Schimmelmannia Schousboe ex Kützing, 1849
Holotype species: Schimmelmannia ornata Schousboe ex Kützing
Currently accepted name for the type species: Schimmelmannia schousboei (J.Agardh) J.Agardh
Original publication and holotype designation: Kützing, F.T. (1847). Diagnosen und Bemerkungen zu neuen oder kritischen Algen. Botanische Zeitung 5: 1-5, 22-25, 33-38, 52-55, 164-167, 177-180, 193-198, 219-223.
Precise date of publication23-24 July 1849
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Saunders, G.W., Filloramo, G., Dixon, K., Le Gall, L., Maggs, C.A. & Kraft, G.T. (2016). Multigene analyses resolve early diverging lineages in the Rhodymeniophycidae (Florideophyceae, Rhodphyta). Journal of Phycology 52(4): 505-522.
Monotypic when first introduced. - (23 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry
Description: Compressed, subdichotomously branched to several orders with abundant simple or pinnately branched distichous laterals. Uniaxial with four periaxial cells. Cortex of nearly isodiametric cells, progressively smaller toward cuticle. Rhizoids present. Carpogonial branch and auxiliary cell branch borne on same adventitious filament in inner cortex. Carpogonium dividing once or twice after fertilization, and one of the resultant cells fusing with the nearby, terminal auxiliary cell. Gonimoblast small, all cells maturing into carposporangia. Carpostome present. Spermatangia superficial. Tetrasporophyte heteromorphic, crustose, or life cycle direct, without tetrasporophytic phase. Tetrasporangia cruciate.
Information contributed by: S.C. Lindstrom. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 23 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: Oregon, California, Japan, Australia, Cape Verde, Tristan da Cunha, Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic France.
Numbers of names and species: There are 9 species names in the database at present, of which 8 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 23 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33217
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 March 2019.