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Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) Rabenhorst 1853

Publication details
Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) Rabenhorst 1853: 47, pl. 5: fig. 6

Published in: Rabenhorst, L. (1853). Die Süsswasser-Diatomaceen (Bacillarien.): für Freunde der Mikroskopie. pp. [1]-xii, [1]-72, 10 pls. Leipzig: Eduard Kummer.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gyrosigma is Gyrosigma hippocampus Hassall.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Navicula baltica Ehrenberg

Type information
Type locality: Germany: Baltic Sea [Kiel] (Index Nominum Algarum). Type: Ehrenberg; 23.x.1832; (Index Nominum Algarum Notes: Designated neotypes: Texel, Schorren Nature Reserve, 21-IX-1989 (Sterrenburg no. 280). Neotype BM 81615, isoneotypes deposited in ANSP, BRM (Sterrenburg, 1995: 402).

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), pertaining to the Baltic Sea.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Navicula baltica Ehrenberg 1834
Pleurosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) W.Smith 1852
Scalptrum balticum (Ehrenberg) Kuntze 1891

Nomenclatural notes
Several authors, including Kim et al. (2004: 316), cite the authority for this species as (Ehrenberg) Cleve.

Distributional notes
Materials examined: Baltic, West-European continental North Sea coasts, Great Britain, Mauritania, Guinea Bissau, Caribbean islands, Spain, New Zealand, Arabian Gulf, Brazil, Argentina, and fossil material from The Netherlands (Sterrenburg, 1995: 402). - (31 Jul 2019) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Extended species description (Sterrenberg, 1995: 402).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Navicula baltica Ehrenberg)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pleurosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) W.Smith)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Britain (Hendey 1954), Ireland (Adams 1908), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957).

(as Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) Rabenhorst)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Europe: Albania (Miho & Witkowski 2005), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Balycleva & Ryabushko 2017, Zotov 2018), Britain (Hustedt & Aleem 1951, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996, Whitton & al. 2003), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), France (Germain 1981, Méléder et al. 2007 , Fayolle et al. 2016 , Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Rumrich, Lange-Bertalot & Rumrich 2000, Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Hofmann & al. 2018), Greece (Foged 1986), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Poland (Plinski & Witkowski 2020), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Spain (Varela 1982, Álvarez Cobelas & Estévez García 1982), Ukraine (Bukhtiyarova 1999).

North America: Alaska (Foged 1981), Canada (Mather & al. 2010, Mather & al. 2010), Mexico (López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016), Mexico (Atlantic) (Merino-Virgilio & al. 2013, Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016), Mississippi (Sullivan 1981), North Carolina (Hustedt 1955), Nova Scotia (Kim, Garbary & McLachlan 2004), NW USA (Bahls 2009), United States of America (Patrick & Reimer 1966, Kociolek 2005).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2010).

Africa: Gambia (Foged 1986), Senegal (Sow & Diene 2002).

Middle East: Egypt (Zalat 2002, Khairy & al. 2017, Abbass, Madkour & Abu-El-Regal 2018), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013, Al-Saboonchi & Al-Shawi 2016, Al-Saedy & al. 2020), Kuwait (Al-Kandari & Suburova 2019), Turkey (Aysel 2005, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Malaysia (Zong & Hassan 2004 ), Singapore (Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Li & Qi 2010, Cheng & Gao 2013), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013, John 2018), New Zealand (Harper & al. 2012), Queensland (Day & al. 1995).

Key references
Al-Handal, A.Y. & Al-Shaheen, M.A. (2019). Diatoms in the wetlands of Southern Iraq. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 67: [1]-252, incl. 62 pls (652 figs), 1 map.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

John, J. (2020). Diatoms from arid Australia: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 3. pp. [1]-578, 341 figs. Schmitten – Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Kennett, D.M. & Hargraves, P.E. (1984). Subtidal benthic diatoms from a stratified estuarine basin. Botanica Marina 27: 169-183.

Kim, K.Y., Garbary D.J. & McLachlan, J.L. (2004). Phytoplankton dynamics in Pomquet Harbour, Nova Scotia: a lagoon in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Phycologia 43: 311-328.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Bacillariophyceae 1 Teil: Naviculaceae. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Begründet von A. Pascher. Herausgegeben von. H. Ettl, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig & D. Mollenhauer. Band 2/1. pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-876, 206 pls with 2976 figures. Stuttgart & New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (1986). Bacillariophyceae 1 Teil: Naviculaceae. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Begründet von A. Pascher. Herausgegeben von. H. Ettl, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig & D. Mollenhauer. Band 2/1. pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-876, 206 pls with 2976 figures. Stuttgart & New York: Gustav Fischer Verlag.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Plinski, M. & Witkowski, A. (2020). Diatoms from the Gulf of Gdansk and surrounding waters (the southern Baltic Sea). pp. [1]-442, incl. 31 SEM pls, 16 photo pls. Gdansk: Gdansk University Press.

Proshkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (Ed.) (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomikh vodorosleyi. Poryadok Pennales [Diatom Analysis. Manual for identification of fossil and modern diatoms. Order Pennales]. Vol. 3 pp. 398, 117 plates. Moscow & Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoye Izdatel'stvo Geologicheskoy Literatury. [in Russian]

Reid, G. & Williams, D.M. (2003). Systematics of the Gyrosigma balticum complex (Bacillariophyta), including three new species. Phycological Research 51(2): 126-142.

Saunders, K., Lane, C., Cook, S., McMinn, A. & Hallaegraeff, G.M. (2010). Benthic diatoms. In: Algae of Australia. Phytoplankton of temperate waters . (Hallegraeff, G.M., Bolch, C.J.S., Hill, D.R.A., Jameson, I, LeRoi, J.-M., McMinn, A., Murray, S., de Salas, M.F. & Saunders, K. Eds), pp. 83-144. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS; CSIRO Publishing.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Sterrenburg, F.A.S. (1995). Studies on the genera Gyrosigma and Pleurosigma (Bacillariophyceae) Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) Rabenhorst, G. pensacolae sp. n. and simulacrum species. Botanica Marina 38(5): 401-408, 20 figs.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 June 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2626 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Jönsson, B., Sundbäck, K. & Nilsson, C. (1994). An upright life-form of an epipelic motile diatom: on the behaviour of Gyrosigma balticum. European Journal of Phycology 29: 11-15, 5 figs.
Reid, G. & Williams, D.M. (2003). Systematics of the Gyrosigma balticum complex (Bacillariophyta), including three new species. Phycological Research 51(2): 126-142.
Sterrenburg, F.A.S. (1995). Studies on the genera Gyrosigma and Pleurosigma (Bacillariophyceae) Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenberg) Rabenhorst, G. pensacolae sp. n. and simulacrum species. Botanica Marina 38(5): 401-408, 20 figs.
Stidolph, S.R. (1981). Gyrosigma balticum var. turgidum, a new diatom variety from Poriria Harbour, North Island, New Zealand. New Zeland Journal of Botany 19: 405.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 July 2021.

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