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Levanderina fissa (Levander) Moestrup, Hakanen, Gert Hansen, Daugbjerg & M.Ellegaard

Publication details
Levanderina fissa (Levander) Moestrup, Hakanen, Gert Hansen, Daugbjerg & M.Ellegaard 2014: 272, figs 1-77

Published in: Moestrup, O., Hakanen, P., Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Ellegaard, M. (2014). On Levanderina fissa gen. & comb. nov. (Dinophyceae) (syn. Gymnodinium fissum, Gyrodinium instriatum, Gyr. uncatenum), a dinoflagellate with a very unusual sulcus. Phycologia 53(3): 265-292, 77 figs.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Levanderina.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gymnodinium fissum Levander

Type information
Type locality: Stora Lovo, Espoo, Finland (Moestrup & al. 2014: 266). Notes: Finland: sea near Helsingfors (INA).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnodinium fissum Levander 1894
Gyrodinium fissum (Levander) Kofoid & Swezy 1921

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gyrodinium pavillardii Biecheler 1952
Gyrodinium uncatenum Hulburt 1957
Gyrodinium instriatum Freudenthal & J.J.Lee 1963
Gymnodinium instriatum (Freudenthal & J.J.Lee) D.W.Coats 2002
Gymnodinium uncatenum (Hulburt) Hallegraeff 2002

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Escobar-Morales, S. & Hernández-Becerril, D.U. (2015). Free-living marine planktonic unarmoured dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Pacific. Botanica Marina 58(1): 9-22.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Created: 13 June 2014 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1393 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Gárate-Lizárraga, I. (2014). Proliferation of Levanderina fissa and Polykrikos hartmannii (Dinophyceae: Gymnodiniales) in Bahía De La Paz, Gulf of California, México. CICIMAR Oceánides 29(2): 25-35.
Moestrup, O., Hakanen, P., Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Ellegaard, M. (2014). On Levanderina fissa gen. & comb. nov. (Dinophyceae) (syn. Gymnodinium fissum, Gyrodinium instriatum, Gyr. uncatenum), a dinoflagellate with a very unusual sulcus. Phycologia 53(3): 265-292, 77 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=149982

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 February 2020.

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