162,343 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,760 images, 63,965 bibliographic items, 474,946 distributional records.

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh 1847

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa

Pictures

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Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
Ashmore Reef, Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh
Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

 

Halymenia palmata (Linnaeus) C.Agardh

Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh 1847: 6

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1847). Nya alger från Mexico. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Adademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm 4: 5-17.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: not specified (West Indies) (Silva & al. 1996: 848). Notes: Silva et al. recommend consulting J. Agardh (1873: 7) for further information regarding the type of this locality. According to Skelton & South (2004:301) the type locality is probably West Indies.

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Charoideae (J. Agardh ex De Toni) Draisma, Prudhomme, Sauvage & G. belton Section Charoideae J. Agardh ex De Toni

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), verticillate, whorled (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Stephanocoelium verticillatum (J.Agardh) Kützing 1857

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Caulerpa verticillata J.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Cape Verde Islands (John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960, Famà, Wysor, Kooistra & Zuccarello 2002, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Taylor 1972).

Central America: Belize (Norris & Bucher 1982, Littler & Littler 1997), Mexico (Pacific) (Pedroche & al. 2005), Panama (Wysor & Kooistra 2003).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Cabrera, Moreira & Suárez 2004, Suárez 2005, Gonzáles & al. 2014, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014, Torres Conde & Martínez-Daranas 2019, Cabrera & al. 2020), Curaçao (Fricke & al. 2018), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Netherlands Antilles (Taylor 1960), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015, van der Loos & al. 2017), Trinidad (Richardson 1975), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1931, Taylor 1960, Oliveira Filho 1977, Villaca et al. 2010, Moura 2010), Colombia (Schnetter 1969), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996, Vieira & al. 2021), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Maldives (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Gupta 2012, Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996, Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva & al. 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Silva & al. 1996), Myanmar (Burma) (Soe-Htun & al. 2009), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Trono 1997, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983, Silva & al. 1996, Pham & al. 2011), Thailand (Silva & al. 1996, Hodgson et al. 2004, Coppejans & al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Hodgson et al. 2004, Tien 2007, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014), Japan (Okamura 1936, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), New South Wales (Millar & Kraft 1994), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & al. 2001), Queensland (Lewis 1987, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman & al. 2009, Belton, Huisman & Gurgel 2015).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: American Samoa (Skelton & al. 2004), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott & Huisman, 2004, Hodgson et al. 2004), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950), New Caledonia (Payri 2007), Republic of Palau (Ohba & al. 2007), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

Key references
Belton, G.S., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2015). Caulerpaceae. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 75-102. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Draisma, S.G.A., van Reine, W.F.P., Sauvage, T., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, C.F.D., Lim, P.E. & Phang, S.M. (2014). A re-assessment of the infra-generic classification of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta) inferred from a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny. Journal of Phycology 50(6): 1020-1034.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Hodgson, L.M. Pham Huu Tri, Lewmanomont, K. & McDermid, K.J. (2004). Annotated checklist of species of Caulerpa and Caulerpella (Bryopsidales, Caulerpaceae) from Vietnam, Thailand and the Hawaiian Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 21-38.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Littler, D.S. & Littler, M.M. (1997). An illustrated flora of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 9: 1-149, 190 figs.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2004). New records and notes on marine benthic algae of American Samoa - Chlorophyta & Phaeophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 25: 291-312.

Stam, W.T., Olsen, J.L., Zaleski, S.F., Murray, S.N., Brown, K.R. & Walters, L.J. (2006). A forensic and phylogenetic survey of Caulerpa species (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from the Florida coast, local aquarium shops, and e-commerce: establishing a proactive baseline for early detection. Journal of Phycology 42: 1113-1124.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Svedelius, N. (1906). Reports on the marine algae of Ceylon. No. 1. Ecological and systematic studies of the Ceylon species of Caulerpa. Ceylon Marine Biological Laboratory Reports 2(4): 81-144, 51 figs.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Created: 30 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5819 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Srinivasan, K.S. (1964). Occurrence of Caulerpa verticillata J. Ag. in India. Science and Culture 30: 240-241, 1 fig..
Thivy, F. & Visalakshmi, V. (1963). A new record of Caulerpa verticillata J. Ag. forma typica, for India. Botanica Marina 5: 29-32, 2 plates.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 July 2021.

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