157,003 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,048 images, 60,698 bibliographic items, 451,449 distributional records.

Craticula halophila (Grunow) D.G.Mann

Publication details
Craticula halophila (Grunow) D.G.Mann in Round, R.M.Crawford & D.G.Mann 1990: 666

Published in: Round, F.E., Crawford, R.M. & Mann, D.G. (1990). The diatoms biology and morphology of the genera. pp. [i-ix], 1-747. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Craticula is Craticula perrotettii Grunow.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Navicula cuspidata var. halophila Grunow

Type information
Type locality: Belgium: Blankenberghe (Silva 1996-to date).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Navicula cuspidata var. halophila Grunow 1885
Navicula halophila (Grunow) Cleve 1894
Schizonema halophilum (Grunow) Kuntze 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Navicula halophila var. minuta R.d'Aubert 1920
Navicula halophila f. minor Hustedt 1927
Navicula halophila f. robusta Hustedt 1959
Craticula halophila f. robusta (Hustedt) Czarnecki 1994

Habitat notes
Living in brackish waters, salt springs and in standing waters with a high to very high electrolyte content - (5 Jun 2010) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Souffreau et al. (2010) have collected this species from a terrestrial habitat. - (25 Aug 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Navicula cuspidata var. halophila Grunow)
Europe: Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Navicula halophila (Grunow) Cleve)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986), Czech Republic (Hasler, Handák & Handákova 2007, Lysáková, Kitner & Poulícková 2007), France (Germain 1981, Anon. 2017), Germany (Reichardt 1984, Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Rumrich, Lange-Bertalot & Rumrich 2000, Mauch & Schmedtje 2003), Hungary (Németh 2005), Ireland (Foged 1977, Wolnik & Carter 2014), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Varela 1982, Álvarez Cobelas & Estévez García 1982, Aboal & Llimona 1984, Aboal 1996), Turkey (Europe) (Ersanli & Gönülol 2006).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Anon. 2011), Iceland (Foged 1974).

North America: Great Lakes (Stoermer, Kreis & Andresen 1999), Texas (TX) (Eberle 1982), United States of America (Patrick & Reimer 1966, Kociolek 2005, Eberle 2008).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Comas González 2009).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Colombia (Vélez et al. 2005).

Africa: Gambia (Foged 1986), Ghana (Foged 1966), South Africa (Giffen 1967).

South-west Asia: Iran (Jamaloo et al.. 2006, Ramzannejad Ghadi 2008, Bagheri & Ramzannejad Ghadi 2008), Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Liu 2008), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

South-east Asia: Malaysia (Zong & Hassan 2004), Thailand (Foged 1972).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995), Queensland (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995), Western Australia (Day et al. 1995).

(as Navicula halophila f. robusta Hustedt)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015).

North America: Texas (TX) (Eberle 1982), United States of America (Eberle 2008).

Africa: Gambia (Foged 1986).

South-west Asia: India (Gandhi 1998).

(as Craticula halophila (Grunow) D.G.Mann)
Europe: Albania (Miho & Witkowski 2005, Somogyi et al. 2013), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Belgium (Souffreau et al. 2010 ), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Sims 1996, Whitton et al. 2003), France (Bertrand et al. 2015, Anon. 2017), Germany (Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016, Hofmann et al. 2018), Ireland (Wolnik & Carter 2014), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Poland (Bąk et al. 2012), Romania (Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Spain (Aboal, Puig & Soler 1996, Aboal 1996, Aboal, Puig & Prefasi 1998, Ros, Marín-Murcia & Aboal 2009), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005), Ukraine (Bukhtiyarova 1999, Kryvosheia & Kapustin 2019).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Gonçalves, Marques & Fonseca 2010), Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Iceland (Scholz & Einarsson 2015).

North America: Arkansas (AR) (Smith 2010), Great Lakes (Stoermer, Kreis & Andresen 1999), Idaho (ID) (Bahls 2006), Mexico (Novelo 2012), Mexico (Caribbean) (Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016), Montana (MT) (Bahls 2006), North Dakota (ND) (Bahls 2006), NW USA (Bahls 2009), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995), South Dakota (SD) (Bahls 2006), United States of America (Eberle 2008), Wyoming (WY) (Bahls 2006).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça et al. 2010), Colombia (Montoya-Moreno et al. 2013).

Africa: Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) (N’Guessan et al. 2018), Ghana (Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015).

South-west Asia: Israel (Tsarenko et al. 2000, Barinova & Tavassi 2009, Barinova, Yeuda & Nevo 2010, Barinova et al. 2004), Turkey (Asia) (Ersnali & Gonulol 2007).

Asia: China (Li & Qi 2018), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014, Medvedeva & Nikulina 2019), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015, Niyatbekov & Barinova 2018), Turkey (Asia) (Varol & Sen 2014).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham et al. 2011).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Harper et al. 2012), Queensland (Bostock & Holland 2010), Tasmania (John 2018).

(as Craticula halophila f. robusta (Hustedt) Czarnecki)
Europe: Britain (Whitton et al. 2003), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005).

North America: United States of America (Eberle 2008).

Key references
Aboal, M., Álvarez Cobelas, M., Cambra, J. & Ector, L. (2003). Floristic list of non-marine diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) of Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. Updated taxonomy and bibliography. Diatom Monographs 4: 1-639.

Bąk, M., Witkowski, A., Zelazna-Wieczorek, J., Wojtal, A.Z., Szczepocka , E., Szulc, A. & Szulc, B. (2012). Klucz do oznaczania okrzemek w fitobentosie na potrzeby oceny stanu ekologicznego wód powierzchniowych w Polsce Biblioteka Monitoringu Srodowiska. pp. 1-452. Warszawa [Warsaw]: Glowny Inspektorat Ochrony Srodowiska.

Beauger, A., Wetzel, C.E., Voldoire, O., Garreau, A. & Ector, L. (2017). Morphology and ecology of Craticula lecohui sp. nov. (Bacillariophyceae) from hydrothermal springs (Puy-de-Dôme, Massif Central, France and comparison with similar Craticula species. Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 146: 7-22, 30 figs.

Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Lange-Bertalot, H. (2013). Diatomeen im Süßwasser—Benthos von Mitteleuropa. Bestimmungsflora Kieselalgen für die ökologische Praxis. Über 700 der häufigsten Arten und ihre Ökologie. pp. [1]-908, 133 pls. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

John, J. (2018). Diatoms from Tasmania: taxonomy and biogeography. The diatom flora of Australia Volume 2. pp. [1]-656, 351 figs. Schmitten - Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Lange-Bertalot, H. (2001). Navicula sensu stricto. 10 Genera separated from Navicula sensu lato. Frustulia. Diatoms of Europe: diatoms of the European inland waters and comparable habitats. Vol. 2 pp. 1-526, 140 pls. Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag. K.G.

Lange-Bertalot, H., Hofmann, G., Werum, M. & Cantonati, M. (2017). Freshwater benthic diatoms of Central Europe: over 800 common species used in ecological assessments. English edition with updated taxonomy and added species (Cantonati, M. et al. eds). pp. [1]-942, 135 pls. Schmitten-Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Li Jiaying & Qi Yuzao [Li, J.Y. & Qi, Y.Z.] (2018). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus XXIII Bacillariophyta Naviculaceae (III). pp. [1-8], i-xxiii, 1-214, pls I-XLVIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Saunders, K., Lane, C., Cook, S., McMinn, A. & Hallaegraeff, G.M. (2010). Benthic diatoms. In: Algae of Australia. Phytoplankton of temperate waters . (Hallegraeff, G.M., Bolch, C.J.S., Hill, D.R.A., Jameson, I, LeRoi, J.-M., McMinn, A., Murray, S., de Salas, M.F. & Saunders, K. Eds), pp. 83-144. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS; CSIRO Publishing.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 23 January 2019 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 December 2019.

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