, n and o) also provide illustrations of epitype. Culture from which epitype is described is deposited in the American Type Culture Collection as number (SHIN NJ001 ATCC PRA-110).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), green (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Cercaria viridis O.F.Müller 1786

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Raphanella urbica Bory 1825
Euglena viridis var. mucosa Lemmermann 1910
Euglena viridis var. purpurea Playfair 1921
Euglena viridis var. lefevrei M.Chadefaud 1937
Euglena viridis f. salina T.G.Popova 1947
Euglena viridis var. halophila E.G.Pringsheim 1953
Euglena viridis var. maritima E.G.Pringsheim 1953
Euglena archaeoviridis Zakryś & Walne 1994

Taxonomic notes
Day et al. (1995: 232) record this species as being a synonym of Euglena texta.

According to Shin et al. (2004), this is a cryptic species as currently described. - (19 Nov 2008) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Emend. Zakrys & Kosmala (Kosmala et al. 2009: 471, 473).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bennett, M.S., Wiegart, K.E. & Triemer, R.E. (2012). Comparative chloroplast genomics between Euglena viridis and Euglena gracilis (Euglenophyta). Phycologia 51(6): 711-718.

Gojdics, M. (1953). The genus Euglena. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-268, 39 pls. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Kasten J., Kusber W.-H., Riedmüller U., Tworeck A., Oschwald L. & Mischke U. (2018). Steckbriefe der Phytoplankton-Indikatortaxa in den WRRL Bewertungsverfahren PhytoSee und PhytoFluss mit Begleittext – 1. Lieferung: 50 Steckbriefe ausgewählter Indikatortaxa. pp. 1-177. Berlin: Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin.

Kim, J.I., Shin, W. & Triemer, R.E. (2010). Multigene analyses of photosynthetic euglenoids and new family, Phacaceae (Euglenales). Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1278-1287.

Kosmala, S., Karnkowska-Ishikawa, A., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2009). Phylogeny and systematics of Euglena (Euglenaceae) species with axial, stellate chloroplasts based on morphological and molecular data - new taxa, emended diagnoses, and epitypifications. Journal of Phycology 45(2): 464-481, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Milanowski, R., Kosmala, S., Zakrys, B. & Kwiatowski, J. (2006). Phylogeny of photosynthetic euglenophytes based on combined chloroplast and cytoplasmic SSU rDNA sequence analysis. Journal of Phycology 42: 721-730.

Nudelman, M.A., Rossi, M.S., Conforti, V. & Triemer, R.E. (2003). Phylogeny of Euglenophyceae based on small subunit rDNA sequences: taxonomic implications. Journal of Phycology 39: 226-235.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Popova, T.G. (1966). Flora plantarum cryptogamarum URSS. Vol VIII. Euglenophyta. Fasc. 1 Gen. Trachelomonas, Strombomonas, Eutreptia, Euglena. pp. [1]-410 [-412]. Mosqua & Leningrad: Uzdatek'stvo "NAUKA".

Shin, W. & Triemer, R.E. (2004). Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Euglena (Euglenophyceae) with particular reference to the type species Euglena viridis. Journal of Phycology 40: 759-771.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Throndsen, J. (1996). The planktonic marine flagellates. In: Identifying marine phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 591-730. San Diego: Academic Press.

Triemer, R.E., Linton, E., Shin, W., Nudelman, A., Monfils, A., Bennett, M. & Brosnan, S. (2006). Phylogeny of the Euglenales based upon combined SSU and rDNA sequence comparisons and description of Discoplastis gen. nov. (Euglenophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 731-740.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 March 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12317 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bennett, M.S., Wiegart, K.E. & Triemer, R.E. (2012). Comparative chloroplast genomics between Euglena viridis and Euglena gracilis (Euglenophyta). Phycologia 51(6): 711-718.
Khawkine, W. (1886). Recherches biologiques sur l'Astasia ocellata n.s. et l'Euglena viridis Ehr. Part I. l'Astasia ocellata. Ann. des Sc. Nat. Zool. Ser. 6, Vol. 19, Art. 7, pp.. Annales des Sciences Naturelles Zoologie, sér. 6 19(7): 1-48.
Osborne, B.A. & Raven, J.A. (1986). Growth light level and photon absorption by cells of Chlamydomonas rheinhardii, Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyceae, Volvocales), Scenedesmus obliquus (Chlorophyceae, Chlorococcales) and Euglena viridis (Euglenophyceae, Euglenales). British Phycological Journal 21: 303-313.
Shin, W. & Triemer, R.E. (2004). Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Euglena (Euglenophyceae) with particular reference to the type species Euglena viridis. Journal of Phycology 40: 759-771.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2021.

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