Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm, Frankel, Goericke, Olson, Palenik, Waterbury, West-Johnsrud & Zettler ex Komárek et al. 2020

Publication Details
Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm, Frankel, Goericke, Olson, Palenik, Waterbury, West-Johnsrud & Zettler ex Komárek et al. 2020: 178,179

Published in: Komárek, J., Johansen, J.R., Smarda, J. & Strunecky, O. (2020). Phylogeny and taxonomy of Synechococcus-like cyanobacteria. Fottea 20(2): 171-191, 6 figures.

Publication date: 2020

Type Species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Prochlorococcus.

Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type Information
Type locality: Sargasso Sea, Atlantic Ocean; (Chisholm & al. 1992: 299) Type: B. Palenik; v.1988; 120 m; (Chisholm & al. 1992: 299) Notes: Type strain CCMP-1375 (Center for the Culture of Marine Phytoplankton, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, West Boothbay Harbor, Maine, USA). Holotype (designated by Komárek et al., 2020: 179): CBFS A-122-1, herbarium material preserved by drying biomass of the strain MIT 9313, deposited at Herb. Univ. South Bohemia. Additional strains: Prochlorococcus marinus CCMP-1375, CCMP-1378. The reference strains for this species (upon which the holotype is based) were isolated from the Sargasso Sea in May 1988 (28°58.9'N, 64°21.5'W).

Origin of Species Name
Adjective (Latin), growing in the sea (Stearn 1973).

General Environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cells are 0.6 to 0.8 µm in diameter and 1.2 to 1.6 µm in length just prior to division. In addition to divinyl chlorophylls a and b, contains zeaxanthin, ß-carotene, an unidentified carotenoid, and a chlorophyll c-like pigment possibly Mg 3,8-divinylpheoporphyrin a5.

Habitat
Occurs at high cell concentrations in the euphoric zone of the open oceans. In the temperate oceans its distribution and abundance follow seasonal patterns.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry.

Last updated: 14 January 2022

Verification of Data
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Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=46952

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 14 January 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 04 March 2024

 
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