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Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Foslie 1900

Publication details
Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Foslie 1900: 19

Published in: Foslie, M. (1900). Revised systematical survey of the Melobesieae. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1900(5): 1-22.
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Publication date: between 26.vi.1900 and 31.xii.1900

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion orbiculatum Foslie

Type information
Lectotype locality: Kristiansund, Norway (Chamberlain & Irvine 1994: 84). Lectotype: Ekman, ex Herb. Areschoug (S); TRH A6-285 (Woelkerling & al. 2005: 56). Notes: Lectotype locality fide Adey & Lebednik, 1967: 21 and Woelkerling, 1993: 164 (Silva et al. 1996: 249). "Ekman; [Norway]; Kristiansund; [no habitat data]; [no date]; slide 207; ex herb. Aresch. Riksmus. Stockholm [S]; pfa: Foslie 1895a, pl. 22, fig. 10; [Note: Lectotype of Lithothamnion orbiculatum Foslie. Additional data — Chamberlain, Irvine & Waker 1991: 150, and Woelkerling 1993: 164 (who mistakenly lists collector as ‘Eckman’). Box marked ‘største stk. af ekspl. tilbagesendt Riksmus. Stholm [= largest piece of specimen returned to Riksmuseum Stockholm (S)]’. No collection date is on box, but protologue indicates sample was collected in 1855. Collection includes annotation slip from M. Lemoine dated 'iii.1984' that reads: 'the anatomy of this specimen is not like that of "Lpm. orbiculatum” as described by Adey 1966 (Hydrobiologia XXVII). Foslie’s plant is more like Lpm. incrustans Philippi’];" Woelkering et al. (2005: 56)

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), orbicular (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion orbiculatum Foslie 1895
Pseudolithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine 1929
Crodelia orbiculata (Foslie) Kylin 1956

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Goniolithon subtenellum Foslie 1899
Lithothamnion subtenellum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine 1915

Taxonomic notes
According to Chamberlain and Irvine, 1994, this species is a synonym of Lithophyllum crouaniorum [as crouanii] Foslie.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Predominantly a species of mid- to higher-shore pools and gullies; found only on hard rocks; purple plants in shady places such as rock overhangs (Chamberlain et al. 1991: 161).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Foslie)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John & al. 2004), Salvage Islands (John & al. 2004).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Britain (Newton 1931, Irvine & Chamberlain 1994, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2015), Channel Islands (Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Helgoland (Kornmann & Sahling 1983, Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Guiry 1978, Chamberlain & Irvine 1994, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012), Italy (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Araújo & al. 2009, Lugilde & al. 2016), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Rodríguez-Prieto & Polo, L. 1996, Babbini & Bressan 1997, Rodriguez-Prieto & Polo Albertí 1998, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Bárbara & al. 2005, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Lugilde & al. 2016), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1944).

Africa: Algeria (Babbini & Bressan 1997).

Middle East: Turkey (Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015).

(as Lithothamnion subtenellum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine)
Europe: France (Feldmann 1939, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Spain (Gallardo & al. 1985).

Africa: Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

(as Pseudolithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine)
Europe: Portugal (Ardré 1970).

(as Crodelia orbiculata (Foslie) Kylin)
Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Levring 1974).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1991). A redescription of Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles and a reassessment of generic delimitation in the Lithophylloideae. British Phycological Journal 26: 149-167, 43 figs, 1 table.

Figueroa, R.I., Garcés, E., Massana, R. & Camp, J. (2008). Description, Host-specificity, and Strain Selectivity of the Dinoflagellate Parasite Parvilucifera sinerae sp. nov. (Perkinzoa). Protist 153: 563-578.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Created: 17 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4776 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1988). A redescription of Lithophyllum crouanii (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles with an assessment of its relationship to L. orbiculatum. British Phycological Journal 23: 177-192.
Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1991). A redescription of Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles and a reassessment of generic delimitation in the Lithophylloideae. British Phycological Journal 26: 149-167, 43 figs, 1 table.
Lemoine, Mme P. [=M.] (1929). Sur la présence de Lithophyllum orbiculatum Fosl. dans la Manche et son attributin au genre Pseudolithophyllum. Revue Algologique 4: 1-6, 2 figs, Plate I.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 October 2021.

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