Solieria J., 1842
Holotype species: Solieria chordalis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh
Original publication and holotype designation: Agardh, J.G. (1842). Algae maris Mediterranei et Adriatici, observationes in diagnosin specierum et dispositionem generum. pp. [i]-x, 1-164. Parisiis [Paris]: Apud Fortin, Masson et Cie.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.
Monotypic when first introduced. - (23 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry
The Family Solieriaceae was determined to be distinct from the Family Areschougiaceae J. Agardh by Saunders et al. (2004), based on molecular studies. - (25 Jul 2006) -
Description: Plants of the largest species reach 30 cm in length. Thalli are erect or recumbent from a crustose or fibrous holdfast, terete to compressed, and irregularly to subdichotomously branched. Apices are multiaxial, the successive axial cells producing single periaxial derivatives either in orthostichous rows or rotated 120 degrees in a zig zag fashion. The medulla is broad and laxly filamentous with abundant rhizoids, and is surrounded by a cortex of progressively smaller subisodiametric cells. Carpogonial branches are 3-celled, at times bearing sterile cells on the basal cell, and emit a single non-septate connecting filament from fertilized carpogonia. Auxiliary cells are prominently situated in an "auxiliary cell complex" prior to diploidization. Cystocarps are deeply embedded in the axes, often in clusters, and consist of an ostiolate pericarp with a filamentous inner hull surrounding a carposporophyte in which a large central fusion cell gives rise peripherally to short chains of gonimoblast cells bearing single, terminal carposporangia. Tetrasporangia are laterally pit-connected to bearing cells.
Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 23 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: Detailed anatomical studies of species in the genus have been made by Min-Thein and Womersley (1976), Gabrielson & Hommersand (1982), and Gabrielson & Kraft (1984). Iota carrageenan has been reported for one species by Deslandes et al. (1985). The Family Solieriaceae was determined to be distinct from the Family Areschougiaceae J. Agardh by Saunders et al. (2004), based on molecular studies. Distribution: The type species occurs in the western Mediterranean and along the western European coast from Gibralter to France and southern England (Gabrielson and Hommersand 1982a). Solieria tenera (J. Agardh) Wynne and Taylor, is widespread on both sides of the Atlantic from North Carolina, and the Caribbean to Brazil in the west and from Senegal and Ghana in the east. Other species occur in the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, western and eastern Australia, and western Pacific from Japan southwards.
Numbers of names and species: There are 15 species names in the database at present, as well as 2 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 9 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Saunders, G.W., Chiovitti, A. & Kraft, G.T. (2004). Small-subunit rRNA gene sequences from representatives of selected families of the Gigartinales and Rhodymeniales (Rhodophyta). 3. Recognizing the Gigartinales sensu stricto. Canadian Journal of Botany 82: 43-74.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 01 January 2001 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 23 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33013
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 September 2018.