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Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze 1898

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Scytosiphonaceae
Genus Petalonia


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Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Albany, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Cape of Good Hope, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. 18 Nov 2009. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Galicia, Spain. 21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Galicia, Spain. 21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Galicia, Spain. 21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Galicia, Spain. 21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Albany, Western Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze
Sotogawa-cho, Choshi, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Chiba University. Hideki Haga. © Hideki Haga (902180827@office.chiba-u.jp).

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Gracilaria chorda var. exilis Yamamoto

Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze Galicia, Spain
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze 1898: 419

Published in: Kuntze, O. (1898). Revisio generum plantarum. Pars III (3). pp. 1-576. Leipzig, London, Milano, New York, Paris: Arthur Felix, Dulau & Co., U. Hoepli, Gust. A. Schechert, Charles Klincksierck.
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Publication date: 28 Sep 1898

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Petalonia is Petalonia debilis (Kützing) Derbès & Solier.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus fascia O.F.Müller

Type information
Type locality: near Kristiansand, Norway (Silva & al. 1996: 632). Notes: Womersley (1987: 292) gives the following data: Type from Christiansund, Norway; probably non-existent.

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), a bundle or band (Mathieson & Dawes 2017).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus fascia O.F.Müller 1778
Laminaria fascia (O.F.Müller) C.Agardh 1817
Ulva fascia (O.F.Müller) Lyngbye 1819
Ilea fascia (O.F.Müller) Fries 1835
Phyllitis fascia (O.F.Müller) Kützing 1843
Saccharina fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze 1891

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phyllitis fascia var. tenuissima Batters
Ulva fascia var. tenuior Lyngbye 1819
Punctaria caespitosa J.Agardh 1836
Phycolapathum cuneatum Kützing 1845
Laminaria caespitosa (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1848
Phyllitis fascia var. curvata Kützing 1849
Phyllitis debilis Kützing 1849
Punctaria debilis (Kützing) Trevisan 1849
Petalonia debilis (Kützing) Derbès & Solier 1850
Phyllitis caespitosa Le Jolis 1863
Scytosiphon fascia (O.F.Müller) P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867
Phyllitis fascia var. caespitosa (J.Agardh) Farlow 1881
Phyllitis fascia var. debilis (C.Agardh) Hauck 1883
Phyllitis fascia var. latior Hariot 1889
Saccharina caespitosa (J.Agardh) Kuntze 1891
Ilea caespitosa (J.Agardh) Nordstedt 1912
Ralfsia californica Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924
Ilea fascia f. debilis (Kützing) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924
Ilea fascia f. caespitosa (J.Agardh) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1924
Petalonia fascia var. debilis (Kützing) Hamel 1937
Ilea fascia f. crispa A.D.Zinova 1949

Taxonomic notes
Various Stagularia clavata-like stages have been reported in the life history of Petalonia fascia (see Fletcher 1987, p. 253, 257). The situation in regard to synonymy remains confused and Sragularia clavata is treated as a separate species here (Guiry, pers. comm.). Wynne (1969) considered thalli of Stragularia californica (as Ralfsia californica) as the sporophyte of Petalonia fascia.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze)
English: Sea Petals (Chapman & Chapman 1980), Broad Leaf Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Japanese: Seiyohabanori (Madlener 1977).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 45: 1-508.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Fletcher, R.L. (1987). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. 3. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae). Part 1. pp. [i]-x, [1]-359, 90 figs, 15 pls. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Klochkova, N.G., Koroleva, T.N. & Kushidi, A.E. (2009). Atlas vodorosley-makrofitov prikamchatskikh vod [Atlas of algae-macrophytes of Kamchatka waters. Green and brown algae]. Vol. 1 pp. 216, profusely illustrated. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski: Izdaniya KamchatNIRO. [in Russian]

Kraft, G.T. (2009). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 2. Brown algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-364, 107 figs. Erratum of fig. 73 from vol. 1. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study and CSIRO Publishing.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Matsumoto, K., Ichihara, K. & Shimada, S. (2014). Taxonomic reinvestigation of Petalonia (Phaeophyceae, Ectocarpales) in southeast of Honshu, Japan, with a description of Petalonia tenuis sp. nov.. Phycologia 53(2): 127-136.

Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Common marine algae from Alaska to Baja California. pp. [i]iv, [1]-97. Monterey, California: Sea Challengers.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Ricker, R.W. (1987). Taxonomy and biogeography of Macquarie Island seaweeds. pp. [i]-vi, [2], 1-344. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sfriso, A. (2011). Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae e Xanthophyceae). Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-234, pls 1-51. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. [1]-484, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Wynne, M.J. (1969). Life history and systematic studies of some Pacific North American Phaeophyceae (brown algae). University of California Publications in Botany 50: 1-88.

Wynne, M.J. (1998). A checklist of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: first revision. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 116: [i]-iii, 1-155, 5 figs.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 18077 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Flores-Moya, A. & Fernández, J.A. (1998). Photosynthetic use of light and inorganic carbon in air and water by the intertidal alga Petalonia fascia (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyta). Phycol. Res. 46: 125-130.
Flores-Moya, A., Posudin, Y.I., Fernández, J.A., Figueroa, F.L. & Kawai, H. (2002). Photomovement of the swarmers of the brown algae Scytosiphon lomentaria and Petalonia fascia: effect of photon irradiance, spectral composition and UV dose. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 66: 134-140.
Hsiao, S.I.C. (1969). Life history and iodine nutrition of the marine brown alga, Petalonia fascia (O. F. Müll.) Kuntze. Canadian Journal of Botany 47: 1611-1616.
Hsiao, S.I.C. (1970). Light and temperature effects on the growth, morphology, and reproduction of Petalonia fascia. Canadian Journal of Botany 48: 1359-1361.
Katoh, T. & Ehara, T. (1990). Supramolecular assembly of fucoxanthin-chlorophyll-protein complexes isolated from a brown alga, Petalonia fascia - electron microscopic studies. PLANT CEL P 31(4): 439-447.
Kogame, K. (1997). Sexual reproduction and life-history of Petalonia fascia (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 36: 389-394.
Lee, K.-H., Cho, J.-H. & Shin, J.-A. (2003). A study on cultivation of Petalonia fascia (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyta) by vegetative regeneration. Algae 18(4): 333-339, 6 figs, 2 tables, 1 plate.
Rhodes, R.G. & Connell, M.U. (1973). The biology of brown algae on the Atlantic coast of Virginia. II. Petalonia fascia and Scytosiphon lomentaria. Ches. Sci. 14: 211-215.
Roeleveld, J.D., Duisterhof, M. & Vroman, M. (1974). On the year cycle of Petalonia fascia in the Netherlands. Netherl. J. Sea Res. 8: 410-426.
Williams, S.L. & Herbert, S.K. (1989). Transient photosynthetic responses of nitrogen-deprived Petalonia fascia and Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) to ammonium resupply. Journal of Phycology 25: 515-522.
Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y. & Pupo, D. (1994). Estudos in situ e in vitro de fase Ralfsióide Stragularia clavata (Harv. in Hook.) Hamel de Petalonia fascia (O.F. Müller) Kuntze (Scytosiphonales - Phaeophyta). Revista Brasil. Biol. 54: 489-496.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 October 2021.

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