155,127 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,785 images, 59,958 bibliographic items, 434,141 distributional records.

Lomentaria Lyngbye, 1819

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Lomentariaceae

Holotype species: Lomentaria articulata (Hudson) Lyngbye

Original publication and holotype designation: Lyngbye, H.C. (1819). Tentamen hydrophytologiae danicae continens omnia hydrophyta cryptogama Daniae, Holsatiae, Faeroae, Islandiae, Groenlandiae hucusque cognita, systematice disposita, descripta et iconibus illustrata, adjectis simul speciebus norvegicis. pp. [i]-xxxii, [1]-248, 70 pls. Hafniae [Copenhagen]: typis Schultzianis, in commissis Librariae Gyldendaliae.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Nomenclatural notes
Monotypic when first introduced. - (24 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Thallus usually erect, sometimes arching or partly prostrate, terete or compressed, filled throughout with a watery mucilage, sometimes constricted into regular segments, branching variable, non-deciduous; multiaxial construction, cortex tubular, composed of 3-6 cell layers lined inside with a network of medullary cells bearing inwardly-directed secretory cells and compacted into a plug at constrictions and/or branch bases, monostromatic septa absent.Gametangial plants dioecious; spermatangia in superficial sori, terminal on mother cells derived from cortical cells; procarpic, carpogonial branches 3-celled, with one or two (one non-functional) 2-celled auxiliary cell branches, gonimoblast developing outwards from a columnar fusion cell, most cells forming carposporangia, tela arachnoidea poorly developed, cystocarps scattered, protruding externally, with a prominent pore; tetrasporangia terminal on cortical filaments, in sori in depressions formed by invagination of cortex, tetrahedral, polysporangia unknown.

Information contributed by: M.D. Guiry. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 24 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: L. articulata and some other species have the multilayered plugs constricting the medullary cavity at regular intervals and have terete thalli. Others, such as L. clavellosa and L. orcadensis , have plugs only occurring only at the bases of the branches, the fronds have an unconstricted appearance, and are compressed or flattened. Guiry in Irvine & Guiry (1983) suggested removal of this latter series to a separate genus, Chondrothamnion Kützing (1843: 438). The relationship between species of Binghamiopsis (q.v.) and the flattened, unconstricted species of Lomentaria needs further study, and the relationships between Coelothrix, Binghamia, and Binghamiopsis (q.v.) need clarification. Spore germination and frond development have been described in detail by Boillot (1961). L. articulata and L. clavellosa from the British Isles (Guiry unpubl.), and L. hakodatensis from Korea (Lee & West 1980) have Polysiphonia-type life histories. However, L. orcadensis tetraspores from Irish plants give rise repeatedly to new tetrasporangial plants (Foran & Guiry 1983; Guiry unpubl.). Chromosome numbers of n = 10 and 2n = 20 have been reported in L. articulata (Magne 1964), L. baileyana (Cole 1990), and L. clavellosa (Svedelius 1935, 1937), although Magne (1964) found n = 22 or 23 and 2n = 44 or 46 in the latter species. In L. orcadensis Magne (1964) and Svedelius (1935, 1937) reported that tetrasporangial plants had 20 chromosomes, although Magne (1964) found some populations with 10. Although L. hakodatensis is said (Dawson 1963) to be distributed from southern California south to Costa Rico, South (1968) reported plants from Washington, and it is now found in the Strait of Georgia and Barkley Sound on the west coast of Vancouver I. and in northern Washington, giving rise to speculation that it may have been introduced with oysters from Japan (Hawkes & Scagel 1986). Cabioch & Magne (1987) also report the occurrence of this species in northern France in circumstances that are suggestive of a similar introduction. Lomentaria species are poorly known. The genus is widespread, but less common in tropical and polar seas.

Numbers of names and species: There are 81 species names in the database at present, as well as 12 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 38 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Filloramo, G.V. & Saunders, G.W. (2016). Application of multigene phylogenetics and site-stripping to resolve intraordinal relationships in the Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 52(3): 339-355.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 01 January 2001 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=120

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 April 2019.

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