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Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh, nom. illeg. 1824

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Bacillariophycidae
Order Mastogloiales
Family Achnanthaceae
Genus Achnanthes

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
Utlandshörn, Germany. 17 Sep 2013. Wulf Herwig. © Wulf Herwig (WEHerwig@arcor.de).

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
Puget Sound, Washington state, USA. Eduardo Firpo. © Eduardo Firpo (efirpo1@frontier.com).

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
Puget Sound, Washington state, USA. Eduardo Firpo. © Eduardo Firpo (efirpo1@frontier.com).

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
Puget Sound, Washington state, USA. Eduardo Firpo. © Eduardo Firpo (efirpo1@frontier.com).

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
630x __Dim. 24 x 72 µm __Rapheless valve. 27 Mar 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
630x __Dim. 28 x 75 µm __Raphe valve. 27 Mar 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC. 23 Aug 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

 

Sargassum cymosum var. preissii Grunow

Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh 630x __Dim. 28 x 75 µm __Raphe valve
© Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com)

Publication details
Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh 1824: 1, nom. illeg.

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1824). Systema algarum. pp. [i]-xxxvii, [1]-312. Lundae [Lund]: Literis Berlingianis [Berling].
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Publication date: probably September 1824

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Achnanthes is Achnanthes adnata Bory.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Achnanthes adnata Bory

Type information
Type locality: in Hutchinsia violacea (Polysiphonia fucoides), Scytosiphone in sinu Othiniensi, Odense, Denmark (Toyoda et al. 2005: 383). Lectotype: C A-2348 (Toyoda et al. 2005: 383). Notes: Lectotype: C (A-2348). Isotypes: C (A2349); BM 101105, BM 1011106. In mari Boreali (INA).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), short-footed.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Achnantella brevipes (Agardh) Gaillon 1833
Achnanthidium brevipes (C.Agardh) Heiberg 1863

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Achnanthes recava Hohn & Hellerman 1966

Nomenclatural notes
New name. Illegitimate: unwarranted change of epithet for Achnanthes adnata Bory 1822 (INA). - (16 Jul 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Toyoda et al. (2005) advocate that the name Achnanthes brevipes be conserved against Echinella stiptata Lyngbe. "We propose that the name Acnanthes Bory be conserved with Echinella stipitata Lyngbe as its type, and designate the Lyngbye's material (A-2348) as the lectotype. However, because changing the specific epithet to either stipitata or adnata would introduce confusion into the literature,...we also propose that the name Achnanthes brevipes be conserved. A formal proposal will be submitted to Taxon" (Toyoda et al., 2005: 383). However, Cox (2006: 68) states that A. brevipes is a synonym of A. adnata. - (29 Jul 2016) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Achnanthes brevipes C.Agardh)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Skulberg 1996).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Ojeda Rodríguez, Gil-Rodríguez & Moreira-Reyes 2005, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014, Polifrone et al. 2020), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015, Ritter & al. 2020).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Albania (Miho & Witkowski 2005, Somogyi et al. 2013), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Balycleva & Ryabushko 2017, Zotov 2018), Bosnia-Hertzegovina (Hafner, Jasprica & Car 2018), Britain (Hustedt & Aleem 1951, Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996, Whitton & al. 2003), Crimea (Ryabushko, Lishaev & Kovrigina 2019), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), France (Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova & al. 2011), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Rumrich, Lange-Bertalot & Rumrich 2000, Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Scholz & Liebezeit 2012, Täuscher 2014, Scholz et al. 2014, Täuscher 2016, Hofmann & al. 2018), Ireland (Adams 1908, Foged 1977, Wolnik & Carter 2014), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), North Macedonia (Levkov & Williams 2012), Poland (Bąk et al. 2012, Plinski & Witkowski 2020), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016, Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Varela 1982, Álvarez Cobelas & Estévez García 1982, Aboal 1986, Aboal 1987, Tomás 1987, Aboal 1988, Aboal 1989, Aboal, Marín & Zafra 2003, Aboal & al. 2003, Marín-Murcia & Aboal 2004, Ros, Marín-Murcia & Aboal 2009, Clavero i Oms 2009), Ukraine (Bukhtiyarova 1999, Bukhtiyarova 1999), Venice Lagoon (Tolomio et al. 2002).

North America: Arkansas (Smith 2010), Canada (Mather & al. 2010), Gulf of California (Moreno, Licea & Santoyo 1996), Laurentian Great Lakes (Stoermer, Kreis & Andresen 1999), Mexico (López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016), North Carolina (Hustedt 1955), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Nova Scotia (Kim, Garbary & McLachlan 2004), NW USA (Bahls 2009), United States of America (Kociolek 2005), Virginia (Adey et al. 2013).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Comas González 2009).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010, Costa et al. 2016), Chile (Rivera 1974), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2010).

Africa: South Africa (Giffen 1967), Sudan (Reinhold 1937).

Middle East: Egypt (Zalat 2002, Nassar & Khairy 2014, Khairy & al. 2017), Iran (Nejadsattari 2005, Azari et al. 2020 ), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016, Al-Saedy & al. 2020), Israel (Barinova, Tavassi & Glassman 2009), Kuwait (Al-Kandari, Al-Yamani & Al-Rifaie 2009), Turkey (Balkis 2004, Aysel 2005, Varol & Sen 2014, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020).

South-east Asia: Malaysia (Zong & Hassan 2004).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Cheng & Gao 2012), Japan (Nagumo & Mayama 2000), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Mongolia (Edlund & al. 2001, Dorofeyuk & Kulikovskiy 2012), Russia (Kulikovskiy & al. 2016), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015, Niyatbekov & Barinova 2018).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013, John 2018), New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957), Northern Territory (Day & al. 1995), Queensland (Foged 1978, Day & al. 1995, John 2016), Tasmania (John 2018), Victoria (Day & al. 1995).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Guam (Lobban & al. 2012).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Cunningham & McMinn 2004, Scott & Thomas 2005).

(as Achnanthidium brevipes (C.Agardh) Heiberg)
Middle East: Turkey (Aysel 2005).

(as Achnanthes recava Hohn & Hellerman)
North America: Maryland (Hohn & Hellermann 1966).

Key references
Al-Handal, A.Y., Compère, P. & Riaux-Gobin, C. (2016). Marine benthic diatoms in the coral reefs of Reunion and Rodrigues Islands, West Indian Ocean. Micronesica 2016(3): 1-77, 14 pls.

Cheng Zhaodi & Gao Yahui [Cheng, Z.D. & Gao, Y.H.] (2012). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [i-viii], i-xxvi, 1-137 plus 35 pls. Beijing: Science Press.

Cox, E.J. (2006). Achnanthes sensu stricto belongs with genera of the Mastogloiales rather than with other monoraphid diatoms (Bacillariophyta). European Journal of Phycology 41: 67-81.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Edlund, M.B., Soninkhishig, N., Williams, R.M. & Stoermer, E.F. (2001). Biodiversity of Mongolia: checklist of diatoms, including new distributional reports of 31 taxa. Nova Hedwigia 72: 59-90, 72 figs.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

John, J. (2016). Diatoms from Stradbroke and Fraser Islands, Australia: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 1. pp. [1]-377, 258 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

John, J. (2020). Diatoms from arid Australia: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 3. pp. [1]-578, 341 figs. Schmitten – Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Kulikovskiy, M., Glushchenko, A.M., Kuznetsova, I.V. & Genkal, S.I. (2016). [Identification book of diatoms from Russia]. pp. [1]-804, 165 pls. Yaroslavl: Filigran. [in Russian]

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2011). Okrzemki – Bacillariophyta (Diatoms) (with the English key for the identification to the genus) Cz. 4/2: Okrzemki pierzaste (Fragilariophyceae, Eunotiophyceae, Achnanthales) Part two: Pennate diatoms - I). In: Flora Zatoki Gdanskiej i wód przyleglych (Baltyk poludniowy). : [1]-167, plus 4 pls, 4 photo.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (Ed.) (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomikh vodorosleyi. Poryadok Pennales [Diatom Analysis. Manual for identification of fossil and modern diatoms. Order Pennales]. Vol. 3 pp. 398, 117 plates. Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoye Izdatel'stvo Geologicheskoy Literatury. [in Russian]

Saunders, K., Lane, C., Cook, S., McMinn, A. & Hallaegraeff, G.M. (2010). Benthic diatoms. In: Algae of Australia. Phytoplankton of temperate waters . (Hallegraeff, G.M., Bolch, C.J.S., Hill, D.R.A., Jameson, I, LeRoi, J.-M., McMinn, A., Murray, S., de Salas, M.F. & Saunders, K. Eds), pp. 83-144. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS; CSIRO Publishing.

Scott, F.J. & Thomas, D.P. (2005). Diatoms. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 13-201. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Toyoda, K., Cox, E.J., Sims, P.A., & Williams, D.M. (2005). The typification of Achnanthes Bory based on Echinella stipitata Lyngbye, with an account of the morphology and fine structure of Lyngbye's species. Diatom Research 20(2): 375-386.

Witkowski, A., Lange-Bertalot, H. & Metzeltin, D. (2000). Diatom flora of marine coasts I. Iconographia Diatomologica 7: 1-925, 219 pls with 4504 figs.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4132 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Guerrini, F., Cangini, M., Boni, L., Trost, P. & Pistocchi, R. (2000). Metabolic responses of the diatom Achnanthes brevipes (Bacillariophyceae) to nutrient limitation. Journal of Phycology 36: 882-890.
Watanuki, T., and Ohno, M. (1975). Cultivation of Antarctic microalgae (2). Isolation and culture of Antarctic diatom Achnanthes brevipes var. intermedia from the bottom sand of the salt lakes at Skarvsnes in Lützow-Holm Bay, Antarctica. . Antarctic Record 54: 94-100. [in Japanese]

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2021.

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