161,464 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,723 images, 62,912 bibliographic items, 473,550 distributional records.

Spirulina platensis (Gomont) Geitler 1925

Publication details
Spirulina platensis (Gomont) Geitler 1925: 344

Published in: Geitler, L. (1925). Cyanophyceae. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. (Pascher, A. Eds) Vol.12, pp. 1-450. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Spirulina is Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Arthrospira platensis Gomont

Basionym
Spirulina jenneri var. platensis Nordstedt

Type information
Type locality: Montevideo, Uruguay (Silva & al. 1996: 46). Type: J. Arechavaleta; 6.iii. 1884 (?); (Index Nominum Algarum Notes: LD (Silva et al. 1996: 46).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
Insulin-like antigen detected in Spirulina platensis S-5, Spirulana NCCU-482 and Spirulina NCCU-483 (Khursheed et al. 2012). - (10 Sep 2012) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Cvijan, M. & Blazencic, J. (1996). Flora algi Srbije. Tom 1. Cyanophyta. pp. [i]-vi, [4], [1]-290, 204 figs. Beograd: Naucna knjiga. [in Serbian]

Wang, Z.P. & Zhao, Y. (2005). Morphological reversion of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis (Cyanophyta): from linear to helical. Journal of Phycology 41: 622-628.

Yi, P., Zhao, Y.-J. & Guo, H.-I (2005). Induction of vacuolated spheroplasts and isolation of vacuoles in cyanobacteria (Note). Journal of Phycology 41: 366-369.

Created: 02 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 September 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 11983 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aiba, S. & Ogawa, T. (1977). Assessment of growth yield of a blue-green alga, Spirulina platensis, in axenic and continuous culture. Journal of General Microbiology 102: 179-182.
Babu, T.S., Kumar, A. & Varma, A.K. (1991). Effect of light quality on phycobilisome components of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Plant Physiol 95(2): 492-497.
Baldia, S.F., Nishijima, T., Hata, Y. & Fukami, K. (1991). Growth characteristics of a blue-green alga Spirulina platensis for Nitrogen utilization. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 57(4): 645-654.
Carvalho, J.C.M., Francisco, F.R., Almeida, K.A., Sato, S. & Converti, A. (2004). Cultivation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis (Cyanophyceae) by fed-batch addition of ammonium chloride at exponentially increasing feeding rates . Journal of Phycology 40: 589-597.
El-Bestawy, E., Bellinger, E.G. & Sigee, D.C. (1996). Elemental composition of phytoplankton in a subtropical lake: X-ray microanalytical studies on the dominant algae Spirulina platensis (Cyanophyta) and Cyclotella meneghiniana (Bacillariophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 31: 157-166, 9 figs, 6 tables.
Gantar, M., Obreht, Z. & Dalmacija, B. (1991). Nutrient removal and algal succession during the growth of Spirulina platensis and Scenedesmus quadricauda on swine wastewater. Bioresource Technol 36(2): 167-171.
Gao, K., Li., P., Watanabe, T. & Helbling, E.W. (2008). Combined effects of ultraviolet radiation and temperature on morphology, photosynthesis, and DNA of Arthrospira (Spirulina) Platensis (Cyanophyta). Journal of Phycology 44: 777-786.
Gitelson, A.A., Laorawat, S., Keydan, G.P. & Vonshak, A. (1995). Optical properties of dense algal cultures outdoors and their application to remote estimation of biomass and pigment concentration in Spirulina platensis (Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 31: 828-834, 9 figs.
Gupta, A., Mohan, D., Saxena, R.K. & Singh, S. (2018). Phototrophic cultivation of NACL-tolerant mutant of Spirulina platensis for enhanced C-phycocyanin production under optimized culture conditions and its dynamic modeling. Journal of Phycology 54(1): 44-55.
Jau M.H., Yew S.P., Toh P.S.Y., Chong A.S.C., Chu W.L., Phang S.M., Najimudin N. & (2005). Biosynthesis and mobilization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] by Spirulina platensis. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 36: 14-151.
Kaliamurthi, S., Selvaraj, G., Cakmak, Z.E. & Cakmak, T. (2016). Production and characterization of spherical thermostable silver nanoparticles from Spirulina platensis (Cyanophyceae). Phycologia 55(5): 568-576.
Kim, C.-J., Jung, Y.-H., Choi, G.-G., Park, Y.-H., Ahn, C.Y. & Oh, H.M. (2006). Optimization of outdoor cultivation of Spirulina platensis and control of contaminant organisms. Algae 21(1): 133-139, 3 figs, 2 tables. [in Korean]
Komárek, J. & Lund, J.W.G. (1990). What is Spirulina platensis in fact?. Algological Studies 58: 1-13.
Li, P. & Gao, K. (2008). Effects of solar UV and visible radiations on the spiral structure and orientation of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis (Cyanophyta). Phycologia 47: 573-579.
Murthy, S.D.S. & Mohanty, P. (1991). Mercury induces alteration of energy transfer in phycobilisome by selectively affecting the pigment protein, phycocyanin, in the Cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis. Plant Cell Physiol 32(2): 231-237.
Qiang, H., Guterman, H. & Richmond, A. (1996). Physiological characteristics of Spirulina platensis (Cyanobacteria) cultured at ultrahigh cell densities. Journal of Phycology 32: 1066-1073, 9 figs.
Qiang, H., Zarmi, Y. & Richmond, A. (1998). Combined effects of light intensity, light-path and culture density on output rate of Spirulina platensis (Cyanobacteria). European Journal of Phycology 33: 165-171, 7 figs, 2 tables.
Qiang, H., Zhengyu, H., Cohen, Z. & Richmond, A. (1997). Enhancement of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) production by manipulating algal density of outdoor cultures of Monodus subterraneus (Eustigmatophyta) and Spirulina platensis (Cyanobacteria). European Journal of Phycology 32: 81-86, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Riccardi, G., Sanangelantoni, A.M., Carbonera, D., Savi, A. & Ciferri, O. (1981). Characterization of mutants of Spirulina platensis resistant to amino acid analogues. FEMS Microbiology Letters 12: 333-336.
Riccardi, G., Sora, S. & Ciferri, O. (1981). Production of amino acids by analogue-resistant mutants of the cyanobacterum, Spirulina platensis. Journal of Bacteriology 147: 1002-1007.
Salageanu, N., and Salageanu, V. (1975). Einige Ergebnisse von laboratoriums Versuchen mit der Blaualge Spirulina platensis (Gom.) Geitl. . : 25-31. [in German]
Schlesinger, P., Belkin, S. & Boussiba, S. (1996). Sodium deprivation under alkaline conditions causes rapid death of the filamentous cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Journal of Phycology 32: 608-613, 8 figs.
Tian-qing, G. & Pei-zhen, Z. (1987). Isolation and characterization of hydrogenase from Spirulina platensis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 12: 557-561.
Tiang-ching, G. & Fa-zhu, W. (1984). Studies on H2 evolution by Spirulina platensis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 467-470.
Tiboni, O., di Pasquale, G. & Ciferri, O. (1984). Two tuf genes in the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Journal of Bacteriology 159: 407-409.
Torzillo, G., Bernardini, P. & Masojídek, J. (1998). On-line monitoring of chlorophyll fluorescence to assess the extent of photoinhibition of photosynthesis induced by high oxygen concentration and low temperature and its effect on the productivity of outdoor cultures of Spirulina platensis (Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 34: 504-510, 4 figs, 1 table.
Vonshak, A., Cheung, S.-M. & Chen, F. (2000). Mixotrophic growth modifies the response of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis (Cyanobacteria) cells to light. Journal of Phycology 36: 675-679.
Wagener, K. & Rebello, A. d. L. (1987). The mass cultivation of Spirulina platensis in Brazil. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 12: 69-70.
Wang, H., Zhao, X., Fang, F., Dahlgren, R.A., Li, D., Yin, X., Zhang,Y. & Wang, X. (2014). Effect of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate on Cu2+ removal by Spirulina platensis strain (FACHB-834). Journal of Phycology 50(5): 829-836.
Wang, Z.P. & Zhao, Y. (2005). Morphological reversion of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis (Cyanophyta): from linear to helical. Journal of Phycology 41: 622-628.
Watanabe, M.M. & Ichimura, T. (1977). Fresh- and salt-water forms of Spirulina platensis in axenic culture. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 25 (Suppl., Mem. Iss. Yamada): 371-377.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 May 2021.

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