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Sargassum cymosum C.Agardh 1820

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sargassum

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Sargassum cymosum C.Agardh
a: rama; b. filoide; c. cauloide; d. receptáculo; e. vesícula. Esquema: Lourdes Moreira.

 

Achnanthes pusilla Grunow

Sargassum cymosum C.Agardh a: rama; b. filoide; c. cauloide; d. receptáculo; e. vesícula. Esquema: Lourdes Moreira
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Publication details
Sargassum cymosum C.Agardh 1820: 20

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1820 '1821'). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum. Pars prima. pp. [i-iv], [1]-168. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: probably Jan-April 1820

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Brazil (Silva & al. 1996: 667).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum Section Sargassum

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Sargassum cymosum C.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente, Neto & al. 2020), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodriguez et al. 1985, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019), Madeira (Ferreira & al. 2018), Salvage Islands (Parente & al. 2000, John & al. 2004).

Europe: Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020).

Central America: Costa Rica (Cabrera & al. 2021, Cabrera & al. 2021).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960, Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960), Trinidad (Taylor 1960, Richardson 1975), Trinidad & Tobago (Duncan & Lee Lum 2006).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1931, Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Menezes Széchy & Paula 2010, Rosado-Espinosa et al. 2020 ), Colombia (Schnetter 1976, Rosado-Espinosa et al. 2020 ), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Gabon (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Gambia (Price, John & Lawson 1978), Madagascar (Vieira & al. 2021), Sierra Leone (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Phillips 1995, Dai 2007, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999).

Key references
Camacho, O., Mattio, L., Draisma, S., Fredericq, S. & Diaz-Pulido, G. (2014). Morphological and molecular assessment of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from Caribbean Colombia, including the proposal of Sargassum giganteum sp. nov., Sargassum schnetteri comb. nov. and Sargassum section Cladophyllum sect. nov . Systematics and Biodiversity 13: 105-130.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Krishnamurthy, V. & Ezhili, R. (2013). Phaeophyceae of India and neighbourhood Volume II The Fucales. pp. [i]-iv, 1-156, 31 figs, pls I-XLIX. Chennai: Krishnamurthy Institute of Algology.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Created: 04 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4794 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

de Paula, E.J. & de Oliveira Filho, E.C. (1982). Wave exposure and ecotypical differentiation in Sargassum cymosum (Phaeophyta-Fucales). Phycologia 21: 145-153, 7 figs, 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=821

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 October 2021.

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