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Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link, nom. cons. 1833

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Scytosiphonaceae
Genus Scytosiphon


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Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University
© Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp)

Publication details
Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link 1833: 232; pl. 28, nom. cons.

Published in: Link, H.F. (1833). Handbuch zur Erkennung der nutzbarsten und am häufigsten vorkommenden Gewächse. Dritter Theil. pp. i-xviii, 1-536. Berlin: Haude & Spener.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Scytosiphon is Scytosiphon filum var. lomentarius (Lyngbye) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Chorda lomentaria Lyngbye

Type information
Syntype localities: "Habitat in infimo refluxus limite ad littora Faeroensia, ut a Qvivig, copiosa. Ad Hammerhuus Bornholmiae" [Quivig, Faeroe Islands and Bornholm, Denmark] (Lyngbye 1819: 74). Type: C (Womersley 1987: 295). Notes: Womersley (1987: 295) gives the following data: Type from Quivig, Faroe Is; in Herb Lyngbye, C, which could constitute a lectotypification.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chorda lomentaria Lyngbye 1819
Scytosiphon filum var. lomentarius (Lyngbye) C.Agardh 1820
Fucus lomentarius (Lyngbye) Sommerfelt 1826

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva simplicissima Clemente 1807
Asperococcus castaneus W.J.Hooker 1833
Chlorosiphon shuttleworthianus Kützing 1843
Chorda fistulosa Zanardini 1843
Chorda autumnalis Areschoug 1862
Chorda lomentaria var. autumnalis (Areschoug) Areschoug 1862
Scytosiphon lomentaria var. zostericola Thuret 1863
Scytosiphon lomentaria f. castagneus (Carmichael) Kleen 1874
Chorda lomentaria f. autumnalis (Areschoug) Areschoug 1875
Chordaria attenuata Foslie 1887
Scytosiphon pygmaeus Reinke 1888
Scytosiphon lomentaria f. fistulosus Reinke 1907
Scytosiphon lomentaria f. typicus Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1925
Scytosiphon simplicissimus (Clemente) Cremades 1990

Nomenclatural notes
Cremades (in Cremades & Perez-Cirera, 1990: 492) correctly proposed the name Scytosiphon simplicissiumus (Clemente) Cremades for this species based on the priority of Ulva simplicissimus Clemente. But, in view of the widespread and consistent use of the binomial Scytosiphon lomentaria for this species, Pedersen & Kristiansen (1994: 645) proposed the rejection of Ulva simplicissima Clemente, the basionym of Scytosiphon simplicissimus. This proposal was approved at the XVI International Botanical Congress (St. Louis, Missouri, 26-30 July 1999) (Barrie & Greuter, 1999). Accordingly, Scytosiphon lomentaria is the correct name for this species (Guiry, pers. comm.).

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Scytosiphon complanatus (Rosenvinge) Doty as a synonym of this species.

Habitat notes
Rarely collected in maërl beds and gravel, growing on dead shells and, occasionally on pebbles; depth range: 4-16 m (Peña & Bárbara 2010). - (5 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Intertidal zone (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009). - (7 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link)
English: Leather tube (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983), Chipolata Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

German: Geschnürter Schlauchtang (Braune 2008).

Japanese: Kayamonori, Sugara, Mugiwara-nori (Madlener 1977).

Swedish: Korvsnöre (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Belous, O.S., Titlyanova, T.V. & Titlyanov, E.A. (2013). Morskiye rasteniya bukhty Troitsy i smezhnykh akvatorii radno (Zaliv Petra Velikogo, Yaponskoye more) [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. 263, profusely illustrated. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Boo, S.-M. (2010). Scytosiphonaceae, Petrospongiaceae. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 1. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ectocarpales. Marine brown algae I. (Kim, H.-S. & Boo, S.-M. Eds), pp. [155]-185. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 45: 1-508.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Hoshino, M., Ishikawa, S. & Kogame, K. (2018). Concordance between DNA-based species boundaries and reproductive isolating barriers in the Scytosiphon lomentaria species complex (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae). Phycology 57(2): 232-242.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Klochkova, N.G., Koroleva, T.N. & Kushidi, A.E. (2009). Atlas vodorosley-makrofitov prikamchatskikh vod [Atlas of algae-macrophytes of Kamchatka waters. Green and brown algae]. Vol. 1 pp. 216, profusely illustrated. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski: Izdaniya KamchatNIRO. [in Russian]

Kogame, K., Rindi, F., Peters, A.F. & Guiry, M.D. (2015). Genetic diversity and mitochondrial introgression in Scytosiphon lomentaria (Ectocrpales, Phaeophyceae) in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean. Phycologia 54(4): 367-374.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

McDevit, D.C. & Saunders, G.W. (2017). A molecular investigation of Canadian Scytosiphonaceae (Phaeophyceae) including descriptions of Planosiphon gen. nov. and Scytosiphon promiscuus sp. nov. Botany 95: 653–671, 10 figs, 2 tables.

Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Common marine algae from Alaska to Baja California. pp. [i]iv, [1]-97. Monterey, California: Sea Challengers.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. & Kristiansen, A. (1994). (1111) Proposal to reject Ulva simplicissima Clemente, the basionym of Scytosiphon simplicissimus (Clemente) Cremades (Phaeophyceae). Taxon 43: p 645.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae e Xanthophyceae). Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-234, pls 1-51. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. [1]-484, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel' zelenykh, burykh i krasnykh vodorosley yuzhnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of the USSR]. pp. 224, 222 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 30070 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cho, G.Y., Kogame, K., Kawai, H. & Boo, S.M. (2007). Genetic diversity of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) from the Pacific and Europe based on RuBisCO large subunit and spacer, and ITS nrDNA sequences. Phycologia 46(6): 657-665.
Clayton, M.N. & Beakes, G.W. (1983). Effects of fixatives on the ultrastructure of physodes in vegetative cells of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 19: 4-16.
Clayton, M.N. (1976). Complanate Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) J. Agardh (Scytosiphonales: Phaeophyta) from southern Australia: the effects of season, temperature, and daylength on the life history. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 25: 187-198.
Clayton, M.N. (1976). The morphology, anatomy and life history of a complanate form of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyta) from southern Australia. Marine Biology, Berlin 38: 201-208.
Correa, J., Novaczek, I. & McLachlan, J. (1986). Effect of temperature and daylength on morphogenesis of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyta) from eastern Canada. Phycologia 25: 469-475.
Dieck, I.T. (1987). Temperature tolerance and daylength effects in isolates of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Phaeophyceae) of the North Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 41(3): 307-321.
Dring, M.J. & Lüning, K. (1975). A photoperiodic response mediated by blue light in the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria. Planta 125: 25-32.
Dring, M.J. & Lüning, K. (1975). Induction of two-dimensional growth and hair formation by blue light in the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria. Zeit. Pflanzenphysiol. 75: 107-117.
Du Rietz, G.E. (1941). Scytosiphon lomentaria vid ön Jungfrun (Kalmarsund). Botaniska Notiser 1: 1-11.
Flores-Moya, A., Posudin, Y.I., Fernández, J.A., Figueroa, F.L. & Kawai, H. (2002). Photomovement of the swarmers of the brown algae Scytosiphon lomentaria and Petalonia fascia: effect of photon irradiance, spectral composition and UV dose. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 66: 134-140.
Fujita, S., Iseki, M., Yoshikawa, S., Makino, Y., Watanabe, M., Motomura, T., Kawai, H. & Murakami, A. (2005). Identification and characterization of a fluorescent flagellar protein from the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae): A flavoprotein homologous to Old Yellow Enzyme. European Journal of Phycology 40: 159-167.
Hoshino, M., Ishikawa, S. & Kogame, K. (2018). Concordance between DNA-based species boundaries and reproductive isolating barriers in the Scytosiphon lomentaria species complex (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae). Phycology 57(2): 232-242.
Hoshino, M., Okino, T. & Kogame, K. (2019). Parthenogenetic female populations in the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Ectocarpales): decay of a sexual trait and acquisition of sexual traits . Journal of Phycology 55(1): 204-213.
Kato, Y., Kogame, K., Nagasato, C. & Motomura, T. (2006). Inheritance of mitochondrial and chhloroplast genomes in the isogamous brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 54(1): 65-71.
Kawai, H., Muto, H., Fuhii, T. & Kato, A. (1995). A linked 5S rRNA gene in Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 31: 306-311, 4 figs, 1 table.
Kimura, K., Nagasato, C., Kogame, K. & Motomura, T. (2010). Disappearance of male mitochondrial DNA after the four-cell stage in sporophytes of the isogamous brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 46(1): 143-152.
Kogame, K., Rindi, F., Peters, A.F. & Guiry, M.D. (2015). Genetic diversity and mitochondrial introgression in Scytosiphon lomentaria (Ectocrpales, Phaeophyceae) in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean. Phycologia 54(4): 367-374.
Kogame, K., Uwai, S., Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2005). A study of sexual and asexual populations of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) in Hokkaido, northern Japan, using molecular markers. European Journal of Phycology 40: 313-322.
Kristiansen, A. & Pedersen, P.M. (1979). Studies on life history and seasonal variation of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Fucophyceae, Scytosiphonales) in Denmark. Botanisk Tidsskrift 74: 31-56.
Kristiansen, A. (1981). Seasonal occurrence of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Fucophyceae) in relation to environmental factors. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 10: 321-326.
Kristiansen, A. (1984). Experimental field studies on the ecology of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Fucophyceae, Scytosiphonales) in Denmark. Nordic Journal of Botany 4: 719-724.
Kristiansen, A., Pedersen, P.M. & Moseholm, L. (1991). Growth and reproduction of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Fucophyceae) in relation to temperature in two populations from Denmark. Nordic Journal of Botany 11: 375-383.
Kristiansen, A.A., Pedersen, P.M. & Moseholm, L. (1994). Salinity-temperature effects on growth and reproduction of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Fucophyceae) along the salinity gradient in Danish waters. Phycologia 33: 444-454.
Littler, M.M. & Littler, D.S. (1983). Heteromorphic life-history strategies in the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngb.) Link. Journal of Phycology 19: 425-431.
Lund, S. (1966). On a Sporangia-bearing microthallus of Scytosiphon lomentaria from nature. Phycologia 6: 67-78.
Lund, S. (1966). On the occurrence of unilocular sporangia in the life-history of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngb.) J. Ag.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 5: 155 only.
Munda, I.M. (1984). Salinity dependent accumulation of Zn, Co and Mn in Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngb.) Link and Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link from the Adriatic Sea. Botanica Marina 27: 371-376.
Nagasato, C. & Motomura, T. (2009). Effect of Latrunculin B and Brefeldin A on Cytokinesis in the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 45(2): 404-412, 5 figs.
Nagasato, C., Motomura, T. & Ichimura, T. (2000). Spindle formation in karyogamy-blocked zygotes of the isogamous brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 35: 339-348.
Nagasato, C., Uemori, C., Kato, A. & Motomura, T. (2004). Characterization of centrin genes from Ochromonas danica (Chrysophyceae) and Scytosiphon lomentaria (Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 52(3): 266-272.
Nagasato, C., Yoshikawa, S., Yamashita, M., Kawai, H. & Motomura, T. (2003). Pyrenoid formation associated with the cell cycle in the brown alga, Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 1172-1180.
Parente, M.I., Neto, A.I. & Fletcher, R.L. (2003). Morphology and life history of Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) from the Azores. Journal of Phycology 39: 353-359.
Rhodes, R.G. & Connell, M.U. (1973). The biology of brown algae on the Atlantic coast of Virginia. II. Petalonia fascia and Scytosiphon lomentaria. Ches. Sci. 14: 211-215.
Stefanov, K., Bankova, V., Dimitrova-Konaklieva, St., Aldinova, R., Dimitrov, K. & Popov, S. (1996). Sterols and acylglycerols in the brown algae Colpomenia peregrina (Sauv.) Hamel and Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngb.) Link. Botanica marina 39: 475-478.
Tatewaki, M. (1966). Formation of a crustaceous sporophyte with unilocular sporangia in Scytosiphon lomentaria. Phycologia 6: 62-66.
Wallentinus, I. (1974). Fluctuations of Scytosiphon lomentaria in the northern Baltic proper. Mem. Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn. 50: 81-88.
Yamano, K., Saito, H., Ogasawara, Y., Fujii, S., Yamada, H., Shirahama, H. & Kawai, H. (1996). The autofluorescent substance in the posterior flagellum of swarmers of the brown alga Scytosiphon lomentaria. In: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. ( Eds), pp. 155-159.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2021.

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