153,622 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,421 bibliographic items, 412,629 distributional records.

Neurocaulon Zanardini ex Kützing, 1849, nom. et typ. cons.

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Furcellariaceae

Holotype species: Neurocaulon foliosum (Meneghini) Zanardini ex Kützing

Original publication and holotype designation: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Nomenclatural notes
The type has been conserved. Silva (1994: 260) notes: This name was first definitely accepted by Kützing (1849: 744), but is illegitimate because it was applied to a genus that subsumed Constantinea Postels & Rupr. 1840. Because a type was not indicated, Neurocaulon must be typified with N. rosa-marina (S. G. Gmel.) Kiitz. (Fucus rosa-marina S. G. Gmel.), the designated type of Constantinea. Taxonomically, however, two distinct genera are involved. Conservation of Neurocaulon with N. foliosum (Menegh.) Zanardini ex Kütz. as conserved type fixes the application of the generic name in its present sense." This proposal was accepted. - (23 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Plants reach 12 cm in length, are erect from a discoid holdfast, terete and cartilaginous below, and proliferous above with simple and very distinctive reniform blades. Carpogonial branches and auxiliary cells are similar to those of Halarachnion. Tetrasporangia are produced in diminutive crusts from which erect gametophytes also arise. Anatomical and life history studies have been made by Codomier (1967, 1969).

Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 28 Sep 2018 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Distribution: The type and the second species, H. grandifolium Rodriguez, are endemic to the Mediterranean Sea.

Numbers of names and species: There are 7 species names in the database at present, of which 3 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 September 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33421

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 November 2018.

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