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Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie 1904

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithophyllaceae
Subfamily Lithophylloideae
Tribe Lithophylleae
Genus Lithophyllum


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Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 01 Jan 0001. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
conceptacles; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Arosa, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
Near Kearney, Co.Down, Northern ireland. Grid ref. J6551. Coll 9th May 1977. Coll. O.Morton; det Y.M. Chamberlain; May 1978. Epiphytic on Mastocarpus stellatus in a large pool 20 feet or more across and no more than 1 foot deep among boulders and s. Osborne Morton. © Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk).

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).


Polysiphonia pentamera Hollenberg

Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie Hawaii; scale is 5 mm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie 1904: 8

Published in: Foslie, M. (1904). Algologiske notiser. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1904(2): 1-9.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli

Melobesia pustulata J.V.Lamouroux

Type information
Type locality: France (Silva & al. 1996: 274). Lectotype: CN (Herb. Lamouroux) unnumbered (Womersley 1996: 229). Notes: Designated by Woelkerling, Chamberlain & Silva (1985: 325).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), having pustules (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia verrucata J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Melobesia hapalidioides P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867
Lithophyllum hapalidioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Hariot 1889
Lithothamnion adplicitum Foslie 1897
Dermatolithon hapalidioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Foslie 1898
Melobesia caspica Foslie 1899
Litholepis caspica (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum adplicitum (Foslie) L.Newton 1931
Dermatolithon caspicum (Foslie) Zaberzhinskaya 1967
Tenarea caspica (Foslie) W.H.Adey 1970
Tenarea hapalidioides (P.L.Crouan& H.M.Crouan) W.H.Adey & P.J.Adey 1973
Titanoderma hapalidioides (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) J.H.Price, D.M.John & G.W.Lawson 1986
Titanoderma caspicum (Foslie) Woelkerling 1986

Taxonomic notes
A number of varieties are recognised by Irvine & Chamberlain (1994). Woelkerling & Campbell (1992) include Titanoderma in Lithophyllum but the genus is maintained by Irvine & Chamberlain (1994, p. 89). John et al. (2004) cite Dermatolithon hapalidioides (P. Crouan & H. Crouan Foslie, Dermatolithon nephalidioides (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) Foslie, Dermatolithon pustulatum (J.V. Lamour.) Foslie, Lithophyllum hapalidioides (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) Foslie var. confinis (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) Foslie, Melobesia pustulatum J.V. Lamour, Titanoderma confine (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) J.H. Price , D.M. John & G.W. Lawson and Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V. Lamour.) Woelk. et al. as synonyms of this species. According to Womersley (1996: 227), Titanoderma pustulata (Lamouroux) Nägeli 1858 is a synonym of Lithophyllum pustulatum.

Distributional notes
According to Womersley (1996) this species is widespread, but he notes that many published records involve misidentifications; see Chamberlain (1991) and Woelkerling & Campbell (1992).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Found in intertidal rocky pools and at depths of 0-5 m on rock, sponges, abalone shells, snails, and on various brown and red algae including Ecklonia, Hormosira, Scaberia, Callophyllis and Pterocladia (Woelkerling & Campbell 1992: 82).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Nägeli, C. & Cramer, C. (1858). Die Stärkekörner: Morphologische, physiologische, chemisch-physicalische und systematisch-botanische Monographie. Pflanzenphysiologische Untersuchungen. 2. Heft. pp. [i]-x, [1]-623, pls XI-XXVI. Zürich: bei Fredrich Schultness.

Key references
Chamberlain, Y.M. & Irvine, L.M. (1994). Lithophylloideae Setchell. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles...Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2B. Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. (Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. Eds), pp. 58-112. London: HMSO.

Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1991). A redescription of Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles and a reassessment of generic delimitation in the Lithophylloideae. British Phycological Journal 26: 149-167, 43 figs, 1 table.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Wilks, K.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1991). Southern Australian species of Melobesia (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 30: 507-533, 37 figs, 2 tables.

Woelkerling, W.J. & Campbell, S.J. (1992). An account of the southern Australian species of Lithophyllum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany 22: 1-107, 63 figs, 13 tables, 4 maps.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [1]-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study with assistance from the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 17 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3715 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bailey, J.C. (1999). Phylogenetic positions of Lithophyllum incrustans and Titanoderma pustulatum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on 18S rRNA gene sequence analyses, with a revised classification of the Lithophylloideae. Phycologia 38: 208-216, 2 figs, 4 tables.
Fredriksen, S., Sørlie, A.C. & Kjøsterud, A.-B. (1995). Titanoderma pustulatum (Lamouroux) Nägeli and Lithophyllum crouanii Foslie (corallinales, Rhodophyta): two common epiphytes on Laminaria hyperborea (Gunnerus) Foslie stipes in Norway. Sarsia 80: 41-46, 14 figs, 2 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2021.

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