Tolypiocladia F.in F.Schmitz & Falkenberg, 1897: 441
Holotype species: Tolypiocladia glomerulata (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz
Original publication and holotype designation:Schmitz, F. & Falkenberg, P. (1897). Rhodomelaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 421-480. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.
Description: Upright branched polysiphonous thalli, up to 12 cm tall, spongy consistency; monopodial, axes and indeterminate branches clothed with many determinate, senticose branchlets; branchlets exogenously formed on most segments in a 1/4 spiral sequence, distal ends of branchlet divided 1-2(or more) times into 1-several short spine-like branches; unbranched trichoblast borne on branchlet in early stages, young cells of trichoblast pigmented, later becoming colorless and deciduous. 4 pericentral cells, uncorticated. Reproductive structures borne on the determinate lateral branchlets. Tetrasporangia in distal polysiphonous segments of branchlet, 1 per segment which is swollen when sporangia are mature (Krishnamurthy 1962, Chang & Xia 1979). Male capitula short, cylindrical, with blunt ends, replacing trichoblasts in distal end of determinate branchlet (Boergesen 1931, Krishnamurthy 1962). Procarp on suprabasal segment of trichoblast in distal part of determinate branchlet; carpogonial branch 4-celled, attached to supporting cell that also bears two sterile cell groups; cystocarp spheroidal to urceolate (Falkenberg 1901, Krishnamurthy 1962).
Comments: Sublittoral to lower littoral, subtropical to tropical in western Pacific and Indian Oceans.
NCBI Nucleotide Sequences
Numbers of names and species: There are 4 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 4 have been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Tolypiocladia calodictyon (Harvey ex Kützing) P.C.Silva C
Tolypiocladia condensata (Weber-van Bosse) P.C.Silva C
Tolypiocladia glomerulata (C.Agardh) F.Schmitz C - type
Tolypiocladia penningtonensis Womersley C
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=36778
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 08 March 2014.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:8057