152,885 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,127 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Arthrothamnus Ruprecht, 1848

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Laminariales
Family Laminariaceae

Holotype species: Arthrothamnus kurilensis Ruprecht

Original publication and holotype designation: Ruprecht, F.J. (1848). Bemerkungen über den Bau und das Wachstum einiger grossen Algen-stamme, und über die Mittel, das alter derselben zu bestimmen. Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sciences Naturelles 6: 59-70.

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156.

Taxonomic notes
Arthrothamnaceae (Jackson et al., 2017). - (2 May 2017) - Wendy Guiry

Description: Life history diplohaplontic with alternation of large sporophyte bearing unilocular meiosporangia with paraphyses (sori) and microscopic dioecious and oogamous, heteromorphous gametophytes (for detail, see Laminaria). Haploid chromosome number in A. bifidus is n = 22 (Yabu and Tokida 1963). Sporophyte perennial, composed of holdfast, stipe and blade. Blade formation is unique within the Laminariaceae. Blade is linear in shape and produces an auriculate outgrowth on both sides of its base when maturing. Both auriculate outgrowth develop into a new stipe and blade while the old overwintering blade is shed in spring leaving a scar extending from the broadened top of the stipe to the base of each outgrowth. This probably annual blade regeneration pattern results in a ramificated stipe, the number of ramifications being equivalent to the age of the sporophyte. Original holdfast composed of short hapteres. Secondary stipes also produce hapteres along lower margin. Sori on A. bifidus develop in winter on both blade surfaces as irregular longitudinal line in the central portion of the blade. Structure of sporophyte as in Laminaria composed of photosynthetic meristoderm, parenchymatic cortex and central medulla.

Information contributed by: I. Bartsch. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 21 Jun 2014 by M.D. Guiry.

Comments: Genus endemic to the northern parts of the Pacific (probably from the Aleutian islands to Hokkaido, Japan; also Kamchatka and Saghalien), growing subtidally.

Numbers of names and species: There are 5 species names in the database at present, of which 2 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Jackson, C., Salomaki, E.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2017). Kelp transcriptomes provide robust support for interfamilial relationships and revision of the little jnown Arthrothamnaceae (Laminariales) (Letter). Journal of Phycology 53(1): 1-6.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 21 June 2014 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=41248

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2018.

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