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Karenia cristata L.Botes, S.D.Sym & G.C.Pitcher 2003

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karenia

 

Publication details
Karenia cristata L.Botes, S.D.Sym & G.C.Pitcher 2003: 565, figs 2-9

Published in: Botes, L., Sym, S.D. & Pitcher, G.C. (2003). Karenia cristata sp. nov. and Karenia bicuneiformis sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae): two new Karenia species from the South African coast. Phycologia 42: 563-571.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karenia is Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Moestrup.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: H.F. Verwoerd Nature Reserve, South Africa (Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003: 565). Holotype: Fig. 2 (epitype) (Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003: 565). Notes: Isotype: SEM stub containing specimens of K. cristata (Accession number J 100091) was submitted to the Moss Herbarium, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), crested.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cells dorso-ventrally flattened, c. 25.7 microns (24.05- 27.35 microns, n = 15) long, c. 24.29 microns (21.79-26.79 microns, n = 15) wide, c 10 microns (n = 1) deep. The hypocone is asymmetrical, with a larger and more rounded right lobe.The apical groove is straight and elevated into an apical crest, extending to the cingulum-sulcus junction on the ventral side of the cell and only a short distance on the dorsal side of the cell. The nucleus is central in the hypocone, but extends somewhat into the epicone. The sulcus extends onto the epicone and flares out to the antapex. The cingulum displaced twice its own width. Chloroplasts are numerous, yellow-green and variable in shape.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Created: 04 February 2004 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 600 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Botes, L., Sym, S.D. & Pitcher, G.C. (2003). Karenia cristata sp. nov. and Karenia bicuneiformis sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae): two new Karenia species from the South African coast. Phycologia 42: 563-571.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=62202

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2021.

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