163,282 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,920 bibliographic items, 478,454 distributional records.

Halimeda simulans M.Howe 1907

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Halimedaceae
Genus Halimeda


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Halimeda simulans M.Howe
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Halimeda simulans M.Howe
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1.5 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Halimeda simulans M.Howe
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the shade. 15 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Halimeda simulans M.Howe
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the shade. 25 Oct 1995. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Halimeda simulans M.Howe
1, 4, 5. Habit (in aquarium). 2. Medullary filament bearing utricles. 3. Surface view of outermost utricles after decalcification. Okinawa Island, Japan.. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).


Ceramium circinatum f. inferne-corticatum Lakowitz

Halimeda simulans M.Howe Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the shade
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Halimeda simulans M.Howe 1907: 503-504, pl. 29

Published in: Howe, M.A. (1907). Phycological studies - III. Further notes on Halimeda and Avrainvillea. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 34: 491-516, Plates 25-30.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Halimeda is Halimeda tuna (J.Ellis & Solander) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Isla de Culebra, Puerto Rico (Silva & al. 1996: 872).

Origin of species name
Participle B (Latin), imitating, resembling (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Halimeda incrassata var. simulans (M.Howe) Børgesen 1911

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Halimeda simulans M.Howe)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1928, Taylor 1960, Verbruggen et al 2005), Mexico (Verbruggen et al 2005, Pedroche & Sentíes 2020).

Central America: Belize (Taylor 1960, Littler & Littler 1997), Panama (Taylor 1960, Wysor & Kooistra 2003, Verbruggen et al 2005).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014, Cabrera & al. 2020), Curaçao (Fricke & al. 2018), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960, Verbruggen et al 2005), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969, Verbruggen et al 2005), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1960, Moura 2010, Ximenes & al. 2017), Colombia (Taylor 1960, Schnetter 1969, Verbruggen et al 2005).

Africa: Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Eastern Indian Ocean (Silva & al. 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Sahoo et al. 2001, Gupta 2012).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva & al. 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Trono 1997, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Japan (Yoshida 1998, Titlyanov & Titlyanova 2012), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Lewis 1987, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Republic of Palau (Ohba & al. 2007), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Hillis-Colinvaux, L. (1980). Ecology and taxonomy of Halimeda: primary producer of coral reefs. Advances in Marine Biology 17: 1-327, 104 figs, XXXIV tables.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Verbruggen, H., De Clerck, O., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Coppejans, E. (2005). Molecular and morphometric data pinpoint species boundaries in Halimeda section Rhipsalis (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 606-621.

Created: 30 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 September 2021.

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