152,876 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,121 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Cirrulicarpus Tokida & Masaki, 1956

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Kallymeniaceae

Holotype species: Cirrulicarpus gmelinii (Grunow) Tokida & Masaki

Currently accepted name for the type species: Erythrophyllum gmelinii (Grunow) Yendo

Original publication and holotype designation: Tokida, J. & Masaki, T. (1956). Studies on the reproductive organs of red algae II. On Erythrophyllum gmelini (Grun.) Yendo. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University 7: 63-71.

Taxonomic status: currently regarded as a synonym of Erythrophyllum.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Saunders, G.W., Huisman, J.M., Verg├ęs, A., Kraft, G.T. & Le Gall, L. (2017). Phylogenetic analyses support recognition of ten new genera, ten new species and 16 new combinations in the family Kallymeniaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Cryptogamie Algologie 38(2): 79-132, 126 figs.

Description: Flat, foliose, dichotomously to polychotomously branched to several orders. Ultimate segments flabellate, cordate or reniform, cleft. Subultimate parts of blade frequently wearing away to leave a thickened stem with or without torn fragments of thallus still attached. Medulla of fusiform cells. Refractive cells present, elongate, with spike-like processes. Cortex of isodiametric to elliptical cells, progressively smaller toward cuticle. Single 3-celled carpogonial branch borne on lobed supporting cell, usually with two lobed subsidiary cells. After fertilization, carpogonial fusion cell involving supporting and subsidiary cells initiating nonseptate connecting filaments that contact a separate auxiliary cell, which bears a carpogonial branch and subsidiary cells. Gonimoblast filaments developing from connecting filament and auxiliary cell and radiating through thallus. Clusters of carposporangia developing near apices of gonimoblast filaments, producing a diffuse, ring-like cystocarp. Carpostome absent. Spermatangia undescribed. Tetrasporophyte isomorphic. Tetrasporangia irregularly cruciate, intercalary in cortex.

Information kindly contributed by S.C. Lindstrom but may now be outdated.

Comments: Perennial. Endemic to the North Pacific: Alaska to Japan.

Numbers of names and species: There are 7 species names in the database at present, of which 2 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 September 2017 by Wendy Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=34429

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2018.

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