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Phacus stokesii Lemmermann 1901

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus stokesii Lemmermann
Poland, Masurian Lake District, Urwitałt village, 8 July 2017. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus stokesii Lemmermann
Poland, Masurian Lake District, Urwitałt village, 8 July 2017. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

 

Pinnularia krasskei var. ventricosa Hustedt

Phacus stokesii Lemmermann Poland, Masurian Lake District, Urwitałt village, 8 July 2017
© Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl)

Publication details
Phacus stokesii Lemmermann 1901: 88

Published in: Lemmermann, E. (1901). Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Planktonalgen. XII. Notizen über einige Schwebealgen. XIII. Das Phytoplankton des Ryck und des Greifswalder Boddens. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 19: 85-95.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: North America, Teichen, ponds (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. 2020: 1149). Holotype: Lemmermann 1910, fig. 9: Epitype: fig. 4d (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al., 2020: 1149) (epitype) (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. 2020: 1149). Notes: GenBank MN149602 (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al., 2020). Stagnant pond-water, New England [Cyclanura orbiculata] (INA).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cyclanura orbiculata A.C.Stokes 1886
Phacus fominii Y.V.Roll 1938
Phacus aspidion Pochmann 1942
Phacus balatonicus Hortobágyi 1943
Phacus starmachii Starwinski 1969
Phacus betkowskii Stawinski 1969

Taxonomic notes
New name for Cyclanura orbiculata Stokes, 1886 (INA). - (8 Dec 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Emended diagnosis (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al., 2020: 1149).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phacus stokesii Lemmermann)
Europe: Britain (Wołowski 2002, Whitton & al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Czech Republic (Hasler, Handák & Handákova 2007), France (Anon. 2017), Poland (Wołowski 1998, Zakrys et al. 2013, Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. 2020).

North America: Iowa (Allegre & Jahn 1943).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Alves-da-Silva & Menezes 2010, Dunck & al. 2018).

Africa: Sierra Leone (Alfinito 2011).

Middle East: Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Day & al. 1995).

(as Phacus fominii Y.V.Roll)
North America: Alabama (Wołowski, Poniewozik & Walne 2013).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Skuja 1949).

(as Phacus balatonicus Hortobágyi)
South America: Brazil (Alves-da-Silva & Menezes 2010).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

Key references
Allegre, C.F. & Jahn, T.L (1943). A survey of the genus Phacus Dujardin (Protozoa; Euglenoidina). . Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 62(3): 233-244.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Lemmermann, E. (1910). Algen I (Schizophyceen, Flagellaten, Peridineen). In: Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg und angrenzender Gebiete herausgegeben von dem Botanishcen Verein der Provinz Brandenburg. Dritter Band. pp. 497-712. Leipzig: Verlag von Grebrüder Borntraeger.

Lemmermann, E. (1913). Flagellatae II. Eugleninae. In: Die Süsswasserflora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 2. (Pascher, A. & Lemmermann, E. Eds), pp. 115-174. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Starmach, K. (1983). Euglenophyta - Eugleniny Vol. 3 Flora slodkowodna polski [Euglenophyta Volume 3 Freshwater flora of Poland]. pp. [1]-594. Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. [in Polish]

Wołowski, K. (1998). Taxonomic and environmental studies on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Czestochowa Upland (Southern Poland). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Supplementum 6: 1-192, 29 pls.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 526 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2021.

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