152,885 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,127 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Agardhiella F.Schmitz, 1897

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Solieriaceae

Holotype species: Agardhiella tenera (J.Agardh) F.Schmitz

Currently accepted name for the type species: Agardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne

Original publication and holotype designation: Schmitz, F. & Hauptfleisch, P. (1897). Rhodophyllidaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 366-382. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Nomenclatural notes
Monotypic when first introduced. - (23 Jan 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Description: Plants reach 30 cm in length, are erect from a discoid holdfast, and are terete and irregularly and radially branched. Apices incorporate a limited number of apical cells whose successive derivatives cut off a single periaxial cell in orthostichous rows. Supporting cells of carpogonial branches are homologous to auxiliary cells, the auxiliary cell plus the 3-4 cortical cells pit-connected to it appearing enlarged and darkly staining, forming a distinct "auxiliary cell complex". Generally two connecting filaments, one in open connection, the other pit-connected, arise from the fertilized carpogonium. Diploidization of an auxiliary cell results in growth of surrounding filaments into an involucre and division of the gonimoblast into a central tissue in which gametophytic and gonimoblastic cells make isolated fusions but do not incorporate into a central fusion cell. Carposporangia form in short (1-3) unbranched files. 1-2 spermatangia are cut off from each of the 1-2 mother cells borne on outer cortical bearing cells over wide surfaces of the fronds. Tetrasporangia are cut off laterally from bearing cells. The vegetative and reproductive structure of Agardhiella are detailed by Gabrielson and Hommersand (1982), who establish the Tribe Agardhielleae for it.

Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 23 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Distribution: The type species occurs intertidally from Massachusetts to Brazil in the western Atlantic and from Texas and numerous islands of the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea.

Numbers of names and species: There are 9 species names in the database at present, as well as 3 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 5 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 23 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=37724

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2018.

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