162,379 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,760 images, 63,987 bibliographic items, 474,946 distributional records.

Heterocapsa triquetra (Ehrenberg) F.Stein 1883

Publication details
Heterocapsa triquetra (Ehrenberg) F.Stein 1883: 13, pl. III [3]: figs 30-40

Published in: Stein, F. (1883). Die naturgeschichte der arthrodelen Flagellaten. In: Der Organismus der Infusionstiere. III. Pt. 2. ( Eds), pp. 1-30. Leipzig:

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Heterocapsa.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Kryptoperidinium triquetrum (Ehrenberg) Tillmann, Gottschling, Elbrächter, Kusber & Hoppenrath

Basionym
Glenodinium triquetrum Ehrenberg

Type information
Type locality: Baltic Sea (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), having three acute angles.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Distributional notes
H. triquetra is recorded from Falmouth and Damariscotta, USA (Iwataki et al., 2004). - (8 Nov 2006) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Gottschling, M., Tillmann, U., Elbrächter, M., Kusber, W.-H. & Hopenrath, M. (2019). Glenodinium triquetrum Ehrenberg is a species not of Heterocapsa F.Stein but of Kryptoperidinium Er.Lindem (Kryptoperidiniaceae, Peridiniales). Phytotaxa 391(2): 155-158, 2 fig..

Key references
D'Onofrio, G., Marino, D., Bianco, L., Busico, E. & Montresor, M. (1999). Toward an assessment on the taxonomy of dinoflagellates that produce calcareous cysts (Calciodinelloideae, Dinophyceae): a morphological and molecular approach. Journal of Phycology 35(5): 1063-1078, 45 figs, 4 tables.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Iwataki, M., Hansen, G., Sawaguchi, T., Hiroishi, S. & Fukuyo, Y. (2004). Investigations of body scales in twelve Heterocapsa species (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae), including a new species H. pseudotriquetra sp. nov.. Phycologia 43(4): 394-403, 52 figs, 3 tables.

Kim, S. (2006). Patterns in host range for two strains of Amoebophyra (Dinophyta) infecting thecate dinoflagellates: Amoebophyra spp. ex Alexandrium affine and ex Gonyaulax polygramma (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1170-1173.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Paulsen O. (1907). The Peridiniales of the Danish waters. Meddelelser fra Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser Serie: Plankton 1(5): 1-26, 33 figs.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Zhang, H., Bhattacharya, D. & Lin, S. (2005). Phylogeny of dinoflagellates based on mitochondrial cytochrome b and nuclear small subunit rDNA sequence comparisons. Journal of Phycology 41: 411-420.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 June 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5194 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Park, J.-G., Hur, H.-J., Coats, D.W. & Yih, W. (2007). Ecological characteristics of the endoparasitic dinoflagellate, Amoebophrya sp. ex Heterocapsa triquetra isolated from Jinhae Bay, Korea. Algae 22(4): 287-295, 5 figs. [in Korean]
Pennick, N.C. & Clarke, K.J. (1977). The occurrence of scales in the peridinian dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra (Ehrenb.) Stein. British Phycological Journal 12: 63-66.
Tillmann, U., Hoppenrath, M., Gottschling, M., Kusber, W.H. & Elbrachter, M. (2017). Plate pattern clarification of the marine dinophyte Heterocapsa triquetra sensu Stein (Dinophyceae) collected at the Kiel fjord (Germany). Journal of Phycology 53(6): 1305-1324.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52427

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 July 2021.

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