Craspedocarpus F., 1897
Holotype species: Craspedocarpus erosus (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) F.Schmitz
Original publication and holotype designation: Schmitz, F. & Hauptfleisch, P. (1897). Rhodophyllidaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 366-382. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
Precise date of publicationJanuary 1897
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.
Description: Plants reach 20 cm in length and are complanate and irregularly to subdichotomously branched, some species having marginal proliferous branchlets. Internal veins (representing central axial filaments) are usually visible, and surface cortical cells generally form rosettes around larger subsurface cells. The medulla is not extensive, but in all but one totally pseudoparenchymatous species (Schneider, 1988) it consists of medullary and rhizoidal filaments. Carposporophytes are composed of several large central cells and have a few sterile filaments joining to the pericarp. Cystocarps are protuberant, lack ostioles, and are confined to proliferations, the margins, or scattered on the thallus. Min-Thein and Womerelsy (1976) consider the genus a close relative of Rhodophyllis but distinct by the several large central cells of the carposporophyte rather than a single large fusion cell.
Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 30 Aug 2011 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: Distribution: Although the type species is from New Zealand, most (4 species) are from southern Australia. Two species recently added by Schneider (1988) are from North Carolina and Brazil.
Numbers of names and species: There are 8 species names in the database at present, of which 8 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 01 January 2001 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 30 August 2011 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=34980
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 November 2018.