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Phacus longicauda var. tortus Lemmermann 1910

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Protozoa
Subkingdom Eozoa
Infrakingdom Infrakingdom Euglenozoa
Phylum Euglenozoa
Infraphylum Dipilida
Class Euglenophyceae
Subclass Euglenophycidae
Order Euglenida
Family Phacidae
Genus Phacus


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Phacus longicauda var. tortus Lemmermann
Poland, Szamoty village, pond, 1 August 2017. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus longicauda var. tortus Lemmermann
Poland, Mąkolno village, pond, 1 May 2020. 28 Aug 2020. Bożena Zakryś. © Bożena Zakryś (zakrys@biol.uw.edu.pl).

Phacus longicauda var. tortus Lemmermann
Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK. Close view.. 06 Oct 2016. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.


Staurodesmus extensus (O.F.Andersson) Teiling

Phacus tortus (Lemmermann) Skvortsov Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK. Close view.
© C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com

Publication details
Phacus longicauda var. tortus Lemmermann 1910: 511

Published in: Lemmermann, E. (1910). Algen I (Schizophyceen, Flagellaten, Peridineen). In: Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg und angrenzender Gebiete herausgegeben von dem Botanishcen Verein der Provinz Brandenburg. Dritter Band. pp. 497-712. Leipzig: Verlag von Grebrüder Borntraeger.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Phacus is Phacus longicauda (Ehrenberg) Dujardin.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Phacus tortus (Lemmermann) Skvortsov

Type information
not in INA (Index Nominum Algarum). Lectotype: fig. 3a in pl. 2 in Skuja (1926): fig. 3n (epitype) (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. 2015: 1153). Notes: Representative DNA sequence: GenBank KP944112. Representative locality: freshwater, Szander's Pond in Jelonki, Warsaw (52°13'02.7"N, 20°54'41.2"E).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), long-tail; noun in apposition.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phacus longicauda var. tortus Lemmermann)
Europe: Czech Republic (Hasler, Handák & Handákova 2007), Poland (Lukomska-Kowalczyk et al. 2015), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Sweden (Skuja 1956).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (De-Lamonica-Freire, Bicudo & De Castro 1992, Alves-da-Silva & Menezes 2010).

Africa: Cameroon (Wołowski 2012).

Middle East: Israel (Stupina & al. 2000).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Skuja 1949).

Source of current name
Skvortsov, B.V. (1928). Die Euglenaceengattung Phacus Dujardin. Eine systematische Übersicht. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 46: 105-125.

Key references
Lukomska-Kowalczyk, M., Karnkowska, A., Milanowski, R., Lach, L. & Zakrysá, B. (2015). Delimiting species in the Phacus longicauda complex (Euglenida) through morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 51(6): 1147-1157.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Wołowski, K, & Hindák, F. (2005). Atlas of Euglenophytes. pp. [1]-136, 417 figs. Cracow: VEDA Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Created: 28 November 2002 by Andy Taylor

Verified by: 09 December 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1305 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=56820

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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