Gloeocystis Nägeli, 1849: 65
Holotype species: Gloeocystis vesiculosa Nägeli
Original publication and holotype designation:Nägeli, C. (1849). Gattungen einzelliger Algen, physiologisch und systematisch bearbeitet. Neue Denkschriften der Allg. Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften 10(7): i-viii, 1-139, pls I-VIII.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Description: Colonies (rarely unicellular) microscopic with cells embedded in irregular mucilaginous envelope and forming spherical to pyramidal to amorphous masses to about 55 &m diameter. Mucilaginous material often lamellate around each cell or group of cells, these often in clusters following sporulation. Cells spherical to oval, mostly 6-23 &m in maximum dimension, with smooth cell walls. Cells uninucleate; chloroplast single and parietal with single pyrenoid. Asexual reproduction by autospores; 2-8(-16) per sporangium. Brown akinetes with thick walls reported for G. banneergattensis. Gloeocystis planktonic in freshwater, aerial on rocks or wood, in soil or associated with mosses; widely distributed in temperate to tropical climates. Taxonomic concepts vary among recent authors with Gloeocystis species overlapping with Coenocystis; distinguishing features of these genera require reevaluation. Species distinguished based on cell size, shape and arrangement, and colony morphology.
NCBI Nucleotide Sequences
Numbers of names and species: There are 23 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 10 have been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Gloeocystis adnata Nägeli C
Gloeocystis ampla (Kützing) Rabenhorst S
Gloeocystis australis Playfair C
Gloeocystis australis var. ampla Playfair C
Gloeocystis bacillus Teiling S
Gloeocystis banneerghattensis Iyengar C
Gloeocystis botryoides (Kützing) Nägeli C
Gloeocystis gigas var. planctonica West & G.S.West S
Gloeocystis gigas (Kützing) Lagerheim S
Gloeocystis gigas var. maxima West C
Gloeocystis hercynica H.Heynig S
Gloeocystis infusionum (Schrank) West & G.S.West U
Gloeocystis major Gerneck ex Lemmermann C
Gloeocystis maxima Mainx S
Gloeocystis minuta Willen S
Gloeocystis papuana (S.Watanabe) H.Ettl & G.Gärtner C
Gloeocystis planctonica (West & G.S.West) Lemmermann S
Gloeocystis polydermatica (Kützing) Hindák C
Gloeocystis rupestris Rabenhorst C
Gloeocystis scopulorum Hansgirg C
Gloeocystis vesiculosa var. alpina Schmidle C
Gloeocystis vesiculosa Nägeli C - type
Gloeocystis zostericola (Farlow) F.S.Collins S
Cambra Sánchez, J., Álvarez Cobelas, M. & Aboal Sanjurjo, M. (1998). Lista florística y bibliográfica de los clorófitos (Chlorophyta) de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. pp. 1-614. Burgos: Asociación Española de Limnología.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43408
Cite this record as:
Michael Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 09 March 2014.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:6982