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Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke 1962

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Hacrobia
Phylum Haptophyta
Class Coccolithophyceae
Subclass Prymnesiophycidae
Order Prymnesiales
Family Chrysochromulinaceae
Genus Chrysochromulina

Pictures

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Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke
Note the haptonema in between the two flagella. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke
Note the haptonema in between the two flagella.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke Note the haptonema in between the two flagella.
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton & Parke 1962: 565, figs 1-28, pls 1-8

Published in: Manton, I. & Parke, M. (1962). Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in Chrysochromulina polylepis sp. nov.. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 42: 565-578.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Chrysochromulina is Chrysochromulina parva Lackey.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Prymnesium polylepis (Manton & Parke) Edvardsen, Eikrem & Probert

Type information
Type locality: in sea, N. 50.11, W 04.13 (Index Nominum Algarum). Type: in sea. Cambridge T culture = Plymouth 13 (Index Nominum Algarum Notes: 'Type' culture PCC 136 (Edvardsen et al. 2011: 223).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), with many scales.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
May be invalid: designation of culture as type not permitted (ICN Art. 8.4). - (13 Oct 2020) - M.D. Guiry

Distributional notes
Oceanic: 49º36' N, 140º37' W (Guo et al. 2012). - (25 May 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Harmful species. Haemolytic activity, potent membrane disruption interactions and toxicity to finfish and protists (John et al. 2010). - (1 Nov 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Edvardsen, B., Eikrem, W., Throndsen, J., Sáez, A.G., Probert, I. & Medlin, L.K. (2011). Ribosomal DNA phylogenies and a morphological revision provide the basis for a revised taxonomy of the Prymnesiales (Haptophyta). European Journal of Phycology 46(3): 202-228.

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

John, U., Beszteri, S., Glockner, G., Singh, R., Medlin, L. & Cembella, A.D. (2010). Genomic characterisation of the ichthyotoxic prymnesiophyte Chrysochromulina polylepis, and the expression of polyketide synthase genes in synchronized cultures . European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 215-229.

Jordan, R.W., Cros, L. & Young, J.R. (2004). A revised classification scheme for living haptophytes. Micropaleontology 50(Suppl. 1): 55-79.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216. [in English and Vietnamese]

LeRoi, J.-M. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2004). Scale-bearing nanoflagellates from southern Tasmanian coastal waters, Australia. I. Species of the genus Chrysochromulina (Haptophyta). Botanica Marina 47: 73-102.

Marchant, H.J., Scott, F.J. & Davidson, A.T. (2005). Haptophytes: Order Prymnesiales. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 255-275. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Nakayama, T., Yoshida, M., Noël, M.-H., Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I. (2005). Ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Chrysoculter rhomhoideus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new flagellate haptophyte from Japanese coastal waters. Phycologia 44: 369-383.

Throndsen, J. (1996). The planktonic marine flagellates. In: Identifying marine phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 591-730. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 17 August 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 13 October 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3515 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Edvardsen, B. & Medlin, L. (1998). Genetic analyses of authentic and alternate forms of Chrysochromulina polylepis (Haptophyta). Phycologia 37: 275-283, 6 figs, 3 tables.
Edvardsen, B. & Paasche, E. (1992). Two motile stages of Chrysochromulina polylepis (Prymnesiophyceae): morphology, growth, and toxicity. Journal of Phycology 28: 104-114, 5 figs, 5 tables.
Edvardsen, B. & Vaulot, D. (1996). Ploidy analysis of the two motile forms of Chrysochromulina polylepis (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology 32: 94-102, 5 figs, 2 tables.
John, U., Beszteri, S., Glockner, G., Singh, R., Medlin, L. & Cembella, A.D. (2010). Genomic characterisation of the ichthyotoxic prymnesiophyte Chrysochromulina polylepis, and the expression of polyketide synthase genes in synchronized cultures . European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 215-229.
Manton, I. & Parke, M. (1962). Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in Chrysochromulina polylepis sp. nov.. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 42: 565-578.
Manton, I. & Parke, M. 1962 (1962). Preliminary observations on scales and their mode of origin in sp. nov. . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 42: 565-578.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=54511

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 July 2021.

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