153,615 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,407 bibliographic items, 412,628 distributional records.

Lyngbya C.Agardh ex Gomont, 1892, nom. et typ. cons.

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae
Order Oscillatoriales
Family Oscillatoriaceae

Holotype species: Lyngbya confervoides C.Agardh ex Gomont

Original publication and holotype designation: Gomont, M. (1892 '1893'). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Série 7 16: 91-264, pls 1-7.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Komárek, J., Kastovsky, J., Mares, J. & Johansen, J.R. (2014). Taxonomic classification of cyanoprokaryotes (cyanobacterial genera) 2014, using a polyphasic approach. Preslia 86: 295-335.

Description: Filamentous; filaments thick, rarely solitary, usually connected into thick, layered, sometimes leathery strata (mats), rarely tangled into free clusters of coiled filaments, usually macroscopic, to several cm or dm diam., with firm sheaths, which are sometimes layered or stratified and brownish colored, opened at the ends; very rarely without sheaths (usually only reproducing hormogonia); unbranched or slightly falsely branched with short and sporadical branches. Trichomes isopolar, straight or slightly waved, thick (5.5-60 _m), uniseriate, composed of shortly cylindrical or barrel-shaped discoid cells, unconstricted or constricted at the crosswalls, not attenuated or attenuated to the ends, nonmotile or slightly motile (but with motile hormogonia !). Cells very short, always shorter (usually several times) than long, without or (rarely) with facultative aerotopes, usually finely granulated, sometimes more at the crosswalls; cell content blue-green, olive-green, yellowish, brownish or pinkish, with coiled thylakoids, situated more or less over the whole cell content; end cell with thickened outer cell wall or with prominent calyptra. Heterocytes and akinetes absent. Cell division crosswise, perpendicular to the long axis of a trichome, usually in a rapid sequence. Sometimes irregular meristematic zones. Reproduction by Å short, motile hormogonia, which separate from trichomes by help of necridic cells. Disintegration of mats. Usually growing in mats covering different subaerophytic or submersed substrates, several species are marine or brackish. Rarely occur in clusters of tangled filaments in metaphyton of not very polluted water bodies with numerous water plants. Few species occur in plankton as solitary trichomes (rarely L. birgei, etc.). Common all over the world (mainly the halophilic species).

Information contributed by: J. Komárek. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 19 Oct 2015 by M.D. Guiry.

Common names

(as Lyngbya)
English: Mermaid's Hair (Madlener 1977).

Numbers of names and species: There are 646 species names in the database at present, as well as 314 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 230 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 October 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=42975

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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