163,282 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,920 bibliographic items, 478,454 distributional records.

Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault 1888

Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Nostocophycidae
Order Nostocales
Family Aphanizomenonaceae
Genus Nodularia


click on thumbnail for larger version.

Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault
Roger Flower, David Ryves and Chris Carter, Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK. 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault
Roger Flower, David Ryves and Chris Carter, Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK. 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault
Roger Flower, David Ryves and Chris Carter, Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK. 05 Jun 2014. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault
Late stage akinetes and heterocysts. Collected by Alan Butler, Orkney, Scotland.. 23 Jun 2010. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).


Streblonema patagonicum Skottsberg

Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault Late stage akinetes and heterocysts. Collected by Alan Butler, Orkney, Scotland.
© C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com)

Publication details
Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault 1888: 245

Published in: Bornet, É. & Flahault, C. (1886 '1888'). Revision des Nostocacées hétérocystées contenues dans les principaux herbiers de France (quatrième et dernier fragment). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Septième Série 7: 177-262.
 Download PDF

Publication date: 1 Jan 1886

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Nodularia.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Norderney, East Frisian Islands, Germany [see note below] (Silva & al. 1996: 70). Notes: Europe; Australia (INA). The above type locality refers to Nostoc spumigena Mertens in Jürgens 1822 [Nostoc spumigena (Mertens) Drouet 1978].

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Nodularia spumigena var. genuina Bornet & Flahault 1886
Nodularia spumigena var. vacuolata F.E.Fritsch & M.F.Rich 1930

Nomenclatural notes
Nodularia spumigena Mertens in Jürgens 1822 also in INA and in Silva et al., 1996: 70). - (15 Apr 2015) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Produces a peptide, hepatotoxin, which can kill domestic and wild animals that drink from the shores of eutrophic ponds, lakes and reservoirs. Affected animals include: cattle, horses, sheep, dogs, pigs, fowl, turkeys, mice, and perhaps other birds and fish. The toxin is known to contaminate drinking water and may also accumulate in mussels. Fish and crustacea are said to avoid estuaries affect by Nodularia blooms (Hallegraeff, 1991: 94). Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Nodularia spumigena var. genuina Bornet & Flahault)
South America: Argentina (Tell 1985).

(as Nodularia spumigena Mertens ex Bornet & Flahault)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004, Mazur-Marzec et al. 2015), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Zotov 2018), Britain (Whitton & al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), France (Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova & al. 2011), Germany (Stutz & Mattern (eds) & al. 2018), Greece (Gkelis & al. 2016), Ireland (Guiry 1978), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Poland (Jodlowska & Latala 2010), Romania (Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Stenina & Patova 2007), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Serbia (Cvijan & Blazencic 1996), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Alvarez-Cobelas & Gallardo 1988, Calvo & Bárbara 2002, Bárbara & al. 2005), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: Arkansas (Smith 2010), Canada (O'Brien et al 2006), Laurentian Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Werner 2010).

Africa: Sudan (Reinhold 1937).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Iran (Afsharzadeh & al. 2003), Iraq (Maulood & al. 2013), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Siddiqui & al. 2009), India (Silva & al. 1996, Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015).

South-east Asia: Singapore (Pham & al. 2011).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Chu & al. 2007), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva & al. 1996), New South Wales (Day & al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000), Northern Territory (Day & al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000), Queensland (Day & al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Day & al. 1995), Tasmania (Ling & Tyler 2000), Victoria (Day & al. 1995, Ling & Tyler 2000), Western Australia (Ling & Tyler 2000).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999).

(as Nodularia spumigena var. vacuolata F.E.Fritsch & M.F.Rich)
Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Broady & Merican 2012).

Key references
Chu Hoajan [Chu, H.J.] et al. (2007). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus IX Cyanophyta Hormogonophyceae. pp. [1-8], i-xviii, 1-312, incl. pls I-CIX. Beijing: Science Press.

Cvijan, M. & Blazencic, J. (1996). Flora algi Srbije. Tom 1. Cyanophyta. pp. [i]-vi, [4], [1]-290, 204 figs. Beograd: Naucna knjiga. [in Serbian]

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Jürgens, G.H.B. (1822). Algae aquaticae quas, et in littora maris dynastium Javeranum et Frisiam orientalem alluentis rejectas, et in harum terrarum aquis habitantes, collegit et exsiccavit Georg Bernhard Jürgens, Jeveranus. Vol. Decades 11-16. Hanover: Mettcker, Jever & Hahn.

Kim, B.-H., Oh, H.-M., Lee, Y.-K., Choi, G.-G., Ahn, C.-Y., Yoon, B.-D. & Kim, H.-S. (2006). Simple method for RNA preparation from cyanobacteria (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1137-1141.

Komárek, J. & Komárková-Legnerová, J. (2002). Contribution to the knowledge of planktic cyanoprokaryotes from central Mexico. Preslia 74: 207-233.

Komárek, J. (2013). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 3rd part: heterocystous genera. Vol. 19 pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-1130. Heidelberg: Springer Spektrum.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Mazur-Marzec, H., Blaszczyk, A., Felczykowska, A., Hohlfeld, N., Kobos, J., Torunska-Sitarz, A., Devi, P., Montalvao, S., D'Souza, L., Tammela, P., Mikosik, A., Bloch, S., Nejman-Falenczyk, B. Wegrzyn, G. (2015). Baltic cyanobacteria - a source of biologically active compounds. European Journal of Phycology 50(3): 343-360.

O'Brien, H.E., Miadlikowska, J. & Lutzoni, F. (2006). Assessing host specialization in symbiotic cyanobacteria associated with four closely related species of the lichen fungus Peltigera. European Journal of Phycology 40: 363-378.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Tavera, R. & Komárek, J. (1996). Cyanoprokaryotes in the volcanic lake of Alchichica, Puebla State, Mexico. Algological Studies/Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement Volumes 83: 511-538.

Whitton, B.A. (2011). Cyanobacteria (Cyanophyta). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 31-158. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Created: 29 January 2001 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 September 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3695 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Birch, P.B. & Gabrielson, J.O. (1984). Cladophora growth in the Peel-Harvey estuarine system following blooms of cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena. Botanica Marina 27: 17-21.
Blackburn, S.I., McCausland, M.A., Bolch, C.J.S., Newman, S.J. & Jones, G.J. (1996). Effect of salinity on gowth and toxin productin in cultures of the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena from Australian waters. Phycologia 35: 511-522, 8 figs, 1 table.
Bursa, A.S. (1968). Epicenozy na Nodularia spumigena Mertens w Baltyku Epicenoses on Nodularia spumigena Mertens in the Baltic Sea. Acta Hydrobiologica [Polska Akademia Nauk] 10(3): 267-297.
Gabrielson, J.O. & Hamel, K.S. (1985). Decomposition of the cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena. Botanica Marina 28: 23-27.
Galat, D.L., Verdin, J.P. & Sims, L.L. (1990). Large-scale patterns of Nodularia spumigena blooms in Pyramid Lake, Nevada, determined from LANDSAT imagery - 1972-1986. Hydrobiologia 197(MAY): 147-164.
Huber, A.L. (1986). Nitrogen fixation by Nodularia spumigena Mertens (Cyanobacteriaceae). 1: Field studies and the contribution of blooms to the nitrogen budget of the Peel-Harvey Estuary, Western Australia. Hydrobiologia 131: 193-203.
Jodlowska, S. & Latala, A. (2010). Photoacclimation strategies in the toxic cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena (Nostocales, Cyanobateria). Phycologia 49(3): 203-211.
Kankaanpää, H.T., Sipiä, V.O, Kuparinen, J.S., Ott, J.L. & Carmichael, W.W. (2001). Nodularin analyses and toxicity of a Nodularia spumigena (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) water-bloom in the western Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, in August 1999. Phycologia 40: 268-274.
Krüger, T., Oelmüller, R., Luckas, B. (2009). Comparative PCR analysis of toxic Nodularia spumigena and non-toxic Nodularia harveyana (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) with respect to the nodularin synthetase gene cluster. European Journal of Phycology 44(3): 291-195.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=24478

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 September 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio