Karenia bicuneiformis Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003

Publication Details
Karenia bicuneiformis Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003: 566, figs 10-19

Published in: Botes, L., Sym, S.D. & Pitcher, G.C. (2003). Karenia cristata sp. nov. and Karenia bicuneiformis sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae): two new Karenia species from the South African coast. Phycologia 42: 563-571.

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Type Species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karenia is Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Moestrup.

Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type Information
Type locality: Gordon’s Bay, South Africa; (Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003: 568) Holotype: Fig. 14 (epitype) (Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003: 568) Notes: Isotype: SEM stub containing specimens of K. bicuneiformis(Accession number J 100090) was submitted to the Moss Herbarium, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

General Environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cells dorso-ventrally flattened, c. 36.25 microns (33.88-38.62 microns, n = 15) long, c. 33.83 microns (31.3-36.36 microns, n = 15) wide and c. 5 microns (n = 1) deep. The hypocone is w-shaped and the epicone is sharply conical, giving the cell a markedly angular outline. Each lobe of the hypocone can be indented at times. The apical groove is straight, extending down to the cingulum-sulcus junction on the ventral side of the cell and only a short distance on the dorsal side of the cell. The nucleus is oval and on the left side of th hypocone. An extension to the sulcus is present on the epicone. The cingulum is displaced by one cingulum width. Chloroplasts are numerous, yellow-green and variable in shape. Preserved chloroplasts become circular.

Created: 04 February 2004 by M.D. Guiry.

Last updated: 19 May 2017

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Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=62203

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 19 May 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 August 2022

 
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