Nephrochlamys Korshikov, 1953: 310
Lectotype species: Nephrochlamys subsolitaria (G.S.West) Korshikov
Currently accepted name for the type species: Nephrochlamys rostrata Nygaard, Komárek, J.Kristiansen & O.M.Skulberg
Original publication:Korshikov, O. (1953). Viznachnik prisnovodnihk vodorostey Ukrainsykoi RSR [Vyp] V. Pidklas Protokokovi (Protococcineae). Bakuol'ni (Vacuolales) ta Protokokovi (Protococcales) [The Freshwater Algae of the Ukrainian SSR. V. Sub-Class Protococcineae. Vacuolales and Protococcales]. pp. 1-439. Kyjv [Kiev]: Akad. Nauk URSR.
Type designated inFott, B. (1976). Oocystis und verwandte Gattungen aus der Unterfamilie der Oocystoideae: Namensänderungen, taxonomische Notizen und Bestimmungsschliissel. Preslia 48: 193-206.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Description: Cells solitary or in 4-celled colonies within the mother cell wall. Mucilage envelope lacking. Cells lunate, slightly twisted with broadly rounded to slightly acuminate apices, 3.5-10-(12) x 1-4 µm; colonies 11-20 µm in length. Cells uninucleate; chloroplast single and parietal, without a pyrenoid. Asexual reproduction by (2)-4-(8) autospores which may be retained within the mother cell wall, the latter becoming expanded but retaining the shape of the vegetative cell. Sexual reproduction and flagellated stages unknown. Chiefly distinguished from the closely related Nephrocytium by the absence of a pyrenoid and from Juranyiella by the absence of granulations on the cell wall. Nephrochlamys, planktonic, widely distributed in freshwater in Europe, Japan, North and Central America.
NCBI Nucleotide Sequences
Numbers of names and species: There are 7 species (and infraspecific) names in the database at present, of which 5 have been flagged as currently accepted taxonomically.
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is currently accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Nephrochlamys allanthoidea Korshikov C
Nephrochlamys danica Komárek C
Nephrochlamys javorkae (Hortobágyi) Fott P
Nephrochlamys rostrata Nygaard, Komárek, J.Kristiansen & O.M.Skulberg C
Nephrochlamys rotunda Korshikov C
Nephrochlamys subsolitaria (G.S.West) Korshikov S - type
Nephrochlamys willeana (Printz) Korshikov C
Cambra Sánchez, J., Álvarez Cobelas, M. & Aboal Sanjurjo, M. (1998). Lista florística y bibliográfica de los clorófitos (Chlorophyta) de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. pp. 1-614. Burgos: Asociación Española de Limnología.
Krienitz, L., Bock, C., Nozaki, H. & Wolf, M. (2011). SSU rRNA gene phylogeny of morphospecies affiliated to the bioassay alga "Selenastrum capricornutum" recoverd the polyphyletic origin of crescent-shaped Chlorophyta. Journal of Phycology 47(4): 880-893.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=44263
Cite this record as:
Michael Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 09 March 2014.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:90736