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Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1842

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
cross-section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
cross-section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
subtidal with Zostera marina, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
cross-section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
cross-section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
cross-section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
habit, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
habit, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015,. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
cross-section, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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13 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Anabaena perturbata H.Hill

Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh subtidal with Zostera marina, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2015
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1842: 151

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1842). Algae maris Mediterranei et Adriatici, observationes in diagnosin specierum et dispositionem generum. pp. [i]-x, 1-164. Parisiis [Paris]: Apud Fortin, Masson et Cie.
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Publication date: 9 April 1842

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Sphaerococcus durus C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: Cadíz, Spain (Silva & al. 1996: 165). Holotype: Herb. Agardh, LD (Gargiulo, De Masi & Tripodi 1992: 67). Notes: Collected by Cabrera (Destombe et al. 2010).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Corallopsis Gurgel, J.N. Norris et Fredericq

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Sphaerococcus durus C.Agardh 1822
Gigartina dura (C.Agardh) Desmazières 1830

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gracilaria dura var. lyra J.Agardh 1842
Sphaerococcus sonderii Kützing 1849
Gigartina durvillei J.V.Lamouroux 1852
Gracilaria dura var. durvillei J.Agardh 1852
Gracilaria rubra J.Agardh 1981

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Gracilaria rubra (C. Agardh) J. Agardh as a synonym of this species.

Habitat notes
Some plants bore Gracilariophila sibogae as a parasite (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (2 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gracilaria dura (C.Agardh) J.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Lanzarote (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Balearic Islands (Burnat & Barbey 1882, Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Seoane-Camba 1975, Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984), Black Sea (Milchakova 2011), Britain (Brodie & al. 2015, Bunker & al. 2017), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), France (Verlaque 2001, Anon. 2017), Greece (Diannelidis 1953, Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Athanasiadis 1987, Tsiamis & Panayotidis 2019), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Gargiulo, De Masi & Tripodi 1992, Gargiulo, De Masi & Tripodi 1992, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003), Sardinia (Furnari & al. 2003), Spain (Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Conde & al. 1996, Bárbara & al. 2015), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

South America: Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Africa: Eritrea (Lipkin & Silva 2002), Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Mauritius (Børgesen 1951, Silva & al. 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Moussa & al. 2018), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Egypt (Aleem 1993, Shabaka 2018), Israel (Einav & Israel 2008), Red Sea (Einav & al. 2021), Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Ahmed & al. 2009), India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Pareek et al. 2010, Rao & Gupta 2015, Rao & Gupta 2015), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

(as Gracilaria rubra J.Agardh)
South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng & Xia 1999, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Børgesen, F. (1951). Some marine algae from Mauritius. Additions to the parts previously published. III. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Meddelelser 18(16): 1-44, 17 figs, 7 plates.

Destombe, C., Valero, M. & Guillemin, M.L. (2010). Delineation of two sibling red algal species, Gracilaria gracilis and Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), using multiple DNA markers: resurrection of the species G. dura previously described in the northern Atlantic 200 years ago. Journal 0f Phycology 46(4): 720-727.

Gargiulo, G.M., De Masi, F. & Tripodi, G. (1992). Morphology, reproduction and taxonomy of the Mediterranean species of Gracilaria (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 31: 53-80.

Gurgel, C.F.D., Norris, J.N., Schmidt, W.E., Le, H.N. & Fredericq, S. (2018). Systematics of the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta) including new subfamilies, tribes, subgenera, and two new genera, Agarophyton gen. nov. and Crassa gen. nov. Phytotaxa 374(1): 1-23.

Pareek, M., Mishra, A. & Jha, B. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Gracilaria species inferred from molecular markers belonging to three different genomes. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1322-1328.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Created: 30 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4492 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Destombe, C., Valero, M. & Guillemin, M.L. (2010). Delineation of two sibling red algal species, Gracilaria gracilis and Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), using multiple DNA markers: resurrection of the species G. dura previously described in the northern Atlantic 200 years ago. Journal 0f Phycology 46(4): 720-727.
Mantri, V.A., Thakur M.C., Manoj K., Reddy, C.R.K and Jha, B. (2009). The carpospore culture of industrially important red alga Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Aquaculture 297: 85-90.
Murano, E., Brandolin, C., Zanetti, F., Paoletti, S. & Rizzo, R. (1990). Characterization of an agar fraction extracted from Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). In: Thirteenth International Seaweed Symposium. Development in Hydrobiology. (Lindstrom, S.C. & Gabrielson, P.W. Eds) Vol.58, pp. 567-571. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Murano, E., Brandolin, C., Zanetti, F., Paoletti, S. & Rizzo, R. (1990). Characterization of an agar fraction extracted from Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta).. Hydrobiologia 204/205: 567-571.
Murano, E., Brandolin, C., Zanetti, F., Paoletti, S. & Rizzo, R. (1990). Characterization of an agar fraction extracted from Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 567-571.
Murano, E., Toffanin, R., Knutsen, S.H., Focher, B., Rizzo, R. & Paoletti, S. (1993). Evaluation of steam explosion as pretreatment in agar extraction from Gracilaria dura (C. Agardh) J. Agardh (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology 5: 4170424.
Murano, E., Toffanin, R., Knutsen, S.H., Paoletti, S. & Rizzo, R. (1991). Agar from Gracilaria dura (C. Agardh) J. Agardh (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta). In: Atti dell'European Meeting Marine Phytobenthos Studies and their Applications.. (C.N.R. Eds), pp. 431-442.
Murano, E., Toffanin, R., Zanetti, F., Knutsen, S.H., Paoletti, S. & Rizzo, R. (1992). Chemical and macromolecular characterisation of agar polymers from Gracilaria dura (C. agardh) J. Agardh (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta). Carbohyd Polym 18(3): 171-178.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2021.

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