Turnerella F., 1893
Holotype species: Turnerella mertensiana (Postels & Ruprecht) F.Schmitz
Original publication and holotype designation: Rosenvinge, L.K. (1893). Grønlands Havalger. Meddelelser om Grønland 3: 763-981, 57 figs, 2 pls.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.
Two species were originally included: T. pennyi and T. mertensiana; Schmitz (in Rosenvinge 1893: 815) clearly indicated "Species typica Trunerella Mertensiana (Post. et Rupr.) Schmitz." - (23 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry
Description: Gametophytic plants reach 60 cm in height, are erect from a discoid holdfast, and are irregularly lobed to lacerate blades. Axes are multiaxial, the medulla being broad and filamentous, surrounded by a cortex with large gland cells scattered in the outer layers. Carpogonial branches are 3(-4)celled. Cystocarps are ostiolate and deeply embedded in the fronds. Carposporophytes consist of an irregularly dissected central fusion cell surrounded by a few layers of sterile gonimoblasts bearing chains of carposporangia. Pericarps lack a filamentous internal layer. Spermatangia are unreported. Tetrasporophytes are heteromorphic to gametophytes, being in the form of small crusts (South et al. 1972).
Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 23 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: Distribution: The type species occurs in the north Pacific Ocean and extends around the Arctic rim to northern Europe.
Numbers of names and species: There are 8 species names in the database at present, as well as 2 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 3 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 23 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33242
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 March 2019.