Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758
Corallina officinalis LinnaeusKingston, South Australia - 08 May 2019. G.J.Edgar
Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758: 805
Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Editio decima revisa. Vol. 1 pp. [i-iv], -823. Holmiae [Stockholm]: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii.
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Corallina.
Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Type locality: "Hab. O. Eur." [European Seas]; (Linnaeus 1758: 805) Lectotype: LINN; 1293.9 (Womersley & Johansen 1996: 291) Notes: Lectotype selected by Schmitz (1889: 455). Linnaeus writes: "C. trichotoma, articulis cylindricis: teminale ovata. Ellis 48 n. 2. t. 24. f. A. Hab. O. Eur." An epitype was designated by Brodie et al. (2013, BM001062598, fig. 1): England: Devon, Sidmouth, 28 April 2007, leg. Juliet Brodie, JB39. In pool, lower shore, slightly silty, N50:40:30 W3:14:42. Genbank accession numbers: FM180073 [cox1], and JX315329 [rbcL] (Walker et al., 2009).
Origin of Species Name
Adjective (Latin), used in medicine [in the past] (Stearn 1973).
This is a marine species.
Whitish-pink to lilac, calcified, articulated fronds, 60-70 (-120) mm high, axis cylindrical to compressed, repeatedly pinnate from and expanded discoid base, branchng often irregular. Growth form very variable, often stunted. In unfavourable habitats erect system vestigial, but extensive base may be present. Revised description (Brodie et al., 2013: 51, 52).
On rock, midtidal pools and drainage runnels, lower intertidal and shallow subtidal, widespread and abundant, especially on exposed coasts.
Haliptilon squamatum (Linnaeus) Johansen, L. Irvine et Webster, a species rarely found in lower-shore rock pools, has shield-shaped articulations but is difficult to distinguish from Corallina officinalis. Corallina elongata is smaller and more regularly branched.
Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry.
Last updated: 11 June 2022
Verification of Data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=107
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 11 June 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 03 October 2022