163,959 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,784 images, 63,109 bibliographic items, 484,421 distributional records.

Nitzschia longissima (Brébisson) Ralfs 1861

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Bacillariophycidae
Order Bacillariales
Family Bacillariaceae
Genus Nitzschia


click on thumbnail for larger version.

Nitzschia longissima (Brébisson) Ralfs
Estepona, Malaga province, Spain; Imaged with a Planapo 63x/1.4, DIC, 75 µm length and 8 µm width, stacked and stitched in Photoshop, Marine sample, Alboran Sea.. 28 Jul 2019. Forbes Pettigrew. © Forbes Pettigrew .


Frustulia spicula Amossé

Nitzschia longissima (Brébisson) Ralfs Estepona, Malaga province, Spain; Imaged with a Planapo 63x/1.4, DIC, 75 µm length and 8 µm width, stacked and stitched in Photoshop, Marine sample, Alboran Sea.
© Forbes Pettigrew

Publication details
Nitzschia longissima (Brébisson) Ralfs in Pritchard 1861: 783, pl. 4: fig. 23

Published in: Pritchard, A. (1861). A history of infusoria, including the Desmidiaceae and Diatomaceae, British and foreign. Fourth edition enlarged and revised by J. T. Arlidge, M.B., B.A. Lond.; W. Archer, Esq.; J. Ralfs, M.R.C.S.L.; W. C. Williamson, Esq., F.R.S., and the author. pp. [1]-xii, [1]-968, 40 pls. London: Whittaker and Co..
 Download PDF

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Nitzschia is Nitzschia elongata Hassal.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Ceratoneis longissima Brébisson

Type information
Type locality: in ostreariis Calvadosii [Calvados, Normandy, France; on oysters] (Kützing 1849: 891). Notes: Type probably in Leiden.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very long (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ceratoneis longissima Brébisson 1849
Nitzschiella longissima (Brébisson) Rabenhorst 1864
Homoeocladia longissima (Brébisson) Kuntze 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Nitzschia birostrata W.Smith 1853

Nomenclatural notes
Combination also proposed by Grunow 1862, Ver. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 581, with the same Basionym. (INA) - (11 Nov 2018) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ceratoneis longissima Brébisson)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Nitzschia birostrata W.Smith)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Nitzschia longissima (Brébisson) Ralfs)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Ojeda Rodríguez, Gil-Rodríguez & Moreira-Reyes 2005, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Albania (Miho & Witkowski 2005), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Zotov 2018), Bosnia-Hertzegovina (Hafner, Jasprica & Car 2018), Britain (Hustedt & Aleem 1951, Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996, Whitton & al. 2003), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), France (Germain 1981, Anon. 2017, Hernández Fariñas et al. 2017), France (Breizh) (Guilloux & al. 2013), Greece (Foged 1986), Helgoland (Kraberg & al. 2019), Ireland (Adams 1908), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Spain (Varela 1982, Álvarez Cobelas & Estévez García 1982), Ukraine (Kaczmarska et al. 2007), Venice Lagoon (Tolomio et al. 2002).

North America: Canada (Mather & al. 2010), Gulf of California (Moreno, Licea & Santoyo 1996), Laurentian Great Lakes (Stoermer, Kreis & Andresen 1999), Mexico (López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016), Mexico (Atlantic) (Merino-Virgilio & al. 2013, Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016), Mexico (Pacific) (Torres-Ariño & al. 2019), North Carolina (Hustedt 1955), Nova Scotia (Kim, Garbary & McLachlan 2004), United States of America (Kociolek 2005), Virginia (Makinen & Moisan 2012).

Central America: Gulf of California (Gárate-Lizárraga & al. 2014).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010, Costa et al. 2016), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2010).

Africa: Gambia (Foged 1986), Ghana (Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), South Africa (Giffen 1967).

Middle East: Egypt (Nassar & Khairy 2014, Khairy & al. 2017, Abbass, Madkour & Abu-El-Regal 2018), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016, Al-Saedy & al. 2020), Kuwait (Al-Kandari, Al-Yamani & Al-Rifaie 2009, Al-Kandari & Suburova 2019), Turkey (Balkis 2004, Aysel 2005, Soylu & Gonulol 2006, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Ahmed & al. 2009), India (Gupta & Das 2020), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995, Lee, Choi & Lee 1995, Jeong et al. 2017), Russia (Far East) (Shevchenko & al. 2019), Russia (Sea of Japan) (Gail 1950), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Harper & al. 2012), Tasmania (McMinn & Lee 2018).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Guam (Lobban & al. 2012).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Scott & Thomas 2005).

(as Nitzschiella longissima (Brébisson) Rabenhorst)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Hasle, G.R. & Syvertsen, E.E. (1996). Marine diatoms. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 5-385. San Diego: Academic Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Kennett, D.M. & Hargraves, P.E. (1984). Subtidal benthic diatoms from a stratified estuarine basin. Botanica Marina 27: 169-183.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (Ed.) (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomikh vodorosleyi. Poryadok Pennales [Diatom Analysis. Manual for identification of fossil and modern diatoms. Order Pennales]. Vol. 3 pp. 398, 117 plates. Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoye Izdatel'stvo Geologicheskoy Literatury. [in Russian]

Saunders, K., Lane, C., Cook, S., McMinn, A. & Hallaegraeff, G.M. (2010). Benthic diatoms. In: Algae of Australia. Phytoplankton of temperate waters . (Hallegraeff, G.M., Bolch, C.J.S., Hill, D.R.A., Jameson, I, LeRoi, J.-M., McMinn, A., Murray, S., de Salas, M.F. & Saunders, K. Eds), pp. 83-144. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS; CSIRO Publishing.

Scott, F.J. & Thomas, D.P. (2005). Diatoms. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 13-201. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Witkowski, A., Lange-Bertalot, H. & Metzeltin, D. (2000). Diatom flora of marine coasts I. Iconographia Diatomologica 7: 1-925, 219 pls with 4504 figs.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 June 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4514 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=31041

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio