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Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber 1998

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus

Pictures

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Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Poland, Klewiny village, farm pond, 10 May 2020. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Poland, Klewiny village, farm pond, 10 May 2020. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Collected by Paul Gainey, Enys Estate, Penryn, Cornwall, UK. 15 Dec 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Collected by Paul Gainey, Enys Estate, Penryn, Cornwall, UK. 15 Dec 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Collected by Paul Gainey, Enys Estate, Penryn, Cornwall, UK. 15 Dec 2015. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; pond, 1000x, DIC. 06 Dec 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC. 04 Apr 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; ditch, 1000x, DIC. 09 Nov 2010. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Sargassum taiwanicum C.KTseng & B.Lu

Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber Collected by Paul Gainey, Enys Estate, Penryn, Cornwall, UK
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter at 6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber 1998: 246

Published in: Kusber, W.-H. (1998). A study on Phacus smulkowkianus (Euglenophyceae) - a rarely reported taxon found in waters of the Botanic Garden Berlin-Dahlem. Willdenowia 28: 239-247.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Euglena smulkowskiana Zakryś

Type information
Type locality: Poland: Swierczek near Szydlowiec (Index Nominum Algarum). Lectotype: fig. 6 in Zakrys 1986: Epitype: fig. 1, d-f (cells in resin, for EM, from strain ACOI 1226), Warsaw (epitype) Herbarium of the Biology Faculty at the University of Warsaw cells in resin, for EM (from strain ACOI 1226) (Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010: 179). Notes: Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. (2020:1149) note that the epitypification statement published in Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010(p. 179) does not include the phrase "designated here". They designate the epitype: Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. 2010, fig. 1e in their 2020 publication. GenBank DQ249881.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Euglena smulkowskiana Zakryś 1986

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phacus similis H.R.Christen 1962
Phacus similis f. minor Bourrelly & Couté 1978

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Diagnosis emended by Zakrys & Karnkowska in Karnkowska-Ishikawa et al. (2010: 179).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phacus similis H.R.Christen)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Poland (Wołowski 1998).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Ahmed & al. 2009).

(as Phacus similis f. minor Bourrelly & Couté)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Euglena smulkowskiana Zakryś)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Poland (Zakrys 1986).

(as Phacus smulkowskianus (Zakryś) W.-H.Kusber)
Europe: Britain (John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Germany (Kusber 1998), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Poland (Wołowski et al. 2016).

North America: Tennessee (Wołowski, Poniewozik & Walne 2013).

Key references
Karnkowska-Ishikawa, A., Milanowski, R., Kwiatowski, J. & Zakrys, B. (2010). Taxonomy of the Phacus oscillans (Euglenaceae) and its close relatives - balancing morphological and molecular features. Journal of Phycology 46(1): 172-182.

Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Fells, A., Chaber, K., Milanowski, R. & Zakrys, B. (2020). Taxon-rich phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Phacus (Euglenida) based on morphological and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 56(5): 1135-1156.

Wołowski, K. (2011). Euglenophyta (Euglenoids). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 181-239. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wołowski, K., Poniewozik, M. & Walne, P.L. (2013). Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Botanical Journal 58(2): 659-685.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 836 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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