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Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg 1889

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Chlorophyceae
Order Sphaeropleales
Family Hydrodictyaceae
Genus Tetraedron

Pictures

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Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg
Showing autospore. Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire. Ornamental Lake. 16 May 2019. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg
Wyoming, USA: 1000x, DIC. 16 Sep 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg
Various life-cycle stages and views. Park Pond, Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire, UK.. 31 Oct 2011. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

 

Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg Showing autospore. Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire. Ornamental Lake
© C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg 1889: 133

Published in: Hansgirg, A. (1889). Resultate der vom Verfasser im J. 1888 ausgeführten Durchforschung der Süswasseralgen und der saprophytischen Bacterien Böhmens. Sitzungsberichte der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, Mathematischnaturwissenschaftliche Classe 1889(1): 121-164.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Tetraëdron is Tetraëdron regulare Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Polyedrium minimum A.Braun

Type information
[Freiburg] (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very little, very least (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Polyedrium minimum A.Braun 1855

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Tetraëdron platyisthmum (W.Archer) G.S.West
Tetraëdron quadratum (Reinsch) Hansgirg 1889
Tetraëdron minimum var. apiculatoscrobiculatum Skuja 1956

Habitat notes
In plankton and associated with submerged surfaces in many types of aquatic habitat, most common in ponds and small lakes (John & Tsarenko 2002). - (6 Jul 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a terrestrial species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Tetraëdron platyisthmum (W.Archer) G.S.West)
Europe: Ireland (Adams 1908), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Polyedrium minimum A.Braun)
Europe: Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Tetraëdron minimum (A.Braun) Hansgirg)
Arctic: Ellesmere Island (Croasdale 1973).

Europe: Balearic Islands (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (John & Tsarenko 2002, Whitton & al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Bulgaria (Dochin 2020), Czech Republic (Hasler, Handák & Handákova 2007), France (Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova & al. 2011, Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2014), Germany (Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016, Stutz & Mattern (eds) & al. 2018, Täuscher 2019), Ireland (Adams 1908, John & Tsarenko 2002), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Portugal (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Romania (Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Fenchel & al. 1995, Patova & Demina 2007, Patova & Demina 2008), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018, Karlason & al. 2018, Karlason & al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016, Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Álvarez Cobelas 1982, Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Fanés Treviño, Comas González & Sánchez Castillo 2009), Sweden (Skuja 1948, Skuja 1956), Ukraine (Berezovska 2016, Malakhov, Kryvosheia & Tsarenko 2017, Berezovskaya 2019).

North America: Arkansas (AR) (Smith 2010), Laurentian Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Mexico (Figueroa-Torres & al. 2015), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Ontario (Xenopoulos & Frost, 2003), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995), Tennessee (TN) (Johansen & al. 2007).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Comas González 2009, Comas-González & al. 2017).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Bicudo & Martau 1974, Bicudo et al. 1999, Ferragut et al. 2005, Lopes et al. 2005, Fernandes & Bicudo 2009, Menezes 2010, Freitas & Loverde-Oliveira 2013, Loaiza-Restano & Bicudo 2014, Dunck & al. 2018, Tucci & al. 2019).

Africa: Sudan (Reinhold 1937), Zimbabwe (Rich 1935).

Middle East: Iran (Afsharzadeh & al. 2003), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013), Israel (Barinova, Tavassi & Nevo 2006, Barinova, Tavassi & Glassman 2009, Barinova & al. 2004), Turkey (Aysel 2005, Ersanli & Gönülol 2006, Soylu & Gonulol 2006, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Ahmed & al. 2008), India (Gupta 2012).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Skuja 1949), Singapore (Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: China (Bi & Hu 2004, Hu & Wei 2006), Hong Kong (Lam & Lei 1999), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Sakha (Yakutia) (Kopyrina, Pshennikova & Barinova 2020), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015, Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day & al. 1995), New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957), Northern Territory (Day & al. 1995), Queensland (Day & al. 1995), Victoria (Day & al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000).

(as Tetraëdron quadratum (Reinsch) Hansgirg)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

North America: Laurentian Great Lakes (Prescott 1962).

Asia: China (Bi & Hu 2004), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Tetraëdron minimum var. apiculatoscrobiculatum Skuja)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Sweden (Skuja 1956).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Broady & al. 2012).

Key references
Andreyeva, V.M (1998). Poczvennye i aerophilnye zelyonye vodorosli (Chlorophyta: Tetrasporales, Chlorococcales, Chlorosarcinales). Terrestrial and aerophilic green algae (Chlorophyta: Tetrasporales, Chlorococcales, Chlorosarcinales). pp. [1]-349, [2], 108 pls. St Petersberg: "NAUKA".

Hindák, F. (1980). Studies on the chlorococcal algae (Chlorophyceae). II. Biologicke Práce 26: 1-195.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Komárek, J. & Fott, B. (1983). Chlorophyceae (Grünalgen) Ordnung: Chlorococcales. Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers. In: Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers (Die Binnengewässer) XVI. (Huber-Pestalozzi, G. Eds), pp. [1]-x, [1]-1044. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller).

Korshikov, A.A. (1953). Viznachnik prisnovodnihk vodorostey Ukrainsykoi RSR [Vyp] V. Pidklas Protokokovi (Protococcineae). Bakuol'ni (Vacuolales) ta Protokokovi (Protococcales) [The Freshwater Algae of the Ukrainian SSR. V. Sub-Class Protococcineae. Vacuolales and Protococcales]. pp. 1-439. Kyjv [Kiev]: Akad. NAUK URSR.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Tsarenko, P.M. & John, D.M. (2011). Order Sphaeropleales sensu lato [Phylum Chlorophyta]. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 419-475. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 18 March 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4910 times since it was created.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 11 August 2020.

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