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Dinophysis sacculus F.Stein 1883

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysales
Family Dinophysaceae
Genus Dinophysis

 

Publication details
Dinophysis sacculus F.Stein 1883: pl. XX [20]: fig. 10

Published in: Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. II. Hälfte die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten. pp. 1-30, pls I-XXV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Dinophysis is Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), little sac, purse.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Dinophysis reniformis Schröder 1906
Dinophysis pavillardii Schröder 1906
Dinophysis ventrecta J.Schiller 1931
Dinophysis phaseola E.S.Silva 1952

Nomenclatural notes
Seemingly originally first introduced without a description, but validated by analytical figures (Melbourne Code; see ICN Art. 38.7 "For the purpose of Art. 38.5, prior to 1 January 1908, an illustration with analysis (see Art. 38.9 and 38.10) is acceptable in place of a written description or diagnosis."). - (10 Apr 2018) - M.D. Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 34) note this species has been found to produce okadaic acid (OA), which has been linked to diarrhetic shellfish poisoning. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Mediterranean Sea: Adriatic Sea, Quarnero, Italy (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 33). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 33).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Schiller, J. (1931). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 1-256. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Wolny, J.L., Egerton, T.A., Handy, S.M., Stutts, W.L., Smith, J.L., Whereat, E.B., Bachvaroff, T.R., Henrichs, D.W., Campbell, L. & Deeds, J.R. (2020). Characterization of Dinophysis spp. (Dinophyceae, Dinophysales) from the mid-Atlantic region of the United Statees. Journal of Phycology 2020(2): 404-434.

Created: 07 March 2003 by Elizabeth Moran

Verified by: 05 June 2020 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1098 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Giacobbe, M.G., Penna, A., Ceredi, A., Milandri, A., Poletti, R. & Yang, X. (2000). Toxicity and ribosomal DNA of the dinoflagellate Dinophysis sacculus (Dinophyta). Phycologia 39: 177-182.
Zingone, A., Montresor, M. & Marino, D. (1998). Morphological variability of the potentially toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis sacculus (Dinophyceae) and its taxonomic relationships with D. pavillardii and D. acuminata. European Journal of Phycology 33: 259-273, 62 figs, 3 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=58492

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 01 October 2020.

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