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Alexandrium lusitanicum Balech 1985

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Pyrophacaceae
Genus Alexandrium

 

Publication details
Alexandrium lusitanicum Balech in D.M.Anderson, A.W.White & D.G.Baden 1985: 37, fig. 16

Published in: Fukuyo, Y., Yoshida, K. & Inoue, H. (1985). Protogonyaulax in Japanese coastal waters. In: Toxic dinoflagellates. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellates, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada, June 8-12, 1985. (Anderson, D.M., White, A.W. & Baden, D.G. Eds), pp. 27-32. New York, Amsterdam, Oxford: Elsevier.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alexandrium is Alexandrium minutum Halim.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Alexandrium minutum Halim

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), belonging to Lusitania (western Spain; modern Portugal and parts of the Spanish provinces of Estremadura and Toledo) (Lewis & Short 1890).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Balech (1995: 27) regards this species as a currently accepted name and distince from Alexandrium minutum.

According to Costas et al. (1995: 806), their immunological detection, lectin binding patterns, and Lsu RNA sequencing results suggest that A. minutum and A. lusitanicum are the same genospecies and they propose that A. minutum and A. lusitanicum be considered synonymous. Leaw et al. (2005: 560) note that Hansen et al. (2003) suggested conspecificity among Alexandrium minutum, A. lusitanicum and A.angustitabulatum. According to McCauley et al. (2009: 461), their sequencing and microsatellite data provide no distinction between A. lusitanicum and A. minutum supporting the reclassification of A. lusitanicumas A. minutum, as was noted by Lilly et al. (2005). - (5 Feb 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Portugal (Index Nominum Algarum).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Costas, E., Zardoya, R., Bautista, J., Garrido, A., Rojo, C. & López-Rodas, V. (1995). Morphospecies vs. genospecies in toxic marine dinoflagellates: an analysis of Gymnodinium catenatum/Gyrodinium impudicum and Alexandrium minutum/A. lusitanicum using antibodies, lectins, and gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 31: 801-807, 1 fig, 5 tables.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

McCauley, L.A.R., Erdner, D.L., Nagai, S., Richlen, M.L. & Anderson, D.M. (2009). Biogeographic analysis of the globally distributed harmful algal bloom species Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) on rRNA gene sequences and microsatellite markers. Journal of Phycology 45(2): 454-463, 3 figs, 1 table.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 December 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1253 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Costas, E., Zardoya, R., Bautista, J., Garrido, A., Rojo, C. & López-Rodas, V. (1995). Morphospecies vs. genospecies in toxic marine dinoflagellates: an analysis of Gymnodinium catenatum/Gyrodinium impudicum and Alexandrium minutum/A. lusitanicum using antibodies, lectins, and gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 31: 801-807, 1 fig, 5 tables.
Plumley, F.G., Wei, Z., Toivanen, T.B., Doucette, G.J. & Franca, S. (1999). Tn5 mutagenesis of Pseudomonas stutzeri SF/PS, a bacterium associated with Alexandrium lusitanicum (Dinophyceae) and paralytic shellfish poisoning. Journal of Phycology 35: 1390-1396.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=40295

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 08 August 2020.

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