162,437 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,763 images, 64,017 bibliographic items, 475,067 distributional records.

Gonyaulax polygramma F.Stein 1883

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Gonyaulacaceae
Genus Gonyaulax

 

Publication details
Gonyaulax polygramma F.Stein 1883: pl. IV [4]: figs 15-19

Published in: Stein, F. (1883). Die naturgeschichte der arthrodelen Flagellaten. In: Der Organismus der Infusionstiere. III. Pt. 2. ( Eds), pp. 1-30. Leipzig:

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gonyaulax is Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Atlantic Ocean; Südsee (Index Nominum Algarum).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gonyaulax schuettii Lemmermann 1899

Nomenclatural notes
Seemingly originally first introduced without a description, but validated by analytical figures (Melbourne Code; see ICN Art. 38.7 "For the purpose of Art. 38.5, prior to 1 January 1908, an illustration with analysis (see Art. 38.9 and 38.10) is acceptable in place of a written description or diagnosis."). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 37) notes this species is a non-toxin producing species, but as a red tide species has been associated with massive fish and invertebrate kills. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Carbonell-Moore, M.C. & Mertens, K.N. (2019). Should Gonyaulax hyalina and Gonyaulax fragilis (Dinophyceae) remain two diferent taxa?. Phycologia 58(6): 685-689.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Kim, S. (2006). Patterns in host range for two strains of Amoebophyra (Dinophyta) infecting thecate dinoflagellates: Amoebophyra spp. ex Alexandrium affine and ex Gonyaulax polygramma (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1170-1173.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Schiller, J. (1935). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2 Teil. ( Eds), pp. 1-320. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H..

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 January 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2398 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kim, K.-Y., Kim, Y.-S., Hwang, C.-H., Lee, C.-K., Lim, W.A. & Kim, C.H. (2006). Phylogenetic analysis of dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polygramma Stein responsible for harmful algal blooms based on the partial LSU rDNA sequence data. Algae 21(3): 283-286, 2 figs .
Kim, S. (2006). Patterns in host range for two strains of Amoebophyra (Dinophyta) infecting thecate dinoflagellates: Amoebophyra spp. ex Alexandrium affine and ex Gonyaulax polygramma (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1170-1173.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52319

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 02 August 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio